BIOL 404-Growth 4

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Author:
kyleannkelsey
ID:
210777
Filename:
BIOL 404-Growth 4
Updated:
2013-04-06 13:41:17
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BIOL 404 Growth
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BIOL 404-Growth 4
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  1. Calcitonin is produced by what cells of the thyroid?
    Parafollicular cells
  2. Thyroxine and Triidothyronine are produced by what Thyroid cells?
    Princpial cells
  3. How is Iodine transported into the thyroid follicle cell?
    Co-transport with Na
  4. TG stands for?
    Thyroglobulin
  5. Thyroglobulin (TG) is synthesized where?
    In the follicle cell
  6. After being synthesized in the follicle cell, TG is secreted where?
    To the colloid
  7. In teh colloid what happens to TG?
    It is bound to oxidized Iodine
  8. In teh colloid what happens to iodine?
    It is oxidized and bound to Tyrosine on TG 
  9. The iodinated tyrosine ring made in teh colloid is added to what?
    Anothe rring to creat a T3 ot T4
  10. Thyroid hormone is release due to:
    • Exercise
    • Cold exposure
    • Stress
  11. What does thyroid hormone cause?
    • metabolic rate
    • heat production
    • CHO and fat metabolism
  12. Metabolic rate, heat productiona dn CHO and lipid metabolism are regulated by what hormone?
    Thyroid hormone (thyroxine and T3)
  13. Throid hormone refers to what?
    Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)
  14. The adrenal gland has a primary function in response to what?
    stress
  15. The adrenal gland has two major components that re:
    the medulla and the cortex
  16. The adrenal cortex produces what hormone in repsonse to stress?
    Cortisol
  17. Cortisol is produced by what part o fthe adrenal gland?
    Cortex
  18. The cortex responds to what type of stress?
    Chronic
  19. Which part of the adrenal gland responds to chronic stress?
    cortex
  20. Chronic stress causes the adrenal gland to produce what hormone?
    Cortisol
  21. What does cortisol do in response to chronic stress?
    maintains blood glucose by stimulating gluconeogenesis from protein and fat?
  22. Cortisol stimulates the production of gluconeogenesis from what nutrients?
    protein and fat
  23. What part of the adrenal gland responds to acute stress?
    the medulla
  24. The adrenal medulla responds to what type of stress?
    acute
  25. The adrenal medulla produces what hormone
    Catecolamines
  26. What stimulation of the adrenal medulla causes the release of catecholamines?
    sympathetic stimulation
  27. Sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla causes what?
    The release of Catecholamines
  28. What do Catecholamines do?
    They are excitatory and stimulate CHO metabolsim and cardiac output
  29. What adrenal hormone causes CHO metabolism and increased cardiac output?
    Catecholamines
  30. Which adrenal cortx zone produces aldosterone?
    zona glomerulosa
  31. The zona glomerulosa of the adrenal gland produces what?
    Aldosterone
  32. the zona fasciculata produces what hormones in the adrenal cortex?
    Cortison and androgens
  33. androgens and cortisol are produced in what zone of the adrenal cortex?
    The Zona Fasciculata
  34. The zona reticularis of the adrenal cortex produces what?
    Cortisol and androgens
  35. What are the three zones of the adrenal cortex from most periphreal to most central?
    • zona glomerulosa
    • zona fasciculata
    • zona reticularis
  36. What are all the hormones produces in teh adrenal cortex?
    • Aldosterone
    • Cortisol
    • Androgens
  37. What specific hormones are produced in the adrenal medulla?
    Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
  38. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are what type of hormones?
    Catecholamines
  39. Catecholamines include what hormones?
    epinephrine and norepinephrine

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