nutrition

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Author:
cheerios258
ID:
211084
Filename:
nutrition
Updated:
2013-04-02 23:35:32
Tags:
energy
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Description:
alcohol and energy
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  1. What is energy equilibrium?
    intake = output
  2. What does it mean to have a positive energy balance?
    You intake more than you output which leads to gaining weight.
  3. What does it mean to have a negative energy balance?
    intake is less than output so you lose weight
  4. What is Satiety?
    it's the signal that tells when you are ready to eat again. (how long you can go before you need to eat again)
  5. Which hormone tells you "I'm full"
    Leptin
  6. What is Satiation?
    The signal that tells you to stop eating
  7. What is one way to be able to dect Satiation more easily?
    eat slower
  8. Which hormone is released for appetite of eating?
    Ghrelin
  9. What is an external cue that may create a desire to eat?
    A. time of day
    B. leptin
    C. Ghrelin
    A. time of day
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What is an internal cue that tells you that you are ready to eat?
    GI
  11. What does neuropeptude Y do?
    It is a neurotransmitter that is an internal factor telling you to eat.
  12. What does REE stand for?
    Resting Energy Expenditure
  13. What is Theric Effect of Food?
    resting energy expenditure(REE) + physical activity
  14. What does TEE stand for?
    Total Energy Expenditure
  15. What does EER stand for?
    Estimated Energy Expenditure
  16. A person with a BMI >18 is considered what?
    underweight
  17. What BMI tells a normal weight?
    18<n>25
  18. A person with a BMI of >30kg/m^2 is considered to have what kind of weight?
    obese
  19. To be overweight what BMI would you have?
    25<n>30
  20. What is GYNOID obesity?
    excess fat in hips and thighs (pear)
  21. What is Android obesity?
    excess fat around abdomen (apple)
  22. What are the 3 main reasons to consume alcohol?
    • 1. buzz
    • 2. protection
    • 3. pain
  23. Of REE, EPA and TEF which one is easiest to impact?
    A) REE
    B) TEF
    C) You cannot change any of them much
    D) EPA
    D) EPA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What is the calorie deficit required to lose 3 lbs per week?  
    A) 14000
    B) 10500
    C) 7000
    D) 3500
    B) 10500
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. When you have a BMI of 24 you are classified as ________________.
    A) Underweight
    B) Obese
    C) Healthy Weight
    D) Overweight
    C) Healthy Weight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. If you lie in bed all day without getting up or eating, the amount of kcals you would burn in that day would be very close to your ________.
    A) TEE
    B) REE
    C) EPA
    D)  TEF
    B) REE
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. In comparison it is “healthier” to have which type of obesity?
    A) Android
    B) Gynoid
    C) Incomplete
    D) Total
    B) Gynoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A major problem with BMI as an assessment of body composition is which of the following?
    A) does not account for sex
    B) does not account for activity
    C)  does not account for age
    D)  does not take into account fat vs. lean tissue
    D)  does not take into account fat vs. lean tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Preventing people from getting hungry will prevent them from being obese.
    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  30. Where does alcohol absorption begin?
    A) Mouth
    B) Esophagus
    C) stomach
    D) small intestine  
    A) Mouth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. When you consume large amounts of alcohol the body resorts to which metabolic system?
    A) dehydrogenase system (DHS)
    B) microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS)
    C) hepatic system
    D) anhydrous system (AHS)
    B) microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. “Moderate” drinking is ________ drinks per day for men.
    A) 3
    B) 1
    C) 2
    D) 4
    C) 2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. All of the following are reasons humans have historically consumed alcohol except which?
    A) protection
    B) buzz
    C) nutrition
    D) pain relief
    C) nutrition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The type of alcohol we consume in wine is which __________?
    A) Taninol
    B) Ethanol
    C) Isopropol
    D) Methanol
    B) Ethanol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What are the two alcohol enzymes?
    • alchol dehydrogenase
    • aldehyde dehydrogenase
  36. What is MEOS?
    The faster way to break down alcohol when you consume too much. Also can lead to break down of other things like Ibprophen.
  37. What part of the brain is first affected by alcohol?
    the frontal cortext (decision making)
  38. What is the second part of the brain that is affected by alcohol?
    Motor control

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