Micro II Exam 4

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Micro II Exam 4
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2013-04-02 16:07:09
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Micro II Exam 4
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  1. an order of oddly shaped bacteria
    Actinomycetales
  2. includes the genus Streptomyces
    Actinomycetales
  3. from which many antibiotics are formed
    StreptomycesActinomycetales
  4. a gram-positive organism

    considered to be filamentous (bacilli) in morphology
    Actinomyces israelii
  5. it resembles a fungus
    filamentous in morphology
  6. causes an endogenous infection called
    • Actinomycosis
    • Actinomyces israelii
  7. occurs when host resistance is lowered by trauma to the tissue

    often because of dental work or a blow to the face
    Actinomycosis

    Actinomyces israelii
  8. characterized by swelling and suppuration of the soft tissues of the face, jaw, and neck

    therefore the disease name ________ ________ in cattle
    Lumpy jaw

    Actinomycosis

    Actinomyces israelii
  9. forms small, yellow granules in the pus and in the walls of the abscesses

    called ____________ _____________
    Sulfur granules

    Actinomycosis

    Actinomyces israelii
  10. "Rice-water" stools
    • Asiatic cholera
    • Vibrio cholerae
  11. An intracellular Parasite(2)
    • Mycobacterium leprae
    • Mycobacterium avium
  12. A slender bacillus
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  13. A tuberculosis-like disease that affects immunocompromised individuals
    Mycobacterium avium
  14. An order of oddly shaped bacteria
    Actinomycetales
  15. Characterized by swelling and suppuration of the soft tissues of the face, jaw, and neck
    • Actinomycosis
    • Actinomyces israelii
    • "Lumpy jaw" in cattle
  16. Disease often a result of dental work or a blow to the face
    • Actinomycosis
    • Actinomyces israelii
    • "Lumpy jaw" in cattle
  17. Filamentous in morphology
    Actinomyces israelii
  18. Resembles a fungus
    Actinomyces israelii
  19. Wedge shaped
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  20. Club shaped
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  21. A pseudomembranous lesion
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  22. An accumulation of dead epithelial cells, fibrin, leukocytes and bacteria
    superficial lesion of Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  23. Death often occurs due to heart failure
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  24. Localizes in the pharynx
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  25. Must use the acid-fast stain for identification
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  26. Requires prolonged exposure to an infected host to contract the disease(2)
    • Mycobacterium avium
    • Mycobacterium leprae
  27. Affects the skin and peripheral nerves
    Mycobacterium leprae
  28. Forms large lesions with a loss of nerve sensation
    Mycobacterium leprae
  29. Comma-shaped
    Vibrio cholerae
  30. Positive "cholera-red" reaction
    Vibrio cholerae
  31. Found in contaminated shellfish(2)
    • Vibrio cholerae
    • Vibrio parahemolyticus
  32. Causes host to lose massive amounts of fluid and electrolytes
    • Asiatic cholera
    • Vibrio cholerae

  33. Disease produced by a potent exoenterotoxin
    • Asiatic cholera
    • Vibrio cholerae

  34. Produces a negative cholera-red reaction
    Vibrio parahemolyticus
  35. Requires a high concentration of salt to survive
    Vibrio parahemolyticus
  36. Causes a true infection....the bacteria actually causes the disease, not a toxin
    Vibrio parahemolyticus
  37. Considered a marine species
    Vibrio parahemolyticus
  38. Causes a severe gastroenteritis
    Vibrio parahemolyticus
  39. An intestinal normal flora organism of both wild and domestic animals
    Campylobacter jejuni
  40. Man is the only reservoir
    Treponema pallidum
  41. Transmitted via sexual contact
    Treponema pallidum
  42. Chancre
    a painless, raised, red spot

    primary syphilis

    Treponema pallidum
  43. The disease manifests in three distinct stages
    syphilis

    Treponema pallidum
  44. damage to the brain causing mental deterioration and paralysis
    • General paresis
    • Tertiary syphilis
    • Neurosyphilis
    • Treponema pallidum
  45. degeneration of the posterior part of the spinal cord
    • Tabes dorsalis
    • Tertiary syphilis
    • Neurosyphilis
    • Treponema pallidum
  46. The organism remains viable in a dead body for up to twenty-four hours if above five degrees
    Celsius
    Treponema pallidum
  47. Disease is characterized by repeating bouts of fever alternating with periods of no fever
    Borrelia recurrentis
  48. Pediculus humanus corporis
    • human body louse
    • transmits Borrelia recurrentis
  49. Ornithodorus
    • soft-bodied tick
    • transmits Borrelia hermsii, turicatae, parkeri
  50. Transmitted by the human body louse
    Borrelia recurrentis
  51. Causes a bull's eye type skin rash
    • Borrelia burgdorferi
    • Lyme disease
  52. Transmitted by the black-legged deer tick
    • Borrelia burgdorferi
    • Lyme disease
  53. Rarely fatal but may cause lifelong heart arrhythmia
    • Borrelia burgdorferi
    • Lyme disease
  54. Transmitted via exposure to rat urine
    Leptospira interrogans
  55. Has a characteristic hook shape resembling a question mark
    Leptospira interrogans
  56. Weil's disease
    • infectious jaundice
    • Leptospirosis
    • Leptospira interrogans
  57. Microaerophilic
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  58. Transmitted by a soft-bodied tick
    Borrelia hermsii, turicatee, parkeri
  59. May cause death within hours due to massive dehydration
    Vibrio Cholerae
  60. MAC
    Mycobacterium Avium Complex
  61. tuberculosis that affects a part of the body other than the lungs
    Miliary TB
  62. The exotoxin kills epithelial cells
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  63. The exotoxin blocks the synthesis of protein causing a form of paralysis
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae

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