Patho quiz 12

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  1. brain stem controls?
    heart rate, respiration rate, sleep and wakefulness, integration of eye movements
  2. choroid plexus
    secretes the cerebrospinal fluid
  3. oligodendroglia
    manufacture and maintain myelin sheath
  4. Electroencephalogram (EEG)
    device for evaluating electrical activity simultaneously in various areas of the brain
  5. meninomyelocele
    spinal cord and meninges protrude into the skin of the back
  6. spina bifida
    posterior arches and spines of some vertebrae are absent
  7. anencephaly
    severe malformation in which the entire forebrain is missing
  8. meningitis
    inflammation of the pia-arachnoid and most often caused by bacteria
  9. acute meningitis findings
    cerebrospinal fluid findings of neurtrophilic leukocytes, decreased glucose, and presence of organisms
  10. encephalitis
    more or less diffuse inflammation of the brain
  11. myelitis
    infection of the spinal cord
  12. concussion
    • momentary loss of consciousness and loss of reflexes
    • no structural damage
  13. contusion
    bruises on the surface of the rain sustained at the time of impact
  14. epidural hematoma
    occur between the dura and the skull
  15. subdural hematoma
    collection of blood beneath the dura
  16. multiple sclerosis
    focal loss of the myelin sheath
  17. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
    prions that cause brain degeneration
  18. senile dementia
    older persons who have poor memory of recent events, pick at cloths, get lost easily, irritable
  19. dementia
    decrease in cognitive function, usually accompanied by loss of memory for recent events
  20. alzheimer disease
    silver-staining neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid findings
  21. parkinson disease
    degeneration of certain portions of the extrapyramidal (involuntary) motor system
  22. hydrocephalus
    ventricles enlarge secondarily to a block in the flow of the cerebrospinal fluid at some level
  23. epilepsy
    recurrent seizures
  24. trophic hormone
    • produced by anterior pituitary¬†
    • stimulate growth and development of other tissues
  25. oxytocin
    stimulates uterine contractions
  26. vasopressin
    regulates blood pressure
  27. hypoglycemia results in?
    hunger, pallor, shakiness, and decreased ability to perform mental tasks
  28. panhypopituitarism
    destruction of the anterior pituitary gland
  29. grave disease
    stimulation of the thyroid by an antibody that mimics TSH by binding to the receptor and inducing the release of hormone
  30. myxedema
    doughy edema associated with prolonged hypothyroidism
  31. cushing syndrome
    result in excess corticosteroids, predominantly glucocorticoids
  32. diabetes mellitus
    persistent state of hyperglycemia and loss of glucose homeostasis
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Patho quiz 12
2013-04-02 18:34:26

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