Medical Terminology Week 8

Card Set Information

Author:
dhsc19
ID:
211482
Filename:
Medical Terminology Week 8
Updated:
2013-04-06 01:56:56
Tags:
Medical Terminology Week
Folders:

Description:
Medical Terminology Week 8
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dhsc19 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Origin of Terms
    poiesis
    to make, form
  2. Origin of Terms
    poikolo
    varied, irregular
  3. Origin of Terms
    polymorph
    many forms
  4. Origin of Terms
    reticulum
    network
  5. Origin of Terms
    phag
    to eat
  6. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    albumin
    a protien that regulates the amount of water in plasma
  7. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    antibodies
    makes sure you don't get the disease again
  8. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    antigen
    something in the environment (foriegn materials) that causes the production of antibodies
  9. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    bilirubin
    breakdown of red blood cells, causes jaundice
  10. Blood Grouping Systems:
    ABO system
    the different kind of blood types
  11. Blood Grouping Systems:
    RH factors
    Of the population, 85% RH+ and 15 RH-.  If mother and fetus do not match, the mother's body will see the fetus as a foreign body and destroy it.
  12. Blood Grouping Systems:
    cross matching
    to make sure you receive compatible blood
  13. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    erythroblasts
    immature red blood cells (has a nucleus)
  14. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    erythrocytes
    a red blood cell
  15. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    fibrin
    like a web, aids in clotting
  16. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    hematopoiesis, hemophosis
    blood production (in bone marrow)
  17. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    hemoglobin
    iron pigment found in red blood cells (attracts oxygen)
  18. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    heparin
    a anti-coagulant
  19. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    leukocytes
    white blood cells
  20. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    What are granulocytes and what are the three kinds
    • A type of white blood cell that looks like a grain
    • 1. basophils
    • 2. eosinophils - picks up red dye and goes up in numbers when having an allergic reaction.
    • 3. neutrophils
  21. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    What are agranulocytes and what are the two kinds
    • A type of white blood cell that does not look like a grain
    • 1. lymphocytes - gets rid of foreign bodies
    • 2. monocytes - gets rid of dead leukocytes
  22. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    myelopoiesis
    production of "myeloid", produced in the bone marrow
  23. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    phagocytes
    eats dead white blood cells
  24. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    plasma
    liquid portion of the blood
  25. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    immunoglobins
    • Designated by these types of abbreviations:
    • igC
    • igA
    • igM
    • igD
    • igE
  26. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    platelets
    Also known as thrombocytes
  27. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    polymorphonuclear
    means the nucleus has many different shapes or forms
  28. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    serum
    when you get rid of the fibrin in the plasma, this is what you have left
  29. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    transfusion (define)
    and what are the sources
    what is a "whole blood" transfusion
    • a procedure done when you don't have enough blood.
    • Sources:
    • autologous - blood transfusion of your own blood
    • homologous - blood transfusion of a donor's blood
    • whole blood - blood can be separated into its elements so a whole blood transfusion means everything is transferred.
  30. Blood Elements and Blood Groupings
    transfusion reaction
    a bad reaction from a transfusion
  31. Diagnostic Terms
    Anemia
    not enough red blood cells
  32. Diagnostic Terms
    Iron deficiency anemia
    can be caused by lack of iron in diet or chronic blood loss (you can take iron tablets)
  33. Diagnostic Terms
    Pernicious anemia
    A type of anemia caused by vitamin B12 (folic acid) difficiency
  34. Diagnostic Terms
    Aplasitc anemia
    a type of anemia where the bone marrow is no producing blood (red or white)
  35. Diagnostic Terms
    Hemolytic anemia
    a type of anemia that is genetic in origin
  36. Diagnostic Terms
    Hemolytic disease of the newborn, erythoblastosis fetalis
    RH factor mismatch that causes the destruction of the baby
  37. Diagnostic Terms
    erythrocytosis
    too many red blood cells
  38. Diagnostic Terms
    sickle cell anemia
    genetic condition where the red blood cells hook on to one another causing clotting
  39. Diagnostic Terms
    thalassemia syndrome
    an inherited condition generally in people from the mediterranean area
  40. Other diagnostic terms
    diffuse intravascular coagulation (DIC)
    the body overreacts to something and produces a very big blood clot
  41. Other diagnostic terms
    Hemophilia A, Factor VIII or IX deficiency
    sex-linked disorder, occurs in males, but females are only carries.  a problems where the blood does not clot quickly.
  42. Other diagnostic terms
    Purpura
    some kind of allergic reaction, blood leaves the vessel and goes into surrounding tissue
  43. Other diagnostic terms
    leukemia
    (acute and chronic)
    • a cancer involving white blood cells and bone marrow
    • acute - generally occurs in children
    • chronic - generally occurs in adults
  44. Other diagnostic terms
    multiple myeloma
    a cancer that affects the bone marrow and causes the bones to break (especially in the spine)
  45. Procedural Terms
    Bone marrow transplantation
    requires an extremely good match.  the patients is given a lethal dose of chemo and then the marrow is transplanted
  46. Symptomatic terms
    Anisocytosis
    a variation in size of red blood cells
  47. Symptomatic terms
    Blood dyscrasia
    any morbid (causing sickness) blood disorder
  48. Symptomatic terms
    Fibrinolysis
    break down of fibrin
  49. Symptomatic terms
    Hemolysis
    destruction of red blood cells
  50. Symptomatic terms
    Leukopenia
    not enough white blood cells
  51. Symptomatic terms
    Lymphocytosis
    too many lymphocytes
  52. Symptomatic terms
    Macrocytosis
    red blood cells are too large
  53. Symptomatic terms
    Microcytosis
    red blood cells are too small
  54. Symptomatic terms
    Pancytopenia
    all of the blood cells are defficient
  55. Symptomatic terms
    Poikilocytosis
    irregularly shaped red blood cells
  56. Symptomatic terms
    Proliferation
    to multiply rapidly
  57. Symptomatic terms
    Thrombocytosis
    too many platelets (thrombocytes)
  58. Other term
    Toxin
    poison
  59. reticuloendothelial system include?
    spleen, liver, lung, lymphatics, lymph nodes
  60. Anatomic terms
    histiocytes, histocytes
    tissues of the reticuloendothelial system
  61. Anatomic terms
    lymph
    the fluid that circulates in the lymphatic system
  62. Anatomical terms
    lymph nodes
    bead-like (encapsulated) organs of the lymphatic system
  63. Anatomical terms
    lymphatics
    the lymph vessels
  64. Diagnostic terms
    cryptoccal infection
    condition caused by pigeon droppings (a fungus)
  65. Diagnostic terms
    Hodgkin's disease
    a cancer of the lymph, generally found in younger people
  66. Diagnostic terms
    lymphadenitis
    inflammation of the lymph glands
  67. Diagnostic terms
    lymphadenopathy
    any disease of the lymph glands
  68. Diagnostic terms
    lymphangioma
    tumor of the lymphatics (vessels)
  69. Diagnostic terms
    lympangitis
    inflammation of the lymphatics (vessels)
  70. Diagnostic terms
    malignant lymphomas, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
    cancer of the lymph system, generally in older people
  71. Diagnostic terms
    mononucleosis
    "kissing disease" - very fatigued - caused by epstein-barr virus
  72. Diagnostic terms
    Pneumocystic carinii pneomonia
    a very serious pneumonia caused by AIDS
  73. Operative terms
    lymphadenectomy
    removal of lymph glands
  74. Symptomatic terms
    lymphocytopenia
    deficient in lymphocytes
  75. Other term
    palliative
    treating symptoms, but no cure
  76. function of spleen
    gets rid of old red blood cells and saves about a cup for reserve
  77. Origin of term
    auto
    self
  78. Anatomic terms
    macrophage
    a monophage that can go out of vessels to eat foreign bodies
  79. Anatomic terms
    spleen
    destroys old red blood cells and stores reserve blood and produces granulocytes
  80. Anatomic terms
    thymus gland
    produces T-cells
  81. Diagnostic terms
    asplenia
    without a spleen
  82. Diagnostic terms
    herpes simplex
    cold sore caused by the herpes virus
  83. Diagnostic terms
    Kaposi's sarcoma
    a cancer of the capillaries causing bluish-red bruising
  84. Diagnostic terms
    splenoptosis
    a downward displacement of the spleen location
  85. Diagnostic terms
    splenorrhexis
    ruptured spleen
  86. Operative terms
    splenectomy
    removal of the spleen
  87. Operative terms
    splenopexy
    to surgically "lift" the spleen
  88. Operative terms
    splenorrhaphy
    to suture a tear in the spleen
  89. Operative terms
    stem cell transplant
    (understand the term)
  90. Symptomatic terms
    autosplenectomy
    a small fibrotic spleen
  91. Symptomatic terms
    splenomegaly
    an enlarged spleen
  92. Other terms
    cell-mediated immunity
    the lymphocytes and T-cells
  93. Other terms
    cytoxic T cells
    the "killer T cells" that get rid of infected cells
  94. Other terms
    the two kinds of helper cells
    • interleukins - stimulate B and T cells to enhance immunity
    • interferon - help enhance anti-viral proteins
  95. Other terms
    natural immunity
    the immunity you are born with
  96. Other terms
    natural killer
    another term for lymphocytes
  97. Other terms
    relapse
    when the disease recurs
  98. Other terms
    remission
    to not have any sign of the disease
  99. Other terms
    suppressor T cells
    stop the immune system when you don't need it.  if not working, you have an autoimmune disorder
  100. Abbreviations
    AIDS
    The symptoms of HIV.  Stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
  101. Abbreviations
    CBC
    complete blood count
  102. Abbreviations
    Hb
    hemoglobin
  103. Abbreviations
    DIC
    diffuse intravascular coagulation
  104. Abbreviations
    PCV
    packed cell volume
  105. Abbreviations
    ELISA
    the test for HIV, given before the Western Blot.
  106. Abbreviations
    RBC
    red blood count
  107. Abbreviations
    WBC
    White blood count
  108. Abbreviations
    Hct
    hematocrit
  109. Abbreviations
    HIV
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  110. Clinical Lab
    coagulation time, clotting time
    how long it takes for the blood to clot (should be within 5 minutes)
  111. Clinical Lab
    hematocrit (Hct, Ht)
    a percentage of red blood cells
  112. Clinical Lab
    hemoglobin
    the amount of iron
  113. Clinical Lab
    serum iron level
    how much iron in the serum
  114. Clinical Lab
    white blood cell differential
    to distinguish the types white blood cells and levels of maturity
  115. Serologic and Immunologic tests
    agglutination
    happens when you receive the wrong blood type
  116. Serologic and Immunologic tests
    antibody
    helps prevent catching the same infection all over again
  117. Serologic and Immunologic tests
    antigen
    the foreign body that caused the creation of antibody
  118. Terms related to radiation injury
    radiation anemia
    an anemic reaction to radiation
  119. Terms related to radiation injury
    radiation sickness
    caused by overexposure to radiation
  120. Terms related to radiation injury
    radiodermatitis
    inflammation of the skin caused by radiation
  121. Terms related to radiation injury
    radionecrosis
    the kill cells with radiation
  122. Terms related to blood clotting
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    how fast the red blood cells separate

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview