Card Set Information

2013-04-01 20:12:09
test five

H.A. test five
Show Answers:

  1. acute glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the capillary loops of the renal glomeruli
  2. acute pancreatitis
    any acute inflammatory process in which release of pancreatic enzymes result sin glandular autodegenstion
  3. acute renal failure
    sudden impairment of renal function over hours to days, resulting in an acute uremic episode
  4. ascites
    accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
  5. ballottement
    palpation technique used to assess a floating mass
  6. biliary atresia
    congenital obstruction or absence of some or all of the bile duct system
  7. borborygmi
    rumbling or gurgling noises produced by the movement of gas in the alimentary canal
  8. cholecystitis
    • inflammatory process of the gallbladder most commonly due to obstruction of the cystic duct from cholelithiasis
    • may be either acute or chronic
  9. cholelithiasis
    stone formation in the gallbladder that occurs when certain substances reach a high concentration in bile and produce crystals
  10. chronic pancreatitis
    chronic inflammatory process of the pancreas characterized by irreversible morphological changes
  11. cirrhosis
    a diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and alteration of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules
  12. colic
    spasmodic pains in the abdomen
  13. chrohn disease
    • chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect any part of the GI tract
    • produces ulceration, fibrosis, and malabsorption
    • terminal ileum and colon are the most common sites
  14. diarrhea
    frequent liquid or loose stols less than 4 weeks duration
  15. diverticular disease
    disease characterized by the presence of saclike mucosal out-pouching through colonic muscle
  16. duodenal ulcer
    chronic circumscribed break in the duodenal mucosa that scars with healing
  17. fecal incontinence
    • inability to control bowel movement
    • leading to leakage of stool
  18. GERDs
    backward flow of gastric contents, which are typically acidic, into the esophagus
  19. hemolytic uremic syndrome
    traid of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and uremia
  20. hepatits
    inflammatory process of the liver characterized by diffuse or patchy hepatocellular necrosis, usually caused by viral infection
  21. hiatal hernia with esophagitis
    condition in which part of the stomach passes through the esophageal hiatus in the diaphragm and into the chest cavity
  22. hirschsprung disease
    primary absence of parasympathetic ganglion cells in a segment of the colon, interrupting intestinal motility
  23. hydronephrosis
    dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces due to an obstruction of urine flow anywhere from the urethral meatus to the kidneys
  24. intussusception
    prolapse or telescoping of one segment of intestine into another, causing intestinal obstruction
  25. irritable bowel syndrome
    disorder of intestinal motility
  26. lipase
    enzyme that acts on emulsified fat
  27. meconium ileus
    distal intestinal obstructions caused by thick inspissated impacted meconium in the lower intestine of infants
  28. meckel diverticulum
    outpouching of the ileum that varies in size from a small appendiceal process to a segment of bowel several inches long
  29. mesentery
    fan-shaped fold of peritoneum that anchors small intestine to the abdominal wall
  30. necrotizing enterocolitis
    inflammatory disease of the GI mucosa associated with prematurity and immaturity of the GI tract
  31. neuroblastoma
    common solid malignancy of embryonal origin in the peripheral sympathetic nervous system
  32. nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    • spectrum of hepatic disorders ranging from steatosis to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma
    • doesn't involve excessive alcohol use
  33. pepsin
    enzyme that acts to digest protein
  34. peristalsis
    muscular contractions that move the products of digestion through the alimentary canal
  35. peritoneum
    serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity
  36. primary hepatocellular carcinoma
    malignant disease of the liver that frequently arises in the setting of cirrhosis, approximately 20 to 30 years after liver injury or disease onset
  37. pylonephritis
    infection of the kidney and renal pelvis
  38. pyloric stenosis
    hypertrophy of the circular muscle of the pylorus, which leads to obstruction of the pyloric sphincter
  39. pylorus
    distal section of the stomach
  40. reflux
    backflow caused by relaxation or incompetence of the lower esophagus
  41. renal abcess
    localized infection within the medulla or cortex of the kidney
  42. renal calculi
    • stones formed in the pelvis of the kidney as a result of a physiochemical process
    • associated with obstruction and infections of the urinary tract
  43. resonance
    sound obtained on percussion of a body part that can vibrate freely
  44. scaphoid abdomen
    sign that suggests diaphragmatic hernia in the newborn
  45. striae
    commonly known as "stretch marks"
  46. tympany
    low-pitched, resonant, drumlike sound obtained by percussing the surface of a large, air-containing body space
  47. volvulus
    twisting of the intestine, resulting in obstruction
  48. wilms tumor (nephroblastoma)
    • intraabdominal tumor of childhood
    • usually occurs around 2 to 3 years of age