Green Generation Vocab

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Author:
carrieross
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211335
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Green Generation Vocab
Updated:
2013-04-26 13:19:08
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ecology scioly
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vocabulary for Green Generation SciOly
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  1. acid rain
    Name given to any form of precipitation [rain, snow, sleet, hail, fog] that's more acidicthan normal.A form of precipitation that is significantly more acidic than neutral water, often produced as the result of industrial processes.
  2. Greenhouse Effect
    The warming of Earth's atmosphere as the result of the capture of heat by carbon dioxide molecules in the air
  3. Ozone Depletion
    loss of O3 as result of attacks by CFCs = Ozone Shield < in concentration SO more UVB reaches Earth
  4. Primary Pollutant
    Any pollutant released directly from a source to the atmosphere
  5. Secondary Pollutant
    • Any pollutant formed in the atmosphere from compounds released from
    • primary source
  6. Thermal Inversion
  7. Fossil Fuels
    natural fuel such as coal, oil or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms
  8. Bioremediation
    http://ei.cornell.edu/index.html
    Using micro-organisms to remove contaminates from soil or groundwater
  9. Alternate Energy
    • any energy source that is an alternative to fossil fuel:
    • Solar
    • Wind
    • Geothermal
    • Biofuel & Ethanol
    • Nuclear
    • Hydrogen
  10. Renewable energy
    • is generated from natural resources—such as sunlight,[24] wind, rain,
    • tides and geothermal heat—which are renewable (naturally replenished)
  11. Non-Renewable Resources
    a natural resource [fossil fuels - oil, coal, natural gas] which cannot be replaced, grown, generated once depleted there will be no more available for future use.
  12. Recycling
    a process turning materials (waste) into new products to reduce the consumption of fresh raw materials, reduce energy usage, reduce air pollution (from incineration) & water pollution (from landfilling), & lower greenhouse gas emissions
  13. Composting
    organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil amendment
  14. What is SO2 and how does it pollute?
    • Sulfur Dioxide
    • toxic smelly gas released by volcanoes & in various industrial processes.
    • Since coal and petroleum often contain sulfur compounds, their combustion generates sulfur dioxide unless the sulfur compounds are removed before burning the fuel.
  15. Atmosphere
    • The layer of gases around the Earth:
    • 1. Troposphere [weather & pollution]
    • 2. Mesosphere
    • 3. Stratosphere [Ozone]
    • 4. Thermosphere
  16. Bacteria
    Tiny organism, too small to see with the naked eye. Eats sewage & sludge from polluted water using up important Ofor local fauna
  17. Biogas
    Gas given off by plant & animal wastes as they rot
  18. Contaminate/Contaminate to
    To make dirty
  19. Exhaust
     waste gases pumped out by engines as well as chimneys of power stations & factories
  20. Fertilizer
    Nutrients added to the soil to help plant growth
  21. Global Warming
    The buildup of Greenhouse Gases in the atmosphere that is causing Earth's temperature to rise
  22. Greenhouse Gas
    Gas that traps heat in the atmosphere  & keeps Earth warm
  23. Incinerator
    A large oven or furnace for burning trash
  24. Landfill
    A large hole in the ground where garbage is buried.should be lined with plastic to stop polluting soil & water nearby.
  25. Nutrient
    Chemical that is needed for the healthy growth of plants & animals
  26. Pesticide
    Substance that will kill insect pests
  27. Pollute
    to poison the air water or land
  28. RDF Pellet
    A little block of fuel made from compressed garbage
  29. Slurry
    Thick liquid waste
  30. Smelter
    Place where ore, such as bauxite, iscrushed & heated to extract metal, such as aluminum [Al]
  31. Spoil Heap
    Piles of soil & waste rock dug from coal mines or quarries
  32. Synthetic
    Made by people
  33. Thermal Pollution
    Adding Warm water from power stations & industries that is emptied into Rivers & Lakes after being used for cooling, and contains much less oxygen making it more difficult for aquatic life to survive
  34. Dirty Water
    Waste water from power stations, waste from factories, and fertilizers from farms that are sources of water pollution
  35. Cloth diapers
    An environmentally friendly alternative to disposable diapers that produce copious amounts of methane when disposed of in landfills
  36. 90%
    The amount of the world's waste that ends up in landfill sites
  37. Methane
    Gas commonly released at the surface of landfills, can be collected & used as fuel or piped to local factories to be burned in boilers to produce heat. Also produced on smaller scale by human, animal, and food wastes.
  38. Sorting machine or Rotary Screen
    Used to automatically separate out different kinds of garbage for recycling
  39. CO2
    • Carbon Dioxide, a commonly produced gas from burning fossil fuels in power stations. CO2 is a Greenhouse Gas and adds to Global Warming
  40. Limestone Filters
    Used in power station chimneys to absorb SO2 . They produce lots of Limestone waste which is a good fertilizer.the USA produces enough of this waste to fertilize 25% of the country's farmland
  41. Waste Rock
    Chemical containing waste produced form the burning of coal in powerstations often washed away by rain, polluting the environment
  42. PCBs
    Chemicals used to manufacture many types of goods from the 1920s to 1979, enterIng the air, water and soil during their manufacture and use. Their wastes were often placed in landfills & dump sites.They need sunlight or microorganisms to break down.
  43. Solvent
    A chemical that breaks down a material.
  44. sustainable
    a way of living that does not use up natural resources
  45. desertification
    turning an area into a desert, with low plant cover and a high risk of erosion
  46. geothermal
    heat from inside Earth
  47. power grid
    systems of wires to carry electricity
  48. carbon dioxide
    a colorless, odorless gas in the atmosphere
  49. atmosphere
    the layer of gases surrounding Earth
  50. developing countries
    countries with less developed industy, a poor economy, and a lower standard of living
  51. incandescent
    giving off light at a high temperature
  52. degraded
    run down or reduced to a lower quality
  53. anthropogenic
    • human or man-made
    • caused by humans
  54. air pollution
    The introduction of chemicals, particulates or biological materials into atmosphere that causes discomfort, disease, or death to humans; damages other living organisms [ex.food crops], or damages natural environment
  55. Green Energy
    Also known as clean energy, energy that is nonpolluting and/or renewable, such as solar power, wind power, biofuel, and hydrogen
  56. Carbon Sink
    forests, oceans or bogs that store C that is not being used in nature
  57. Bio Diversity
    the variety of plants and animals
  58. H2SO4
  59. Sulphuric Acid 
    • highly corrosive
    • colorless
    • slightly yellow
    • viscous
    • water soluble
  60. Captive Breeding
    mating animals in captivity for example in zoo or preserve
  61. Conifer
    pine tree (evergreen tree)
  62. Cultivated
    grown by people rather than the wild such as oyster, catfish and other fishes being farmed artificially as well as crops and other agricultural plants farmed by humans
  63. hazmat team
    a group of workers specially trained to respond to spills involving hazardous materials ex. oil spills, radioactive materials
  64. dispersant
    a chemical that breaks oil into small droplets that quickly dissappear
  65. overgrazing
    when too many animals graze the grasslands so no new grass can grow
  66. estuary
    water passage in which a tide meets a river current
  67. octane
    measure of the properties of petroleum fuel
  68. OPEC
    • Organization of petroleum exporting countries 
    • inter-governmental organization that oversees the petroleum policies of it's members
  69. ethanol
    ethyl alcohol that can be used as fuel
  70. fuel cell
    device similar to a battery that changes chemical energy into electrical energy
  71. Greenhouse Gases
    Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water vapor, and ozone in the atmosphere which are involved in the greenhouse effect.
  72. Crude Oil
    a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
  73. Hydro Power
    Use of kinetic energy in moving water to create electricity
  74. Ozone Layer
    a layer in the stratosphere (at approximately 20 miles) that contains a concentration of ozone sufficient to block most ultraviolet radiation from the sun
  75. Tipping Point
    the time at which a change or an effect cannot be stopped
  76. Biofuel
    a renewable fuel such as biodiesel or bioethanol that comes from organic material such as corn, sugar cane, vegetable oil, and animal fat
  77. Carbon Footprint
    a measure of Greenhouse Gases produced by human activities
  78. Carboniferous Period
    enormous coal deposits formed 360,000,000 years ago in this geological period when forests covered most of the earth

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