Chief Part Four 3-31-13

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sdrake99
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210636
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Chief Part Four 3-31-13
Updated:
2014-07-30 22:22:09
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BSA 47
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Chief notes
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  1. What is the disadvantage of compressed air foam systems? 822
    The recharge time is too lengthy
  2. What are the 2 limiting factors of dry chemical agents on hydrocarbon fuel fires? 822
    • Limited throw range
    • Inability to provide effective cooling
  3. What is the standard application method for AFFF? 823
    The high flow roof turret
  4. What is the discharge gallonage for the high flow roof turret? 823
    500 to 1200 gallons a minute
  5. What is a disadvantage of the high flow roof turret? 823
    The high angle discharge can obscure the vision of the operator
  6. What can add a great deal of flexibility when compared to the standard roof Turret? 824
    Elevated waterways
  7. What is a much more effective and efficient on pool fires then roof mounted turrets? 825
    Low angle high flow turrets
  8. When dealing with fuselage fires NFPA 1500 says how many feet from the skin of an aircraft is an IDLH? 826
    75 feet
  9. When should the fire department IC be able to freely communicate with the aircraft commander? 828
    Once the aircraft is on the ground
  10. Who dictates airport ARFF requirements? 828 TQ
    FAA
  11. Are the FAA requirements mandatory? 828
    Yes
  12. Who is responsible for master planning the community? 1014
    The local government
  13. Which document guides the process? 1014
    The comprehensive plan
  14. What are the 3 phases of master planning? 1016 TQ
    • Preplanning
    • Planning
    • Implementation
  15. What are the 6 elements in the planning process? 1016
    • The mission statement
    • An environmental evaluation
    • Organizational factors
    • Objectives of the organization
    • Implementation of the objectives
    • The continuous review and evaluation
  16. What is the definition of long range planning? 1019
    The next 5 years
  17. What are the 6 variables that describe the community fingerprint? 1019 TQ
    • Demographics
    • Economics
    • Environment
    • Weather TQ
    • Culture
    • Ethnic influence
  18. What is one of the newest and most important factors to be considered in a community evaluation? 1020
    The environment
  19. What has been the largest focus of FEMA for many years? 1021
    To plan for flood disasters
  20. What are the 5 basic activities that pertain to good listening? 1024 TQ
    • Clarifying
    • Restating
    • Maintaining a neutral position
    • Reflecting
    • Summarizing
  21. What precludes local government from enforcing codes or standards that are either more or less restrictive that document adopted by the state? 1024
    Mini-Maxi code
  22. What are the 5 steps in risk analysis? 1026
    • The community's fire and emergency service system
    • The community at risk
    • The response capability
    • The unprotected risk
    • The strategies to consider
  23. What is the definition of a building that is unusually dangerous in terms of life loss or have a high potential for property damage? 1028
    A target hazard
  24. How are fire flow requirements always stated? 1029
    In gallons per minute (GPM)
  25. What are the 3 ways to reduce or eliminate unprotected risk? 1031 TQ
    • Education
    • Engineering
    • Enforcement
  26. What is defined as the level of unprotected risk with which the community is willing to live with? 1032
    Acceptable risk
  27. What is one of the final planning actions in the Risk analysis? 1032
    Examining the location of the existing fire stations
  28. What are the 3 basic types of data for station location analysis? 1033
    • The nature of the incidents experienced
    • The location of most fires
    • The response times to these locations
  29. Why should data analysis information be displayed in public meetings and other forms? 1035
    To inform the citizens of:

    • Unprotected risk
    • Protected risk
    • Acceptable risk
  30. What is considered to be the most important non-fire suppression activity a fire department can be involved in? 1037
    Fire prevention
  31. What are the 3 basic activities of fire prevention? 1038
    • Code enforcement
    • Public education
    • Fire investigation
  32. What is the fire prevention organizational mission? 1038
    To prevent fires and minimize losses
  33. What became a major code concern during the early 20th century? 1040
    Life safety
  34. In what time frame is fire prevention progress measured in? 1042
    Years, not months
  35. Who typically overseas code enforcement public education and investigations? 1044
    The chief of fire prevention
  36. What must Fire prevention personnel do to be certified or recertified under state standards? 1045
    Participate in a set number of hours of training as well as meet specific areas of proficiency
  37. What is an advantage of having fire protection engineers and technicians as part of your fire prevention organization? 1047
    Their expertise is helpful in the areas of plan reviews and inspections of complicated projects
  38. What is defined as a file of documents that are flagged for specific action at a future date? 1050
    "Tickler"? paper files
  39. What is typically the largest section of fire prevention? 1051
    Code enforcement
  40. What are 4 types of inspections? 1051 TQ
    • Site inspections during construction
    • Building shell
    • Certificate of occupancy
    • Licensing inspections of specific occupancies
  41. What must be in place when a building fire protection systems are temporary disabled? 1052
    Fire watches
  42. Legally, what usually outlines proper due process and warrant procedures? 1053
    State law
  43. What legally specifies what constitutes a fire code violation? 1053
    Local ordinances
  44. What dictates when a specific fire requirement must be met? 1054 TQ
    Fire codes
  45. What dictates how to meet a specific fire requirement? 1054 TQ
    Fire standards
  46. What is a "prescriptive" type code or standard? 1054
    One that explicitly spells out the requirements i.e. the wall will be made 2X6 Doug fir, spaced 16" apart
  47. What is a "performance" type code requirement? 1055
    • One that tells you what it must withstand
    • i.e. the wall must be able to withstand 2000lbs direct load and withstand winds of 30 knots
  48. Which is a more common standard, prescriptive code or the performance type code? 1055
    Today most codes have been prescriptive but this is changing
  49. What 3 organizations jointly prepares the uniform fire code? 1055
    • The International Fire Code Institute
    • Western Fire Chiefs
    • The International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO)
  50. How often are NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Codes and the International Fire Codes published? 1056
    Every 3 years
  51. What 2 types of codes should fire inspectors and plan reviewers be well-versed in? 1056
    Building codes and fire codes
  52. What are described as quality-of-life regulations 1057
    Zoning and subdivision regulations
  53. What 2 organizations prepare documents that influence fire prevention activities? 1058
    • Underwriter laboratories (UL)
    • Factory mutual (FM)
  54. What must happen before a code or standard can be enforced? 1058
    It must be adopted or referenced within the statute enacted by a government
  55. Who provides the authority to adopt fire regulations at the local level? 1058
    The state
  56. What type of code says you must meet the minimum requirements and cannot exceed the state codes requirement? 1058
    "Mini-Maxi? codes
  57. Once a jurisdiction has selected a particular fire code for adoption what do they do next? 1058
    Develop a set of amendments to meet local conditions
  58. Who in the community has the final say on the code and any amendments? 1059
    The governing board
  59. What is the only thing that will keep fire prevention inspectors proficient in technological advances? 1060
    Constant training
  60. Who's responsible for the investigations of fires and the determination of their cause? 1075
    The Fire Chief, but is usually delegated
  61. What should the Fire Chief consider when assigning people as origin and cause investigators? 1076
    That they obtain, State or National investigator certification
  62. What is widely accepted in the legal system as an authoritative reference for fire investigation? 1076
    NFPA 921 - Guide for fire and explosion investigations
  63. What is defined as the location where the material that is involved in ignition is exposed to a heat source? 1076
    The origin
  64. What is described as a room or area where the fire began? 1076
    The area of origin
  65. What is described as exact location where ignition occurred? 1076
    The point of origin
  66. What is described as the circumstances that allowed a fuel and heat source to come together at the point of ignition? 1076
    Fire cause
  67. What is describes as, the factors that influence the growth and travel of a fire beyond the point of origin? 1077
    Fire development
  68. What is the best method to determine the origin and cause of a fire? 1078
    A systematic process
  69. What is the NFPA recommended systematic process model called? 1078
    The scientific method
  70. What are the 6 steps of the systematic approach? 1078
    • Assignment/incident
    • Scene examination
    • Document and collect evidence
    • Analyze observations and findings
    • Determine the origin and cause
    • Report findings
  71. When should the fire investigator begin collecting information about the incident? 1079
    Upon being dispatched
  72. What consideration must be made early in the investigation phase of the incident? 1079 TQ
    The right of entry
  73. When fire conditions are present, does the fire department has to ask permission for right to entry into the property? 1079 TQ
    No
  74. The right to enter without permission when fire conditions are present is called? 1079
    Exigent circumstances
  75. When firefighters are operating at a fire scene and there's evidence in plain view, may it be sieged and used as evidence in a criminal trial? 107
    Yes
  76. Does a fire investigator have the right to enter the premises and collect evidence when exigent circumstances no longer exist and fire crews have left the scene?1079
    No, not without permission or a warrant
  77. To help preserve the scene what must be addressed early in the incident? 1079
    Scene security
  78. What 4 specific hazards should the fire investigator be alert for? 1080
    • Structural hazards
    • Hazardous atmospheres
    • Standing water
    • Building utilities
  79. How should the fire scene examination be conducted? 1081 TQ
    Beginning on the outside and then move into the building from the area of least damage to the point of origin
  80. Why should the investigator examine the outside of the building before conducting an interior survey? 1081 TQ
    Allows the investigator to observe the conditions of the structure including the location of most viable damage
  81. What part of the scene examination normally requires the most time? 1084
    The interior survey
  82. What does the bottom of the V pattern often point to? 1084
    The location of the initial flame in the area
  83. What may be the only opportunity for the investigator to gather information regarding the fire? 1086
    The scene examination
  84. What is defined as any physical or tangible item that plans to prove or disprove a particular fact or issue? 1086
    Physical evidence
  85. How can suppression personnel limit potential contamination of the scene? 1086
    By controlling the use of and refilling of gasoline powered equipment and by limiting foot traffic within the scene
  86. What (book/guide) is an excellent source of information on the collection and preservation of accelerant evidence? 1087
    A Pocket Guide to Accelerant Evidence Collection
  87. What is defined as loss, destruction, or material alteration of an object that is evidence in a legal proceeding? 1087
    Spoliation
  88. The process of reviewing available factual information and using it to make an origin cause determination is called? 1088
    Deductive Reasoning
  89. When an investigator uses factual evidence to help form an opinion that explains the origin and cause the fire is called? 1088
    Developing a hypothesis
  90. What are the 4 technical classifications used to describe fire causes? 1088
    • Accidental
    • Natural
    • Incendiary
    • Undetermined
  91. Should the term ?suspicious? be used as a cause? 1089
    No, it implies that the fire was set intentionally but lacks sufficient evidence
  92. What is one of the most important functions of the fire investigator? 1089
    Accurate reporting of the investigative findings
  93. If a body that is beyond medical assistance is found during fire suppression operations what should be done with the body? 1090
    The body should be left in place
  94. What 4 items should the investigator address on a fire fatality? 1090
    • Identity of the victim
    • Cause of death
    • Circumstances resulting in the death
    • The activities of the victim prior to during and after the ignition of the fire
  95. What NFPA standard provides the job performance requirements for investigators? 1092
    NFPA 1033 - Standards for professional qualifications for fire investigators

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