Rapid Review: Treatments

Card Set Information

Author:
jknell
ID:
210407
Filename:
Rapid Review: Treatments
Updated:
2013-03-30 17:34:19
Tags:
Step
Folders:

Description:
Step I
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jknell on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Absence Seizures
    Ethosuximide
  2. Acute Gout Attack
    • -NSAIDS
    • -Colchicine
  3. Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia
    All-trans retinoic acid
  4. ADHD
    • -Methylpenidate
    • -Amphetamine
  5. Alcohol Abuse
    • AA + disulfram (patient)
    • AA (family)
  6. Alcohol Withdrawal
    Benzodiazepines
  7. Anorexia
    SSRIs
  8. Anticoagulation during pregnancy
    Heparin
  9. Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue
    Class IB antiarrhythmics (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)
  10. B12 Deficiency
    B12 supplementatio
  11. BPH
    • Tamsulosin
    • Finasteride
  12. Bipolar Disorder
    • Lithium
    • Valproate
    • Carbamazepine
    • Lamotrigine
    • (Mood Stabilizers)
  13. Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women
    Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)
  14. Buerger's Disease
    Smoking cessation
  15. Bulimia
    SSRIs
  16. Candida albicans
    • Systemic: amphotericin B
    • Oral/Esophagitis: nystatin
  17. Carcinoid Syndrome
    Octreotide
  18. Chlamydia trachomatis
    • Doxycycline (+ ceftriazone for gonorrhea coinfection)
    • Erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)
  19. Chronic gout
    • Probenecid
    • Allopurinol
  20. Chronic hepatitis
    IFNa
  21. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
    Imatinib
  22. Clostridium botulinum
    Antitoxin
  23. Clostridium difficle
    • -oral metronidazole
    • -oral vancomycin if refractory
  24. Clostridium tetani
    Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam
  25. Crohn's Disease
    • -Corticosteroids
    • -Infliximab
  26. Cryptococcus neoformans
    Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDs patients)
  27. Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis
    Mesna
  28. Cystic Fibrosis
    • N-acteylcysteine
    • Antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)
  29. Cytomegalovirus
    Ganciclovir
  30. Depression
    SSRIs (first line)
  31. Diabetes Inspidus
    • Central: desmopressin
    • Nephrogenic: HCTZ, indomethacin, amiloride
  32. DM 1
    • -Dietary intervention
    • -insulin replacement
  33. DM 2
    • -Dietary intervention
    • -oral hypoglycemics
    • -possible insulin
  34. DKA
    • -Fluids
    • -Insulin
    • -K+
  35. Enterococci
    Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside
  36. Erectile Dysfunction
    • -Sildenafil
    • -Vardenafil
  37. ER-positive Breast Cancer
    Tamoxifen
  38. Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication
    -Fomepizole (inhibits ADH)
  39. H. influenza B
    Rifampin (prophylaxis)
  40. Generalized anxiety disorder
    Buspirone
  41. Heparin toxicity (acute)
    protamine sulfate
  42. HER2/neu positive breast cancer
    Trastuzumab
  43. Hyperaldosteronism
    Spironolactone
  44. Hypercholesterolemia
    Statin (first line)
  45. Hypertriglyceridemia
    Fibrate
  46. Immediate Anticoagulation
    Warfarin
  47. Infertility
    • Leuprolide
    • GnRH (pulsatile)
  48. Influenza
    • -Rimantidine
    • -Oseltamivir
  49. Legionella pneumophila
    Erythromycin
  50. Long-term anticoagulation
    Warfarin
  51. Malaria
    • Chloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont)
    • Primaquine (for liver hipnozoite)
  52. Malignant Hyperthermia
    Dantrolene
  53. Medical Abortion
    Mifepristone
  54. Migraine
    Sumatriptan
  55. MRSA
    Vancomycin
  56. Multiple Sclerosis
    • B interferon
    • Immunosuppression
    • Natalizumab
  57. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • RIPE
    • -rifampin
    • -isoniazid
    • -pyrazinamide
    • -ethambutol
  58. Neisseria gonorrhea
    Ceftriaxone (+ doxycycline for concurrent chlamydia)
  59. Neisseria meningitidis
    • Penicillin/ceftriaxone
    • Rifampin (prophylaxis)
  60. Neural Tube Defect Prevention
    prenatal folic acid
  61. Osteomalacia/Rickets
    Vitamin D supplementation
  62. Osteoporosis
    • Bisphosphonates
    • Supplement Ca and vitamin D
  63. PDA
    indomethacin to close
  64. Pheochromocytoma
    alpha agonists (phenoxybenzamine)
  65. Pneumocystis jirovecii
    TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)
  66. Prolactinoma
    Bromocriptine (DA agonist)
  67. Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids
    • Leuprolide
    • GnRH (continuous)
  68. Prostate carcinoma
    Flutamide
  69. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Antipseudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside
  70. PAH
    • Sildenafil
    • Bosentan
    • Epoprostenol
  71. Rickettsia rickettsii
    • Doxycycline
    • Chloramphenicol (esp in context of aplastic anemia)
  72. Ringworm Infection
    • Terbinafine
    • Griseogulvin
    • Imidazole
  73. Schizophrenia (negative sx)
    5-HT2A antagonists (second generation antipsychotics)
  74. Schizophrenia (positive sx)
    D2 receptor antagonists (first and second generation anti-psychotics)
  75. SIADH
    • Demeclocycline
    • Lithium
    • Vasopressin receptor antagonists
  76. Sickle Cell Anemia
    Hydroxyurea (increased HbF)
  77. Sporothrix schenckii
    oral potassium chloride
  78. Stable angina
    Sublingual nitroglycerin
  79. Staphylococcus aureus
    • MSSA: nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
    • MRSA: vancomycin
  80. Streptococcus bovis
    • Penicillin prophylaxis
    • Evaluate for colon cancer if related to endocarditis
  81. Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Systemic infection/pneumonia: Penicillin/cephalosporin

    Meningitis: vancomycin
  82. Streptococcus pyogenes
    Penicillin prophylaxis
  83. Temporal arteritis
    High-dose steroids
  84. Tonic-clonic seizures
    • Phenytoin
    • Valproate
    • Carbamazepine
  85. Toxoplasma gondii
    Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview