How are wetlands affected by global warming?
Wetlands may be key ecosystems for mitigating the effects of fossil fuel emissions on climate. the resulting sea-level and temp change can have significant impacts on both coastal and inland wetlands. In coastal wetlands, the sea level rise could result in an increase of inundation, erosion and saltwater intrusion. Wetlands will be trapped between a rising sea and protected dry land. Inland wetlands will be affected mostly by temperature rise, which will affect the production and function of inland wetlands. In the tundra, melting of permafrost will destroy the wetlands. A decrease/increase in evapotransporation will affect the flooding of inland wetlands.