Card Set Information
When is a chronic disability manifested
Before age 22
What is a chronic disability
limits 3 or more areas of major life activity
Period of institutionalization
Started off doing treatment but turned into warehouses
How Did Change Begin to Happen ?
In the 1950’s and 60’s
: parent groups, research and training, increased public awareness
In the 70's- right to education cases (parents suing for childrens rights)
All children guaranteed Free appropriate education
What was section 504 for?
Serves those who are NOT eligible under the stricter diagnostic categories of IDEA (only if their disability substantially limits educational performance)
What is not being able to walk an example of?
What is not able to go to the store an example of?
What is "muscle tone problems" an example of?
What would Cerebral Palsy an example of?
What is a pediatric communication disorder?
Abnormal/atypical acquisition, comprehension, or use of communication and/or language.
Write a brief definition of Communication
Message must be sent
Must have intent
and must be received
Provide a synonym for expressive
provide a synonym for receptive
Which area, receptive or expressive, is typically stronger and develops first?
Define- meaning, content (vocabulary)
Word retrieval problems may be due to a _____________ deficit
Poor word association skills may be due to a ___________ deficit
Difficulty with figurative language would be an example of a __________ deficit.
the smallest unit of meaning
Inflection or marker errors would be an example of a _________ deficit.
He walk home last night-- is what type of error
How sentences are ordered and structured.
Word order errors would be an example of a ___________ deficit
knowing what to do with what you've got
What is known as the "boy scout rules of language"
Difficulty with turn taking would be an example of a __________ deficit.
Reduced communicative intent is an example of a _________ deficit.
Error in the acquisition or use of sounds of speech
____________ disorders are more motor-based in origin
Disorders that are language based and follow rules or processes that result in errors
What causes speech disorders?
Either a physiological problem/disorder
a speech/language specific disorder
Age for Early Intervention Programs
Age for Early Childhood Programs
Characteristics of Early Intervention Programs
IFSP (individualized family service plan)
Family centered services
Provided in natural family environment
Part C of IDEA
Characteristics of Early Childhood Programs
IEP (individualized education plan)
Service delivered in the school
Less family input
How do we assess an infant?
Watching the child play- do not give them an assessment
Receiving a message + sensory input + processing=
development of cognition, play, communication, social/emotional attachment
(creates a need to communicate)
When is the best time for baby to receive input?
when the baby is quiet alert
can also receive when active alert- but may be distracted
When does baby Attend to human voice, looks at speaker
When does baby localize sound
When a baby begins to connect sensory to the meaning
to name or environmental sounds
Response (4-6 months)
When does a baby attach meaning to sounds
When does baby attach meaning to words
When does baby have single word understanding
Comprehension of words with cues and routines
-9 to 11 months
Comprehension of words without cues
When does a child pat pictures in a book
When does a child point to common object when named
when does child Follow one-stage command
4 body parts
in vs out
point to 5+ pictures
Non-standard (non-verbal) but intentional and meaningful
Formalized language (words)
based on a normal developmental sequence; activity-based; occurring in the natural environment-preferred mode of intervention
based on selection of specific targets taught in a structured stimulus-response mode
using behavioral approaches (limited generalization, but may be of use in
Awareness and response
Response to words
Express intent (illocutaion)
Use of single words and combinations (locution)
directing babys gaze
Dont get enough, need to ask for more
give child something enticing with screwed bowl
forget to do something
stir with your shoe
goal is to model language
goal is to model language
clinician expands child's utterance to make it gramatically and semantically correct
increase sentence length
5 tools for parents
1. talk to your child
2. tempt your child to communicate
3. play with your child
4. read with your child
5. respond to your child
When are simple one step commands developed
When are One step commands involving more
When are two item commands developed
What is: Go get you coat and put it on; Get Mommy’s coat and put it on the chair
2 parts command related
What is: Put the ball in the box and give me the shoe
2 part command unrelated
What is: Get the big, blue ball
one part command with 2 or more critical elements
What is: Get the big, blue ball beside the red chair
multiple critical elements
what is: Put the ball in the cup, touch your shoe, and jump up
3 step command unrealted
What is: First touch the picture of the ball, then the car; Touch the picture of the hat,
after I touch the elephant; Touch only the hats that are red; The man under the
tree is sitting down.
Syntactiacally complex command