Anatomy III Myology

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studytaz
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211415
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Anatomy III Myology
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2013-04-14 20:19:15
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exam Myology
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Anatomy III Myology
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  1. bends a body part
    Flexior/Flexion
  2. straightens a body part
    Extensor/Extension
  3. pulls a body part away from the midline
    Abductor/Abduction
  4. pulls a body part toward the midline
    Adductor/Adduction
  5. turns a body part over face down
    Pronator/Pronation
  6. turns a body part over face up
    Supinator/Suppination
  7. turning something on its axis
    • rotation
    • (series of muscles)
  8. 3600 arc of extremity i.e. arm
    • Circumduction
    • (series of muscles)
  9. at a slant
    oblique
  10. straight
    rectus
  11. across
    transverse
  12. adductor brevis muscle
    • adductor group
    • Medial femoral Muscle
    • quadriceps femoris
    • anterior femoral muscle
    • thigh
  13. A muscle that stretches out a body part is
    extensors
  14. A single muscle fiber is
    myofibrils
  15. Muscles are attached to bones by
    tendons
  16. Muscles that bend body parts are
    flexors
  17. Muscles that pull a body part away from the median plane are
    abductor
  18. Name a broad muscle of the lower back?
    latissimus dorsi
  19. Name a circular muscle of the eye?
    orbicularis oris
  20. Name a large muscle of the upper back?
    trapezius
  21. Name a lateral muscle of the forearm?
    brachioradialis
  22. Name a medial muscle of the forearm?
    flexor carpi ulnaris
  23. Name a muscle located in the cervical region of the body?
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • platysma
    • digastricus
  24. Name a muscle located on the medial aspect of the thigh?
    • gracilis
    • adductor longus
    • adductor brevis
    • adductor magnus
  25. Name a muscle of mastication?
    • masseter
    • temporal
    • lateral pterygoid (external pterygoid)
    • medial pterygoid (internal pterygoid)
  26. Name a muscle of the anterior thigh?
    • sartorius
    • quadriceps femoris
    •    rectus femoris
    •    vastus lateralis
    •    vastus medialis
    •    vastus intermedius
  27. Name a muscle of the chest?
    • pectoralis major
    • pectoralis minor
    • serratus anterior
  28. Name a muscle of the lower back?
    latissimus dorsi
  29. Name a muscle of the neck?
    • sternocleidomastoid
    • platysma
    • digastricus
  30. Name a muscle of the thigh?
    • sartorius
    • rectus femoris
    • vastus lateralis
    • vastus medialis
    • vastus intermedius
    • gracilis
    • adductor longus
    • adductor brevis
    • adductor magnus
    • biceps femoris
    • semitendinosus
    • semimembranosus
  31. Name a posterior muscle of the abdomen?
    • psoas major
    • psoas minor
    • iliacus
  32. Name a sphincter muscle of the mouth?
    orbicularis oris
  33. Name an anterior muscle of the thigh?
    • sartorius
    • rectus femoris
    • vastus lateralis
    • vastus medialis
    • vastus intermedius

  34. Name an anterolateral muscle of the abdomen?

    Name an anterior muscle of the thigh?
    • external oblique
    • internal oblique
    • transverse
  35. Name an anteromedial muscle of the abdomen?
    • rectus abdominis
    • pyramidalis
    • linea alba (NOT a muscle)
  36. On what basis does the deltoideus muscle receive its name?
    it's shape
  37. The lateral border of the femoral triangle is the
    sartorius muscle
  38. The masseter is a muscle of the
    • mastication
    • head
  39. The medial border of the femoral triangle is the
    adductor longus muscle
  40. The myocardium of the heart is composed of what type of elementary tissue?
    epithelial
  41. The occipitofrontalis muscle is also known as the
    epicranius
  42. The relatively movable attachment of a muscle is the
    • insertion
    • distal end
  43. The study of the muscle system is
    myology
  44. The superior border of the femoral triangle is the
    inguinal ligament
  45. The tunica media of the heart is the
    myocardium
  46. The turning of a body part on an axis is termed
    rotation
  47. The wall that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity is the
    diaphragm
  48. What blood vessel begins at the opening of the adductor magnus muscle?
    popliteal artery
  49. What muscle action causes a body part to move toward the median plane?
    Adduction
  50. What type of tissue includes the variations called striated, smooth and cardiac?
    muscle
  51. Where are the chordae tendinae located?
    • myocardium
    • heart
  52. Where is the soleus muscle located?
    posterior leg
  53. In which chamber  of the heart does pulmonary circulation terminate?
    right atrium
  54. In which chamber of the heart does systemic circulation begin?
    Right ventricle
  55. The arteries that supply blood directly to the heart muscle are the
    coronary arteries
  56. The innermost layer of the heart is the
    endocardium
  57. The space between the lungs which houses the heart and larger blood vessels is the
    pericardium
  58. Name a branch of the external carotid artery that supplies blood to the nose, lips and chin?
    facial artery
  59. Which blood vessel begins at the lateral border of the first rib and terminates as it passes by the tendon of the teres major muscle?
    axillary artery
  60. Name a blood vessel that is a bifurcation of the popliteal artery?
    tibial arteries
  61. Which section of the aorta gives rise to the inferior phrenic and celiac trunk arteries?
    abdominal aorta

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