Patient therapy 4/8/13

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RadTherapy
ID:
211292
Filename:
Patient therapy 4/8/13
Updated:
2013-04-03 20:28:59
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Patient Therapy test 13Drug Admin
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Patient Therapy 4/8/13 Drug Admin.
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  1. A substance that alters physiologic function with the potential for affecting health is called __?
    A Drug
  2. What is a drug that is administered for its therapeutic effects?
    Medication
  3. The Science of drugs, including sources. chemistry and actions of drugs is called ____?
    Pharmacology
  4. What 4 names does each dru have?
    • * chemical name
    • * generic name
    • * official name
    • * brand name
  5. The way in which drug affects the body is called __________
    pharmacodynamics
  6. The drug that attaches itself to a target site in the body is called a __________
    receptor site
  7. ______ is the way that drugs travel through the body to their appropropriate receptor sites
    pharmacokinetics
  8. ____ : process by which the body alters the chemical composition of a substance
    metabolism
  9. _____ : body excretes drugs and their by-products through the kidneys, lungs (gases) sweat glands, tear ducts, salivary glands, intestines, and mmammary glands.
    excretion
  10. Average doses are based on healthy ____ pound adults
    150
  11. _____ : are expected reactions to medications
    side effects
  12. ____ : are unexpected and range from mild to severe
    complications
  13. ______ : the drug acts as an antigen and the body develops antibodies to that drug.
    Can be a light rash to anaphylactic shock
    Allergic reaction
  14. _____ : body adapts to a drug, and requires greater doses to acheive the desired effect
    Tolerance
  15. _______ : relieve pain
    analgesics
  16. _____ : suppress sensation of feeling
    Annesthetics
  17. _____ - mild tranquilizers that helps calm anxious patients and relieve muscle spasms
    Anti-anxiety
  18. _______ : suppresses groeth of bacteria
    Antibotics
  19. _____ : prevent blood from clotting
    Anti-coagulants
  20. _____ : inhibit or control seizures
    Anti-convulsants
  21. ____ : mood control
    Anti-depressants
  22. ______ : controls GI stress
    Anti-diarrheal
  23. ______ : prevents nausea & vomitting
    Antiemetic
  24. _______ : treat fungal infections
    Anti-fungal
  25. _______ : treats allergies
    anti-histamine
  26. ___________ : lower blood pressure
    Anti hypertensive
  27. ____________ : reduce inflammation
    Anti-inflammation
  28. ___________ : chemotherapy
    Anti-neoplastic
  29. __________ : Enhances internal tissues for diagnostic imaging
    contrast media
  30. _________ : reduces inflammation
    corticosteriods
  31. ________ : removes fluids from cellls
    diuretics
  32. _________ : used to augment endocrine secretion
    hormones
  33. _________ : relieve pain
    narcotics
  34. ___________ : used in nuclear medicine exam
    radioactive isotopes
  35. ___________ : indices sleep or unconciousness
    sedatives
  36.                        CONTRAST MEDIA
    positive - ____________ _ willl appear white on x-ray
    radiopaque
  37.                       CONTRAST MEDIA
    Negative - _____________ - will appear dark on x-ray
    radiolucent
  38.                      CONTRAST MEDIA
    The higher the __________ the more its absorbs
    Atomic number
  39. What is used more Ionic contrast or nonionic contrast?
    Nonionic contrast
  40. __________ - iodide atoms attach to water soluble carrier molecules and dispatch to areas of the body.
    The atoms displace water in the cells and absorbs x-rays photons in those regions.
    Organic Iodides
  41. A _____________ is used in CT and MRI to inject the patient with contrast
    Power Injector
  42. These are examples of ________ reactions from contrast media:
              Nausea, retching and mild vomitting
    Minor
  43. These are examples of _______ reactions from contrast media:
           fainting, chest & abd. pain, headaches,
           chills, severe vomitting, edema of the   
            face.
    Moderate
  44. These are examples of _______ reactions from contast media:
          synncope, convulsions, pulmonary edema,
           cardiac arrest
    severe
  45. The sac around the spinal cord is called the _____.
    thecal
  46. ROUTES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION:

    ________ - injected directly into the spinal cord
    Intrathecal
  47. ROUTES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
    _________ - injected directly into the trachea
    Intratracheal
  48. ROUTES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION:

    Injected into the bladder
    Catheterization
  49. _____________ : when the vein cannot absorb the fluid quick enough and there is leakage around the injection site
    Infiltration
  50. ____________ : contrast media is injected into the tissue instead of the vein
    Extravasation

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