3週日本語の文法4

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Author:
kcash92
ID:
210476
Filename:
3週日本語の文法4
Updated:
2013-03-31 05:08:15
Tags:
文法、日本語、JLPTN2
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Description:
文法、日本語、JLPTN2
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  1. ところ
    At time/situation A

    いadj/Nの/Vた/Vている/Vていた+ところ/ところ+に/へ/を/だ*

    お忙しいところ(を)すみません。

    =今忙しいのに

    会いたいと思ていたところです。

    =今ちょうど思っていました

    • *に is used to show that something happens during/at that situation.
    • へ, which typically shows direction, can show something going/coming to that situation.
    • を treats the phrase as a noun that can be acted on
  2. たところ
    When A, B

    Vた+ところ

    • 病院で検査したところ、異常はなかった。
    • When I was examined at the hospital, there were no signs of any problems.
    • =検査してみたら
    • けんさ

    • 駅に問い合わせたところ、忘れ物は届いていた
    • When I asked the station, the thing that I had forgotten had been turned in. 
    • =問い合わせてみたら
    • といあわせ
    • とどいていた
  3. どころではない
    Because of A I can't do B

    • 工場で火事があり、仕事どころではなかった。
    • Because of the fire at the factory, I had to put my work aside
    • =仕事をする状態ではなかった
    • こうじょう
    • じょうたい

    • 風邪はひどくて、遊びにいくどころじゃない。
    • My cold is so bad, that I cant think about going out. 
    • =遊びに行く、状態じゃない
  4. どころか
    • To say nothing of A, far from A, much less A, let alone A
    • This is often used to show the extremity of a situation; while the listening might think of A, it's actually far worse.

    • 「夏休みは取れそう?」
    • 「忙しくて夏休みどころか日曜日も休めないよ。」
    • 「そう。うちの会社は忙しいどころか仕事がなくて困っているんだ。」
    • "Do you think you can take some days off for a summer break?"
    • "I'm so busy. I can't take sundays off, let alone take a summer break."
    • "Really? In my case, it's the opposite. My company doesn't have enough work." 
    • =忙しいなんてとんでもない

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