Cranial Nerves

Card Set Information

Author:
Disher35
ID:
211063
Filename:
Cranial Nerves
Updated:
2013-04-02 21:46:39
Tags:
Cranial Nerves
Folders:

Description:
Nerves control your body
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Disher35 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Nerve # 1
    Olfactory

    Sensory

    Smell

    Ask client to close eyes and identify different mild aromas, such as coffee, vanilla, peanut butter, orange/lemon, choclate
  2. Nerve # 2
    Optic

    Sensory

    Vision and Visual Fields

    Ask client to read the Snellen-type chart; check visual fields by confrontation, and conduct an opthalmoscopic examination
  3. Nerves # 3
    Oculomotor

    Motor

    Extra ocular eye movement (EOM) movement of the sphincter of pupil; movement of cilary muscles of lens

    Asses six ocuar movements
  4. Nerve # 4
    Trochlear

    Motor

    EOM specifically moves eyeballl downward and laterally

    Assess six ocular movements
  5. Nerve # 5
    Trigeminal (Opthalmic Branch)

    Sensory

    Sensation of cornea ], skin of face and nasal mucosa

    While client looks upward, lightly touch the later sclera of the eye with sterile gauze to elicit blink reflex. To test light sensation, have client close eyes, wipe a wisp of cotton over clients forehead and paranasal sinuses. To test deep sensation, use altering blunt and sharp ends of a safety pin over same area

    • (Maxillary Branch)
    • Sensory

    Sensation of skin of face and anterior oral cavity (tongue and teeth)

    Assess skin sensations as for opthalmic branch above

    • (Mandibular Branch)
    • Motor and Sensory

    Muscles of mastication; sensation of skin of face

    Ask Client to clench teeth
  6. Nerve # 6
    Abducens

    Motor

    EOM; moves eye laterally

    Assess directions of gaze
  7. Nerve # 7
    Facial

    Motor and Sensory

    Facial expressions; taste (anterior 2/3 of tongue)

    Ask client to smile, raise the eyebrows, frown, puff out cheeks, close eyes tightly. Ask client to identify various tastes placed on tip and sides of tongue: sugar (sweet) salt, lemon juice (sour) and quinine (bitter); identify areas of taste
  8. Never # 8
    Auditory

    (Vestibular Branch) = Sensory

    Equilibrium use Romberg Test

    (Cochlear Branch) = Sensory

    Hearing, Assess clients ability to hear spoken word and vibrations of tuning fork
  9. Nerve # 9
    Glossopharyngeal

    Motor and Sensory

    Swallowing ability, tongue movement, taste (posterior)

    Apply tastes on posterior tongue for identification. Ask client to move tongue from side to side and up and down
  10. Nerve #10
    Vagus

    Motor and Sensory

    Sensation of pharynx and larynx; swallowing, vocal cord movement

    Assessed with cranial nerve IX; assess clients speech for hoarsness
  11. Nerve # 11
    Accessory

    Motor

    Head movement; shrugging of shoulders

    Ask client to shrug shoulders against resistance from you hands and turn head to side against resistance from your hand (repeat for other side)
  12. Nerve # 12
    Hypoglossal

    Motor

    Protrusion on tongue; moves tongue up and down and side to side

    Ask client to protrude tongue at midline, then move it side to side

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview