Health Psych_3.3

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Author:
kyle.coughlin
ID:
211388
Filename:
Health Psych_3.3
Updated:
2013-04-04 13:27:13
Tags:
Health Psych
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Description:
Health Psych_3.3
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  1. European ethnic group alcohol prevalence
    • casual drink: 54%
    • binge drink: 27%
    • drink heavily: 8%
  2. African ethnic group alcohol prevalence
    • casual drink: 38%
    • binge drink: 19%
    • drink heavily: 5%
  3. Hispanic ethnic group alcohol prevalence
    • casual drink: 41%
    • binge drink: 24%
    • drink heavily: 5%
  4. Native ethnic group alcohol prevalence
    • casual drink: 42%
    • binge drink: 29%
    • drink heavily: 10%
  5. Asian ethnic group alcohol prevalence
    • casual drink: 40%
    • binge drink: 11%
    • drink heavily: 2%
  6. 12 - 17 year old alcohol prevalence
    20% report drinking
  7. 18 - 24 year old alcohol prevalence
    highest rates of binge and heavy drinking
  8. 25 - 44 year old alcohol prevalence
    highest rates of drinking
  9. Benefits of light alcohol use
    • reduce cardiovascular mortality rate: 2 drinks/day is associated with 25% lower risk of heart attack, men consuming 3-7 drinks/week had a 30% lower rist of heart attack than those who drank less than one/week
    • reductions in Type 2 Diabetes
    • lowered risk of gull stones
    • decreased risk of alzheimers
  10. Direct hazards associated with alcohol consumption
    • driving and other accidents
    • incidence of violence
    • unwanted pregnancies
    • cancer: colon, rectum, liver, breast
    • brain problems: delirium tremens
    • HIV or other STDs
  11. Indirect hazards associated with alcohol consumption
    • increased likelihood of unintentional injuries: 40% of car crash deaths involve alcohol
    • crime: 50%-60% of homicides, assaults, and domestic violence involve alcohol
    • increased aggression
    • behavioral disinhibition
  12. Korsakoff's syndrome
    alcohol induced neurological disorder characterized by the inability to store new memories
  13. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    cluster of birth defects that include facial abnormalities, low intelligence, and retarded body growth caused by the mother's use of alcohol during pregnancy
  14. Biological (medical) model's reason for alcoholism
    • conceptualizes problem drinking as symptomatic underlying physical problems
    • heritability: 40% to 60%
  15. Social learning theory's view about drinking behavior (reasons why people begin to drink)
    • positive reinforcement
    • negative reinforcement
    • modeling

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