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What was Rock-n-Roll music?
- Defined characteristic for a generation
- With Tv and Film, play a important role inventing teens as a commercial and cultural identity
- Facilitated market from racial to generational
- Made use of cover songs
Who was a non performer?
What did he do?
- -Invented term "Rock-n-Roll"
- -Promoted black bands playing to an integrated audience
- -Career destroyed by "Payola" scandel
What was the role of songwriters and producers?
How were the role of producers more important.
Increasing number of performers didn't write their own songs
- -Responsible for characteristic "sound" of the recording
- -Lieber and Stoller: important songwriting/producing team
- --Wrote many hits for bands like the Coasters and Elvis
Name three early Rock-n-Roll/R&B artists.
- Chuck Berry
- Little Richard
- Fats Domino
Who was Chuck berry?
- Celebrated teenage culture
- Greatest R&R influence on musicians
- -(Clever lyrics and quality songwriter)
- -(Fine vocalist/Pioneering guitarist)
Who was Little Richard?
- Known for visual flamboyance
- Appered in movies (corss marketing)
- Sexually ambiguos identity
- Falsetto singing, uptempo songs, Boogie Woogie influenced piano style
Who was Fats Domino?
- 2nd best selling artist of 50's
- Establish R&B performer before R&R became mainstream
- New Orleans regional style
- Jazz and Boogie Woogie influenced
- Cover TPA standards
Name 3 Rock-n-Roll/Country artists.
- Bill Haley
- Elvis Presley
- Buddy Holly
Who was Bill Haley?
- Began Career as Western Swing band leader
- Changed style and image to increase marketability
- "Rock around the Clock" was thier most important hit
Who was Elvis Presley?
- Most popular R&R/Country artist
- Began career on independent label (Sun), later major label (RCA)
Who help Elvis's mainstream success and how?
- Chet Atkin: Producer who developed "Nashvill Sound"
- Col. Thomas parker: Managed public image
Who was Buddy Holly?
- Clean-cut image contrasted with Elvis
- Began as a country artist, later moved into R&R
- Died in famous plane crash that killed Ritchie Valens and the Big Bopper
- Influential song writer whose songs were recorded by later artist
- Used new studio techniques like double-tracking
Who implemented Folk music in the age of R&R?
What did he do?
- Continued tradition of groups like the Weavers
- Featured acoustic,smooth,pop style recordings of folk songs
- Helped maintain popularity of the L.P
- -Dominated LP sales in the 50's
- -Had a few hit singles, but #1 hit was "Tom Dooley"
- -Known for optimistic, less introspective style
- - Contrasts with Weaver and later folks artists like Dylan