pt therapy 4/8 test

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RadTherapy
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211320
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pt therapy 4/8 test
Updated:
2013-04-03 22:27:44
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pt therapy test 15 16
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pt therapy 4/8 test ch 15 & 16
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  1. A stethoscope, blood pressure cuff, bag valve mask, endotracheal tubes, suction catheters, sterile gloves, cardiac monitors, needles, hemostat, adrenlin, atropine, glucagon, nitro-glycerin, xylocain are al vital parts of a ______.
    Emergency Cart (crash cart)
  2. _______ : placement of any tube it is most commonly placed in the trachea.
    Intubation
  3. _______ : surgical opening through the anterior neck into the trachea
    Tracheostomy
  4. __________ : mechanical respiration device powered by compressed air that controls the respiratory rate, volume, and oxygen content.
    Ventilator
  5. __________ is used when patients are unable to clear mouth & throat
    suction

    ** head & neck patients alot of mucous
  6. Oxygen is usually delivered _____ liters per minute
    1-6
  7. _________ death occurs when the heart and respiratory system stops functioning.
    Clinical
  8. Is clinical death reversible or irreversible
    reversible
  9. ______ death occurs 2-4 minutes later
    Biologic

    **It is not reversible
  10. _____ - difficulty breathing caused by bronchospasm
    asthma
  11. What are some signs of respiratory distress
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Tachypnea
    • Abnormal breathing sounds
    • Cyanosis
  12. ____ _____ -  insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle that results from coronary heart disease
    Myocardial Ischemia
  13. _________ - Cardiac arteries become occulded and a portion of the heart wall becomes ischemic
    Myocardial Infaction
  14. ____ - Coronary arteries are unable to supply heart with sufficicent oxygen
    Angina Pectoris
  15. ______ - mmachine tht adminsters electric shock to correct and ineffectual cardiac rythum
    Defribrillator
  16. What does AED stand for
    Automatic External Defribrillator
  17. General term used to describe a failure of circulation in which blood pressure is inadequate to support oxygen perfusion of vital tissues and in unable to remove the by products of metabolism
    Shock
  18. type of shock when large amount of blood or plasma are lost (hemmorage)
    Hypovolemic
  19. type of shock when massive infection that produces toxins that increase capillary permeability and drop blood pressure quickly
    Septic
  20. type of shock when there is a failuure of arterial resistance causing blood pooling int he perpherial vessels
    Neurogenic
  21. Another type of shock is Cardiogenic - cardiac failure which is also known as
    Plueral Embolism
  22. ________ or ________ - patient is exposed to substance to which they are sensitive
    Allergic or Anaphylaxis
  23. WHat are some symtoms of allergic reactions
    • difficulty breathing
    • swollen or tingling lips
    • vomitting
    • drop in blood pressure
    • metallic taste in mouth
    • itching skin
    • hives
    • dizziness
  24. _________ - very mild form of shock that occurs with fright, pain, or unpleasant event
    Syncope
  25. The following are symptoms of what?
    -Restlessness and sense of apprehension
    -Increased pulse rate
    - Pallor wth weakness or change in thinking  
          ability
    -Cool clammy skin
    - Fall in blood pressure
    -decreased urination
    -Increased and shallow respirations
    Shock
  26. What are the 2 types of Diabetes?
    Insipidus and mellitus
  27. This type of diabetes is induced by problems with the kidneys or the pituitary that cause glucose to be excreted in the urine while blood glucose levels remain normal
    insipidus
  28. what are some syptoms of diabetes insipidus?
    polyuria & thirst
  29. THis type of diabetes is the inability to metabolize blood glucose.
    mellitus (hyperglycemia)
  30. What are some symtoms of diabetes mellitus?
    • fruity smelling breath
    • thirsty
    • frequent urination
  31. _______ occurs when patients take insulin but no food.
    • Hypoglycemia.
    • Blood sugars become very low.

    symtoms include weakness, sweating, tremor, hunger and loss of consciousness
  32. ______ - is a term for interruption of blood suppply to the brain
    • Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
    •    or
    • Stroke
  33. What are warning signs for a stroke?
    • slurred or difficult speech
    • extreme diziness
    • severe headache
    • muscle weakness on one side or both
    • vision problems
    • temporary loss of consciousness
  34. In the case of a stroke patient how should you poisiton the patient?
    supine with head elevated and call for emergent help
  35. __________ local or generalized brain function disturbance
    Seizures
  36. ______ - patient decribes the room as moving or whirling. they can experience violent nausea. Patients need to be assisted at ALL times.
    vertigo
  37. Epistaxis is another name for a
    nose bleed

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