A model that describes the behavior of ideal gases in terms of tiny particles that are in constant, random motion.
The volume, V, occupied by a sample of gas is inversely proportional to pressure,P, at constant temperature.
P1V1 = P2V2
The volume, V, occupied by a sample of gas is directly proportional to its Kelvin temperature, T, at constant pressure.
V1/T1 = V2/T2
Gay Lussac's Law
For sample of gas with a constant volume, its pressure, P, is directly proportional to its Kelvin temperature, T.P1/T1 = P2/T2
The process by which molecules of a volatile liquid break away or escape and go into the gas.
The conversion of a vapor to a liquid by cooling the vapor.
Vapors are gasses..
condensation is a liquid or solid formed from a gas cooling off...
F = 9/5 C +32 K = C +273
C = 5/9 (F - 32) C = K - 273
A system in which one or more substances are uniformly and homogeneously mixed or dissolved in another substance.
One of the components of a solution - the substance which has been dissolved.
one of the components of solution - The substance which does the dissolving.
Capable of being dissolved.
Usually expressed as the maximum number of grams of a substance solute which will dissolve in 100 grams of solvent at a definite temperature.
Contains a small of solute in comparison to the amount of solvent.
A solution which contains all the solute it can dissolve at a given temperature. (Rate of crystallization is equal to the rate of solution; an equilibrium has been reached).
Contains a large amount of solute in comparison to the amount of solvent.
All solution containing less solute than it could normally dissolve at a given temperature.
Any solution containing more solute than it can normally hold or dissolve at a given temperature.
Non - Miscible
A solution whose solute and solvent have a definite relationship. A 5% solution of sugar contains 5 grams of sugar for every 95 grams of water.
Contains one mole of solute per one liter of solution.
Contains one mole of solute dissolved in 1,000 grams of solvent.
Contains one gram-equivalent weight of solute in which sufficient solvent has been added to make a total of one liter of solution. the equivalent-weight is taken as the gram-molecular weight of the substance divided by the total positive valence number.
A nonuniform mixture of insoluble particles which slowly settle on standing. Suspensions are usually opaque and cloudy.
A suspension in which the suspended particles readily pass through ordinary filters and do not settle out on standing. Colloidal suspensions will reflect a powerful beam of light. This indication of the presence of colloid particles is called the Tyndall Effect.
A beam of light passing through a colloidal solution.
Ex. The light at the movie theater that originated from the projection booth and ends at the screen.
The Formation of ions from individual atoms.
The process whereby a chemical substance breaks up into simpler component parts (molecules or ions) when it melts or when it dissolves in a solvent.
The selective passage of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane.
the spontaneous mixing of gases at constant pressure.