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THEME 3: Revolution of 1848
Revolution of 1848: What was the Revolution of 1848? Discuss the origins of the French and others, and also why some countries England and Russia did not have revolutions? (MQ)
- main question
- no answer required
where did revolutions take place?
- but mainly in the west.
- france, germany, and austria
- NOT England and Russia
what was the cause of revolutions in France?
- a. Bourgeois (social middle class) liberals wanted to defend the privileges they had under the FR
- b. Struggle for no property requirements/ qualifications in voting
- c. Surge in population (maybe because of industrialization)
- d. National feelings increased
- i. Human and workers’ rights
- e. Basically: population growth, commercial or industrial progress, urbanizations, and national feelings
what stages do you see in the rise of Louis napoleon Bonaparte in becoming Nap the III
what were the driving forces in the French Revolution of 1848?
what were the driving forces int eh eastern European Revolutions in 1848?
why didnt Russia or England have revolutions?
a. Because they didn’t have a bourgeois class. No middle class
what was the Revolution of 1848 taken all together?
where did revolutions take place?
what were the cause of revolution in France?
what stages do you see in the rise of Louis Nap becoming Nap III
what were the driving forces in the Eastern European Revolutions in 1848?
How where the causes different as one moved from the Atlantic coast of Europe East to Prussia and Austria?
explain why were there not revolutions in russia and great britain in 1848?
THEME 4: ROMANTIC NATIONALISM
What is it? How does it emerge in Europe and effect the Europe and the Atlantic world through 1870?
what role did the french revoltuion (1789-99) play in the birth of modern nationalism in Europe?
what did the age of Nap contribute to the progress of political evolution of nationalism?
in regard to nationalism, what was the Congress of Vienna and the reaction and what were the consequences of both?
what was the effect on latin america, mexico, the islands, italy, greece, and elsewhere?
what examples of nationalism revolt are there from 1815 -01984?
explain how bismark and cavour unified their countries up to the Franco-Prussian War
how does this all help create the modern authoritarian sate?
what role does it play in Europe and the Atlantic world to 1870?
What were the causes of the out break of WWI? (MQ)
what were the remote causes?
- a. Nationalism
- b. Imperialism
- c. Militarism
- d. Alliance system
- e. Alliances
- f. Mass Media
- a. Nationalism: common background bringing you together
- i. Wanting to be ruled by your own people
- ii. Small and large state nationalism
- iii. Reactive nationalism emerges in response to invasions or imperialism
- iv. Rule themselves
- v. Cultural leads to political
- a. desire of one group to impose control over another group for first group
- i. Consumed industrialization and other nations reached out to dominate rest of the world
- ii. Competition among nations over colonies
- iii. Increase tension
- a. Militarism: aggressive military force is instrument of national policy
- i. Great rewards at minimum cost
- ii. Nap wars forgotten
- a. system of alliances set up by Bismarck which isolated France
- i. Williams II removed Bismarck
- ii. Alliance system collapsed
- iii. System of two computing alliances emerged
- i. Dual alliance of Germany and Austria
- ii. Triple alliance of Italy, Germany, and Austria
- iii. Franco-Russian Alliance
- iv. English and French alliance
- v. These alliances, sometimes secret, caused that when one person got attached it was forced that the other would be defended
- a. Mass Media: newspaper brought on all these lies
- i. Shaped public opinion rapidly
- ii. No standard objective in newspaper
how and what did each of these remote causes of the war contribute to the circumstances that contributed to the outbreak of war?
what were the proximate causes of the war and what did they contribute to the outbreak of the war in 1914?
- a. Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905
- i. Japan industrialized, and destroys Russian fleet easily
- ii. Helps Russia and England resolve differences
- b. March- First Moroccan Crisis
- i. William II speech intended to split England and France.
- ii. England and France are drawn closer together
- c. First Balkans Crisis
- i. Turkey and Bosnia
- ii. ?
- d. Second Moroccan Crisis
- e. Turco-Italian War
- f. First Balkans War
- g. Second Balkans War
- h. The Arms race
- i. Building of capital ships
what was the immediate cause of the war
- a. Assassination of Arch Duke Franz of Austria by Serbian terrorist.
- b. Bosnian student- Gavrilo Princip
how did it contribute to the outbreak fo the war?
- a. National background of victim and
- murder were explosive combination