Biology Test- Ch. 19-20

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Author:
bressler1
ID:
211297
Filename:
Biology Test- Ch. 19-20
Updated:
2013-04-03 20:09:28
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Abeka Biology 19 20
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Biology Note cards
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  1. the world's smallest fish
    pygmy goby
  2. the world's largest fish
    whale shark
  3. scientists who study fish
    ichthyologists
  4. three main body regions of the bony fish
    • head
    • trunk
    • tail
  5. large, flat gill cover
    opercula
  6. the most prominent features of the trunk and tail
    fins
  7. located just behind the head on each side of the body
    pectoral fins
  8. two sets of paired fins:
    • pectoral fins
    • pelvic fins
  9. located to the rear of the pectoral fins and lower on the trunk
    pelvic fins
  10. projects upward from the fish's back
    dorsal fin
  11. projects downward from the rear of the fish's trunk
    anal fin
  12. serves as a fish's propeller and rudder
    caudal fin
  13. determines the age of a fish
    "growth rings" on a fish's scale
  14. fish's skeletal muscles arranged in W-shaped bands
    myomeres
  15. special organs that allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass between the water and the fish's blood
    gills
  16. Each gill consists of a curved arch of cartilage (__1__), from which branches two rows of long, narrow ___2___.
    • 1. gill arch
    • 2. gill filaments
  17. beneath the operculum and opens into the fish's pharynx
    gill chamber
  18. vanelike projections from the front of each gill arch that strain food particles and other debris out of the water, preventing the fills from becoming fouled by these sediments
    gill rakers
  19. A fish is designed with a ___ chambered heart.
    two
  20. a system of special nerve endings that extends over its head and the sides of its body; allows a fish to sense faint vibrations and pressure changes in the water
    lateral line
  21. releases the sex cells from the fish
    urogenital opening
  22. to lay eggs
    spawn
  23. fish eggs
    roe
  24. contains the sperm cells
    milt
  25. allows a fish to adjust its buoyancy so that it can remain stationary at a fixed depth without having to "tread water"
    swim bladder
  26. releases the gas to fill the swim bladder
    gas gland
  27. skeletons are made of cartilage rather than bone
    cartilaginous fish
  28. responsible for more injuries to people than all other species of fish combined
    stingrays
  29. ratfish, elephant fish, unusual cartilaginous fish
    chimaeras
  30. parasitic bloodsuckers that use their sucking organ to attach themselves to other fish
    lamprey
  31. animals without backbones
    invertebrates
  32. invertebrates with jointed appendages
    arthropods
  33. external skeleton
    exoskeleton
  34. composes the exoskeleton
    chitin
  35. scientists who study insects
    entomologists
  36. immature form of the insect that looks much like the adult but has different body proportions and lacks wings
    nymph
  37. incomplete metamorphosis
    egg -> nymph -> adult
  38. process by which insects mature
    metamorphosis
  39. complete metamorphosis
    egg -> larva -> pupa -> adult
  40. an insect's three distinct body regions
    • head
    • thorax
    • abdomen
  41. part of the insect that contains the feelers
    head
  42. part if the insect that contains the legs and wings
    thorax
  43. part of the insect that contains most of its vital organs
    abdomen
  44. components of an insect's mouth
    mouthparts
  45. -ptera
    wing
  46. -cockroach
    -katydid
    -praying mantis
    -cricket
    orthoptera
  47. -damselfly
    -dragonfly
    odonata
  48. an insect with a half-wind design and piercing-sucking mouthparts
    bug
  49. -water strider
    -stinkbug
    -squash bug
    hemiptera
  50. -cicada
    -aphid
    -leaf hopper
    -tree hopper
    homoptera
  51. -butterflies
    -moths
    lepidoptera
  52. -fly
    -mosquito
    -gnat
    diptera
  53. -beetle
    -weevil
    -firefly
    coleoptera
  54. -ant
    -wasp
    -bee
    hymenoptera
  55. egg-laying female
    queen
  56. male bee
    drones
  57. non-egg-laying females
    workers
  58. -spiders
    -daddy longlegs
    -mites
    -ticks
    -scorpions
    arachnida
  59. spiders have two distinct body regions:
    • cephalothorax
    • abdomen
  60. a fused head and thorax
    cephalothorax
  61. located below the spider's eye
    chelicerae
  62. attached to each side of a spider's mouth
    pedipalp
  63. fifteen extremely thin, flat folds of tissue forming parallel air pockets that are arranged like the pages of a book
    book lungs
  64. the organs which the spider uses to spin silk
    spinnerets
  65. provides the vital organs with an additional defense against hungry predators
    carapace
  66. designed to help a crayfish keep a firm grip on its food
    maxillipeds
  67. a crayfish's abdominal appendages
    swimmerets
  68. flippers
    uropods
  69. remove wastes from the blood
    green glands

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