A&P test 3.txt

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Anonymous
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209994
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A&P test 3.txt
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2013-03-28 10:27:27
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II digestion Respiratory
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digestion/Respiratory
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  1. 1. If a patient inhales as deeply as possible and then exhales a much as possible, the volume of air expelled would be the patient’s

    A. expiratory reserve volume.
    B. tidal volume.
    C. reserve volume.
    D. inspiratory reserve volume.
    E. vital capacity.
    E. vital capacity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. The digestive tract is also referred to as the

    A. alimentary canal.
    B. alimentary canal and the GI tract.
    C. esophagus.
    D. All of the answers are correct.
    E. GI Tract
    B. alimentary canal and the GI tract.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. Which of the following is an accessory organ of digestion?

    A. appendix
    B. colon
    C. spleen
    D. pancreas
    E. esophagus
    D. pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 4. The enzyme pepsin digests

    A. lipids.
    B. proteins.
    C. carbohydrates.
    D. nucleic acids.
    B. proteins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. Approximately the last 15 cm of the digestive tract is the

    A. sigmoid colon.
    B. rectum.
    C. anus.
    D. anal canal.
    E. rectal column.
    B. rectum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. The rig-shaped cartilage just inferior to the thyroid cartilage is the_________ cartilage.

    A. arytenoid
    B. corniculate
    C. cuneiform
    D. cricoids
    E. epiglottis
    D. cricoids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. The region of the stomach that empties into the duodenum is the

    A. cardia.
    B. antrum.
    C. fundus.
    D. body.
    E. pylorus.
    E. pylorus.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. During exercise, which of the following contract for active exhalation:

    A. diaphragm and internal intercostal muscles
    B. diaphragm and external intercostals muscles
    C. rectus abdominis and diaphragm muscles
    D. rectus abdominis and internal intercostal muscles
    E. pectoralis major and serratus anterior muscles
    D. rectus abdominis and internal intercostal muscles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. What organ is primarily responsible for water absorption?

    A. esophagus
    B. anus
    C. stomach
    D. pancreas
    E. large intestine
    E. large intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. During a choking episode, most foreign objects are lodged in the ______broncus due to its larger diameter and steeper angle.

    A. right primary
    B. medial
    C. right secondary
    D. left secondary
    E. left primary
    A. right primary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 11. The larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles all make up the

    A. upper respiratory tract.
    B. alveoli of the respiratory tract.
    C. lower respiratory tract.
    D. respiratory mucosa.
    E. internal respiratory tract.
    C. lower respiratory tract.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. The term _____ describes the result from an injury that permits air to leak into the intrapleural space.

    A. pleurisy
    B. emphysema
    C. pulmonary edema
    D. pneumonia
    E. pneumonthorax
    E. pneumonthorax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Expiratory movements are produced by contraction of the _____muscle.

    A. scalene
    B. internal intercostal
    C. external intercostal
    D. diaphragm
    E. serratus anterior
    B. internal intercostal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 14. G cells of the stomach secrete

    A. cholecystokinin.
    B. gastrin.
    C. secretin.
    D. pepsin.
    E. enteropeptidase.
    B. gastrin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. Functions of the stomach include all of the following, except

    A. storage of ingested food.
    B. initiation of protein digestion.
    C. absorption of triglycerides.
    D. denaturation of proteins.
    E. mechanical breakdown of food.
    C. absorption of triglycerides.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. Asthma is

    A. caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    B. a collapsed lung.
    C. characterized by fluid buildup in the alveoli.
    D. an obstructive tumor.
    E. an acute condition resulting from unusually sensitive, irritated conducting airways.
    E. an acute condition resulting from unusually sensitive, irritated conducting airways.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. Functions of the large intestine include

    A. absorption of bile salts.
    B. secretion of vitamins.
    C. resorption (absorption) of water and compacted of feces.
    D. chemical breakdown of food
    E. production of gas to move waste toward the rectum.
    C. resorption (absorption) of water and compacted of feces.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 18. Digestion refers to the

    A. mechanical breakdown of food.
    B. progressive dehydration of indigestible residue.
    C. chemical breakdown of food.
    D. mechanical and chemical breakdown of food.
    E. all of the answers are correct.
    D. mechanical and chemical breakdown of food.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. Each of the following is a function of the liver, except

    A. synthesis of plasma proteins.
    B. storage of glycogen and reserves.
    C. synthesis and secretion of bile.
    D. inactivation of toxins.
    E. antibody production.
    E. antibody production.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. Which respiratory organ(s) has a cardiac notch?

    A. right lung
    B. left primary bronchus
    C. right primary bronchus
    D. both the right and the left lungs
    E. left lung
    E. left lung
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. The condition resulting from inadequate production of surfactant and the resultant collapse of alveoli is

    A. pneumonthorax.
    B. anoxia
    C. respiratory distress syndrome.
    D. COPD.
    E. pulmonary embolism.
    C. respiratory distress syndrome.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 22. Decompression sickness is a painful condition that develops when a person is exposed to a sudden drop in atmospheric pressure. Bubbles of the ____ gas are responsible for the problem.

    A. carbon dioxide
    B. carbon monoxide
    C. helium
    D. oxygen
    E. nitrogen
    E. nitrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23. The respiratory defense system is important because it

    A. helps filter the air.
    B. keeps out pathogens.
    C. All of the answers are correct.
    D. keeps out debris.
    E. helps warm the air keeps
    C. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 24. The ____ are double sheets of peritoneal membrane that suspend the visceral organs and carry nerves, lymphatics, and blood vessels.

    A. mesenteries
    B. adventitia
    C. serosa
    D. lamina propria
    E. fibrosa
    A. mesenteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25. The pylorus empties into the

    A. ileum.
    B. cecum.
    C. colon.
    D. duodenum.
    E. jejunum.
    D. duodenum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26. The right lung is ____as the left lung is to ____.

    A. four lobes; three lobes
    B. two lobes; two lobes
    C. three lobes; two lobes
    D. two lobes; three lobes
    E. three lobes; three lobes
    C. three lobes; two lobes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27. A disease that attacks and disables the myenteric plexus would

    A. interfere with both intestinal motility and gastric secretion.
    B. decrease intestinal motility.
    C. increase gastric secretion.
    D. decrease gastric secretion.
    E. increase intestinal motility.
    B. decrease intestinal motility.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28. The functions of the oral cavity include all of the following, except

    A. digestion of carbohydrates.
    B. absorption of monosaccharides.
    C. mechanical processing of food.
    D. lubrication.
    E. analysis of material before swallowing.
    B. absorption of monosaccharides.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 29. Parietal cells secrete

    A. enteropeptidase.
    B. gastrin.
    C. pepsinogen.
    D. hydrochloric acid
    E. mucus.
    D. hydrochloric acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. The auditory tubes open into the

    A. nasal cavity.
    B. laryngopharynx.
    C. larynx.
    D. nasopharynx.
    E. oropharynx.
    D. nasopharynx.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. Which organ is responsible for dehydration and compaction of indigestible materials?

    A. large intestine
    B. small intestine
    C. esophagus
    D. stomach
    E. anus
    A. large intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32. The activities of the digestive system are regulated by

    A. hormones.
    B. All of the answers are correct.
    C. intrinsic nerve plexuses.
    D. parasympathetic and sympathetic neurons.
    E. the contents of the digestive tract.
    B. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 33. A pulmonary embolism can be caused by ____becoming trapped in a pulmonary artery.

    A. All of the answers are correct.
    B. air bubbles
    C. circulating objects in the blood
    D. masses of fat
    E. blood clots
    A. All of the answers are correct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34. External respiration involves the

    A. exchange of dissolved gases between the blood and the interstitial fluid.
    B. diffusion of gases between the alveoli and the circulating blood.
    C. movement of air into and out of the lungs.
    D. binding of oxygen by hemoglobin
    E. utilization of oxygen by tissues to support metabolism.
    B. diffusion of gases between the alveoli and the circulating blood.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35. The nasal cavity, pharynx, and larynx constitute the ____portion of the airway.

    A. sinus
    B. primary
    C. conducting
    D. respiratory
    E. exchange
    C. conducting
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 36. The most superior portion of the lung is termed the

    A. hilus.
    B. epipleurium.
    C. apex.
    D. cardiac notch.
    E. base.
    C. apex.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 37. Functions of the nasal cavity include all of the following, except

    A. acting as a resonating chamber in speech.
    B. humidifying the air.
    C. warming the air.
    D. acting as a damping chamber when coughing.
    E. filtering the air.
    D. acting as a damping chamber when coughing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 38. Large blood vessels and lymphatics are found in the

    A. serosa.
    B. muscularis.
    C. mucosa.
    D. submucosa.
    E. adventitia.
    D. submucosa.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 39. Air moves out of the lungs when the pressure inside the lungs is

    A. greater than the pressure in the atmosphere.
    B. less than intrapulmonic pressure.
    C. equal to the pressure in the atmosphere.
    D. greater than intraalvelar pressure.
    E. greater than the pressure in the atmosphere.
    E. greater than the pressure in the atmosphere.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 40. A feature of the digestive tract wall that increases surface area available for absorption is the

    A. elastic cells
    B. rugae.
    C. plicae.
    D. villi.
    E. transitional cells
    C. plicae.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. 41. Which of the following contains adipose tissue and provides spading for the anterior and lateral portions of the abdomen?

    A. diaphraghm
    B. greater omentum
    C. mesentery proper
    D. lesser omentum
    E. faciform ligament
    B. greater omentum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. 42. The actual sites of gas exchange within the lungs are

    A. pleural spaces.
    B. interlobular septa.
    C. alveloli.
    D. bronchioles.
    E. terminal bronchioles.
    C. alveloli.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. 43. During deglutition, which of the following phases is not present?

    A. gastric
    B. esophageal
    C. pharyngeal
    D. buccal
    E. None of the answers are correct.
    A. gastric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. 44. Respiratory function deteriorates as a result of pneumonia because inflammation

    A. reduces movement of the epiglottis.
    B. causes the lungs to leak air into the thorax.
    C. causes respiratory bronchioles to swell and dilate.
    D. causes fluids to leak into the alveoli.
    E. reduces the size of the pleural cavity.
    D. causes fluids to leak into the alveoli.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. 45. The fusion of the hepatic duct and the cystic duct forms the

    A. bile canaliculs.
    B. common bile duct.
    C. porta hepatis.
    D. common pancreatic duct.
    E. hepatic portal vein.
    B. common bile duct.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. 46. Tuberculosis results from an infection by the bacterium

    A. Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    B. Clostridium difficile.
    C. Stafphyloccus aureus.
    D. Tuberculin plumonae.
    E. Vancomycin-resistant streptococcus.
    A. Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. 47. ________are also know as canines.

    A. cuspids
    B. secondary teeth
    C. incisors
    D. bicuspids
    E. molars
    A. cuspids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. 48. Waves of muscular contractions that propel the contents of the digestive tract are called

    A. pendular movements.
    B. mastication
    C. peristalisis
    D. churning movements.
    E. segmentation.
    C. peristalisis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. 49. The ______gland empties into the oral cavity at the level of the second upper molar.

    A. vestibular
    B. submandibular
    C. parotid
    D. sublingual
    E. submaxillary
    C. parotid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. 50. Which direction does carbon dioxide move during internal respiration?

    A. from the blood into the lungs
    B. from the blood into the tissue cells
    C. from the lungs into the blood
    D. from the tissue cells into the blood
    E. from the lungs into the atmosphere
    D. from the tissue cells into the blood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. 51. Peyer patches are characteristic of the

    A. stomach.
    B. duodenum.
    C. ileum.
    D. colon.
    E. jejunum.
    C. ileum.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. 52. Inhaling through the nostrils is preferred over the mouth because

    A. it dries out the mouth.
    B. less resistance to flow.
    C. bacteria won’t be inhaled from the oral cavity.
    D. it allows better conditioning of the inhaled air.
    E. it combines olfaction with respiration.
    D. it allows better conditioning of the inhaled air.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. 53. A common site to place a tracheostomy tube is through the ligament that connects the cricoids cartilage to the ____ cartilage.

    c. thyroid
    • a. corniculate
    • b. epiglottic
    • c. thyroid
    • d. cuneiform
    • e. vestibular
  54. 54. The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is

    A. cellular respiration.
    B. external respiration.
    C. internal respiration.
    D. pulmonary ventilation.
    E. breathing.
    C. internal respiration.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. 55. Chief cells secrete

    A. hydrochloric acid.
    B. gastrin.
    C. intrinsic factor.
    D. mucus.
    E. pepsinogen.
    E. pepsinogen.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. 56. The duodenal ampulla receives secretions from the

    A. duodenum and the pancreatic duct.
    B. duodenum and the pylorus.
    C. duodenum and the bile duct.
    D. duodenum and the jejunum.
    E. common bile duct and the pancreatic duct
    E. common bile duct and the pancreatic duct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. 57. The glottis is

    A. the soft tissue that hangs off the end of the soft palate.
    B. the opening to the larynx
    C. the opening to the pharynx.
    D. a flap of elastic cartilage.
    E. part of the hard palate.
    B. the opening to the larynx
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. 58. Each of the following organs is a component of the digestive tract, except the

    A. esophagus.
    B. pharynx.
    C. stomach.
    D. colon.
    E. bladder.
    E. bladder.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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