Chapter 30 Nursing

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Disher35
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211062
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Chapter 30 Nursing
Updated:
2013-04-02 21:44:48
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Physical Assessment
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!st Semester Nursing Physical Assessment
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  1. mydrasis
    Enlarged pupils
  2. Myopia
    Near sighted
  3. Normocephalic
    Normal head size
  4. Nystagmus
    Rapid involuntary rhythmic eye movement
  5. One point discrimination
    Ability to sense if one point on skin is being stimulated by pressure
  6. Ossicles
    The bones of sound transition
  7. Otoscope
    Instrument for the examination of inner ear
  8. Pallor
    Result of inadequate circulating blood and subsequent reduction in tissue oxygen
  9. Palpating
    Examination of body using touch
  10. Parotitis
    Inflammation of the parotid salivary gland
  11. Periodontal disease
    Pyorrhea
  12. Percussion
    The act of striking the body's surface to elicit sounds or vibrations
  13. Perfusion
    Bloody supply to a are
  14. Perrla
    Pupils equally round and react to light and accommodation
  15. Pinna
    Auricle
  16. Pitch
    He frequency of vibration
  17. Plaque
    Invisible soft film that ad hears to the enamel surface of teeth
  18. Pleximeter
    The object placed against a body area and struck to elicit sound during percussion
  19. Plexor
    The finger used to strike the pleximeter
  20. Precordium
    Area of the chest overlaying the heart
  21. Presbyopia
    Loss of elasticity of the lens and thus loss of ability to see close objects
  22. Proprioceptors
    Sensory nerve terminals that give info about movements and position of the body
  23. Pyorrhea
    Characterized by gingivitis, bleeding, receding, gum lines formation of pockets between teeth and gums
  24. Quality
    Subjective description of a sound
  25. Resonance
    Hollow sound elicited by percussion
  26. S1/S2
    The first heart sound occurs whenAV valves close

    Made when the semi lunar valves close
  27. Sensorineural hearing loss
    Results from damage to the inner ear, auditory nerve or the hearing center of the brain
  28. Sordes
    Accumulation of foul matter on the teeth and gums
  29. Stapes
    The stirrup shaped bone of the ear
  30. Stereo gnosis
    The act of recognizing object by touching and manipulating them
  31. Strabismus
    Cross eye
  32. Systole
    Period in which the ventricles contract
  33. Tartar
    Visible and hard deposits of plaque and dead bacteria that forms at gum lines
  34. Thrill
    A vibrating sensation like the purring of acts or the h2o running through the hose
  35. Tragus
    The cartilaginous protrusion at entrance to the ear canal
  36. Tremor / Resting Tremor
    An involuntary trembling of a limb or body part

    Diminishes with activity more apparent when client is at rest
  37. Triangular Fossa
    A depression in the antihelix
  38. Two point discrimination
    The ability to sense wether 1 or 2 area of the skin are being stimulated by pressure
  39. Tympanic membrane
    Eardrum
  40. Tympani
    Musical or drum like sound produced from an air filled stomach. Produced like least dense tissue
  41. Vestibule
    An organ in the inner ear that works with the semi circular canals to maintain equilibrium
  42. Visual acuity
    The degree of detail the eye can discern in an image
  43. Visual fields
    The area in which an individual can see when looking straight ahead
  44. Vitiligo
    Patches of hypo pigmented ski caused by destruction of melanocytes
  45. Mixed hearing loss
    Combination of conduction and sensorineural loss
  46. Miosis
    Constrictedpupils
  47. Mastoid
    Bony prominence behind the ear
  48. Manubrium
    The hand like superior part of the sternum that joins with the clavical
  49. Malleus
    Hammer in the inner ear
  50. Lobule
    Earlibe
  51. Lift
    Refer to a raising along the sternal border with each heartbeat
  52. Jaundice
    A yellowish tinge
  53. Intention tremor
    Becomes more apparent when an individual attempts a voluntary movement
  54. Intensity
    Refers to the loudness or softness of a sound
  55. Inspection
    Visual examination
  56. Incus
    1 of e 3 bones in the inner ear, also known as the Anvil
  57. Hyperresonance
    An abnormal booming sound or percussion often over an emphysematous loung
  58. Hyperopia
    Far sighted
  59. Hordeloum
    Redness,swelling,and tenderness of the hair follicle and glands that empty at the edge of the eyelids
  60. Hernia
    A protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal wall or canal
  61. Helix
    The posterior curve of the auricle a upper aspect
  62. Goniometer
    A device that measures the angle of the joint in degrees
  63. Glossitis
    Inflammation of the tongue
  64. Glaucoma
    A disturbance in the circulation of aqueous fluid which increases intraoccular pressure
  65. Gingivitis
    Red, swollen gums
  66. Fremitus
    Faintly perceptible vibration
  67. Flatness
    Extremely dull sounds produced by very dense tissue such as muscle or bone
  68. Fascicultation
    An abnormal contraction of a bundle of muscle fibers that appears as a twitch
  69. Extinction
    Failure to perceive touch on 1 side of the body when 2 symmetric areas of the body are touched simultaneously
  70. External auditory meatus
    Entrance to war canal
  71. Exophthalmos
    Protrusion of the eye balls with elevation of the upper eyelid
  72. Eustachian tube
    Connects middle ear to nasal pharynx
  73. Erythema
    Skin redness
  74. Edema
    The presence of excess interstitial fluid
  75. Duration
    Length
  76. Dullness
    Thud-like sound produced by dense tissue (liver,spleen, or heart)
  77. Diastole
    Period when the ventricle relaxes
  78. Dacryocystitis
    Inflammation of the lacrimal sac
  79. Cyanosis
    A bluish tinge
  80. Conjuctivitis
    Inflammation of the bulbar and pallperbral conjunctiva
  81. Conductive hearing loss
    Result of interrupted transmission of sound waves thru the outer and middle ear structures
  82. Cochlea
    A sea shell shaped structure found in the inner ear
  83. Clubbing
    Condition in which the angle between nail bed is 190 degrees
  84. Cerumen
    Ear wax
  85. Cataract
    Opacity of lenses or its capsule
  86. Caries
    Cavities
  87. Bruit
    A blowing or swishing sound
  88. Blanch test
    Carried out to test peripheral circulation
  89. Auscultation
    Listening to sounds produced within body
  90. Auricle
    The part of ear that includes the lobule, helix, anti-helix,tragus,triangular, fossa and external auditory,meatus
  91. Astigmatism
    An uneven curvature of the cornea
  92. Aphasia
    Any defect in or loss of the power to express oneself by speech, writing, or signs or to comprehend spoken or written language
  93. Ant-helix
    Anterior curve of the auricles upper aspect
  94. Angle of Louis
    Junction between body of sternum and manubrium
  95. Alopecia
    Hair loss
  96. Adventitious breath sounds
    Abnormal breath sounds
  97. A B C D
    • Asymmetry = both sides equal
    • Border = defined border is good
    • Colors = 1 color is better than 2
    • Diameter = Is it growing

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