Intro to Islam (PS2217a)

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witz
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210764
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Intro to Islam (PS2217a)
Updated:
2013-04-01 17:18:24
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Islam
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Key Terms for the USAWC Intro to Islam (PS2217a) class
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  1. What is a state of ignorance, particularly referring to the pre-Islamic era?
    jahiliyya
  2. submission; the religion of those who testify  "there is no deity but God, and Muhammad is His messenger
    Islam
  3. A person who believes in Islam
    Muslim
  4. oneness, unicity, unity; refers to the oneness of God
    tawhid
  5. polytheism, associating partners with God
    shirk
  6. the practice or way of Muhammad; his actions, teachings & deeds
    Sunna
  7. Muslim holy scripture, considered word of God received by Muhammad
    Quran
  8. verse (of the Quran); sign, miracle
    aya
  9. chapter (of the Quran)
    sura
  10. exegesis, interpretation (of the Quran)
    tafsir
  11. reason of revelation; context of revelation for Quran verse(s)
    occasion of revelation
  12. sayings and actions attributed to Muhammad
    Hadith
  13. largest branch of Islam; "those who follow the Sunna"; ca. 80% of Muslims
    Sunni
  14. second largest branch of Islam, acknowledge Ali and his ancestors as successors to Muhammad; ca. 20% of Muslims
    Shia
  15. one who follows mystical interpretations of the Quran and Islamic Tradition
    sufi
  16. those with a pre-Quran revelation, such as Jews or Christians
    People of the Book
  17. the community of respected Islamic scholars
    ulema
  18. a leader of prayer or an important scholar
    imam
  19. practice of one Muslim declaring another Muslim a non-believer or kafir
    takfir
  20. jurist
    faqih
  21. jurisprudence
    fiqh
  22. (Islamic) legal ruling
    fatwa
  23. person who issues a legal ruling
    mufti
  24. intellectual struggle to determine the will of God, independent reasoning
    ijtihad
  25. Reform; returning to Islam’s original message that has been distorted
    islah
  26. deriving law based on, seeking public interest or welfare
    maslaha
  27. overarching aims, goals, or purposes of religious law
    maqasid
  28. religious law derived from the Quran and the practice of Muhammad
    sharia
  29. internal struggle against evil impulses and behavior, or an externalstruggle (sometimes martial) against oppression
    jihad
  30. one who wages jihad
    mujahid
  31. Friday; communal gathering for ritual prayer, with sermon, middayFriday
    juma
  32. pilgrimage to Mecca (once in life if possible)
    hajj
  33. month of fasting in the lunar calendar of Islam
    Ramadan
  34. (ritual) prayer
    salat
  35. witness (to faith) = “there is no deity but God and Muhammad isHis messenger”
    shahada
  36. (ritual) alms, giving of charity
    zakat
  37. Five “Pillars” of Islam
    • hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca (once in life if possible)
    • Ramadan - month of fasting in the lunar calendar of Islam
    • salat (ritual) prayer
    • shahada witness (to faith) = “there is no deity but God and Muhammad is His messenger”
    • zakat - (ritual) alms, giving of charity

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