Psych Chapter 14 Vocab

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Psych Chapter 14 Vocab
2013-04-04 18:25:22
Psychology 14 Vocab Troubled Mind

Chapter 14 The Troubled Mind
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  1. Comorbidity
    The presence of two or more disorders in the same individual
  2. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
    A system for classification of psychological disorders published by the American Psychiatric Assocation (APA)
  3. Anxiety Disorder
    A disorder featuring anxiety that is not proportional to a person's circumstances
  4. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
    A disorder characterized by excessive anxiety and worry that is not correlated with particular objects or situations
  5. Panic Attack
    The experience of intense fear and autonomic arousal in the absence of real threat
  6. Panic Disorder
    A disorder characterized by repeated panic attacks and fear of future attacks
  7. Phobia
    Unrealistic fear of an object or situation
  8. Agoraphobia
    Unrealistic fear of open spaces, being outside the home alone, or being in a crowd
  9. Social Phobia/ Social Anxiety
    A disorder characterized by an unrealistic fear of being scrutinized and criticized by others
  10. Specific Phobia
    Fears of objects other than those associated with agoraphobia or social phobia/social anxiety
  11. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    A disorder associated with intrusive obsessions and compulsions
  12. Obsession
    An intrusive, distressing thought
  13. Compulsion
    Repetitive, ritualistic behavior associated with high anxiety
  14. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    A disorder caused by the experience of trauma, which leads to flashbacks, dreams, hyper vigilance, and avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event
  15. Major Depressive Disorder (unipolar disorder)
    A disorder characterized by lengthy periods of depressed mood, loss of pleasure in normal activities, disturbances in sleep and appetite, difficulty concentrating, feelings of hopelessness, and possible thoughts of suicide
  16. Bipolar Disorder
    A mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of mania and depressions
  17. Mania
    A period of unrealistically elevated mood
  18. Learned Helplessness
    A state in which experiencing random or uncontrolled consequences leads to feelings of helplessness and possibly depression
  19. Diathesis-stress Model
    A model that suggests that the experience of stress interacts with an individual's biological predisposition to produce a psychological disorder
  20. Dissociative Disorder
    A disorder characterized by disruptions in a person's identity, memory, or consciousness
  21. Somatoform Disorder/ Somatic Symptom Disorder
    A disorder characterized by physical symptoms that do not have an underlying medical cause
  22. Schizophrenia
    A disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thought and speech, disorders of movement, restricted affect, and avolition/asociality.
  23. Delusion
    A false, illogical belief
  24. Hallucination
    A false perception
  25. Personality Disorder
    A disorder characterized by impairments in identity, in personality traits, and in the establishment of empathy or intimacy.
  26. Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD)
    A disorder characterized by an unusual lack of remorse, empathy, or regard for normal social rules and conventions
  27. Borderline Personality Disorder
    A disorder characterized by instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotion
  28. Autism Spectrum Disorder
    A disorder characterized by deficits in social relatedness and communications skills that are often accompanied by repetitive, ritualistic behavior
  29. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    A disorder characterized by either unusual inattentiveness, hyperactivity with impulsivity, or both