MNT II quiz 5 Ch 13 & 18

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whenry2
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210349
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MNT II quiz 5 Ch 13 & 18
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2013-04-08 22:48:54
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MNT II quiz 13 18
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Ch 13 & 18 vocab
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  1. Specialized protein that fights disease; also called immunoglobulin
    Antibody
  2. Any substance that can provoke an immune response
    Antigen
  3. Antibodies directed against a particular disease or poison
    Antitoxin
  4. Lymphocyte that manufactures antibodies
    B lymphocytes
  5. Resistance to disease mediated by T cells
    Cell-mediated immunity
  6. Resistance to disease provided by plasma cells and antibody production
    Humoral immunity
  7. T cells that stimulates the immune response
    Helper cell
  8. Resistance to a particular pathogen
    Immunity
  9. Antibody
    Immunoglobulin
  10. Protein produced
    Interferon
  11. Protein produced by T cells; help regulate immune system
    Interleukin
  12. Fluid that contains white blood cells and other substances and flows in the lymphatic vessels
    Lymph
  13. Type of agranulocyte; white blood cells made in the bone marrow that are crucial to the body's defense against disease and infection.
    Lymphocytes
  14. Special cell that devours foreign substances
    macrophage
  15. small phagocytic cell that devours foreign substances
    microphage
  16. disease-causing agent
    pathogen
  17. ingestion of foreign substances by specialized cells
    phagocytosis
  18. Organ of lymph system that filters, stores, and rmoves blood, and activates lymphocytes
    spleen
  19. specialized cells that develop in the thymus and are responsible for cellular immunity, and assist with humoral immunity
    T cells
  20. Injection of an antigen from a different organism to cause active immunity
    vaccination
  21. "acquired immundeficiency disease" most widespread immunosuppressive disease; caused by the HIV virus
    AIDS
  22. ALL
    acute lymphocytic leukemia
  23. IgE
    immunoglobulin E
  24. EIA, ELISA
    Enzyme-linked immunosorbet assay
  25. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  26. substance to which exposure causes an allergic response
    Allergen
  27. Production of IgE antibodies agianst an allergen
    Allergy
  28. overactivity in the immune system against oneself causeing destruction of one's own healthy cells
    Auoimmune response
  29. abnormal reaction to an allergen
    hypersensitivity
  30. Infection that takes hold because of lowered immune response
    opportunistic infection
  31. Normal death of cells
    Apoptosis
  32. Encapsulated; not malignant
    Benign
  33. growing in an orderly fashion
    Differentiated
  34. Abnormal tissue growth
    Dysplasia
  35. held within a capsule; benign
    Encapsulated
  36. infiltrating other organs; spreading
    Invasive
  37. Growing uncontrollably
    Malignant
  38. Spread of malignant cells to other parts of the body; spread of a cancer from a localized area
    Metastasis
  39. Cell division
    Mitosis
  40. Alteration in DNA to produce defective cells
    Mutation
  41. abnormal tissue growth; tumor; new growth
    Neoplasm
  42. any mass of tissue; swelling; growth made up of cells that reproduce abnormally
    Tumor
  43. bx
    biopsy
  44. CA
    carcinoma
  45. chemo
    chemotherapy
  46. CLL
    chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  47. DNA
    deoxyribonucleic acid
  48. METS, mets
    metastases
  49. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  50. RNA
    ribonucleic acid
  51. Tx
    treatment
  52. reverting to a more immature form
    Anaplastic
  53. maturity of a tumor
    Grade
  54. intensely colored
    Hyperchromatic
  55. excessive in development
    Hyperplastic
  56. having an inflamed appearance (red and swollen)
    Inflammatory
  57. large and fleshy
    Medullary
  58. containing dead tissue
    Necrotic
  59. formed in tight clusters
    Nodular
  60. having papillae projecting from cells
    Papillary
  61. course of treatment
    Protocol
  62. degree of tumor spread
    Stage
  63. removal of tumor and surrounding tissue for examination
    Excisional biopsy
  64. surgical removal of a localized breast tumor
    Lumpectomy
  65. removal of cells for examination by aspirating them with a needle
    Needle biopsy
  66. method of treatment using genetically changed cells to cure or lessen the symptoms of disease
    Gene therapy

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