pt therapy 4/8 test
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A stethoscope, blood pressure cuff, bag valve mask, endotracheal tubes, suction catheters, sterile gloves, cardiac monitors, needles, hemostat, adrenlin, atropine, glucagon, nitro-glycerin, xylocain are al vital parts of a ______.
Emergency Cart (crash cart)
_______ : placement of any tube it is most commonly placed in the trachea.
_______ : surgical opening through the anterior neck into the trachea
__________ : mechanical respiration device powered by compressed air that controls the respiratory rate, volume, and oxygen content.
__________ is used when patients are unable to clear mouth & throat
** head & neck patients alot of mucous
Oxygen is usually delivered _____ liters per minute
_________ death occurs when the heart and respiratory system stops functioning.
Is clinical death reversible or irreversible
______ death occurs 2-4 minutes later
**It is not reversible
_____ - difficulty breathing caused by bronchospasm
What are some signs of respiratory distress
- Difficulty breathing
- Abnormal breathing sounds
____ _____ - insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle that results from coronary heart disease
_________ - Cardiac arteries become occulded and a portion of the heart wall becomes ischemic
____ - Coronary arteries are unable to supply heart with sufficicent oxygen
______ - mmachine tht adminsters electric shock to correct and ineffectual cardiac rythum
What does AED stand for
Automatic External Defribrillator
General term used to describe a failure of circulation in which blood pressure is inadequate to support oxygen perfusion of vital tissues and in unable to remove the by products of metabolism
type of shock when large amount of blood or plasma are lost (hemmorage)
type of shock when massive infection that produces toxins that increase capillary permeability and drop blood pressure quickly
type of shock when there is a failuure of arterial resistance causing blood pooling int he perpherial vessels
Another type of shock is Cardiogenic - cardiac failure which is also known as
________ or ________ - patient is exposed to substance to which they are sensitive
Allergic or Anaphylaxis
WHat are some symtoms of allergic reactions
- difficulty breathing
- swollen or tingling lips
- drop in blood pressure
- metallic taste in mouth
- itching skin
_________ - very mild form of shock that occurs with fright, pain, or unpleasant event
The following are symptoms of what?
-Restlessness and sense of apprehension
-Increased pulse rate
- Pallor wth weakness or change in thinking
-Cool clammy skin
- Fall in blood pressure
-Increased and shallow respirations
What are the 2 types of Diabetes?
Insipidus and mellitus
This type of diabetes is induced by problems with the kidneys or the pituitary that cause glucose to be excreted in the urine while blood glucose levels remain normal
what are some syptoms of diabetes insipidus?
polyuria & thirst
THis type of diabetes is the inability to metabolize blood glucose.
What are some symtoms of diabetes mellitus?
- fruity smelling breath
- frequent urination
_______ occurs when patients take insulin but no food.
- Blood sugars become very low.
symtoms include weakness, sweating, tremor, hunger and loss of consciousness
______ - is a term for interruption of blood suppply to the brain
- Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
What are warning signs for a stroke?
- slurred or difficult speech
- extreme diziness
- severe headache
- muscle weakness on one side or both
- vision problems
- temporary loss of consciousness
In the case of a stroke patient how should you poisiton the patient?
supine with head elevated and call for emergent help
__________ local or generalized brain function disturbance
______ - patient decribes the room as moving or whirling. they can experience violent nausea. Patients need to be assisted at ALL times.
Epistaxis is another name for a
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