chpt 5 vocab

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benbosworth
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21152
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chpt 5 vocab
Updated:
2010-05-29 14:26:12
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vocab
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  1. auscultation
    a method of listening to sounds within an organ with a stethoscope
  2. AVPU scale
    a method of assesing level of consciousness by determining whether the patient is awake and alert, responsive to verbal stimuli or pain, or unresponsive, used principally early in the assment
  3. blood pressure
    the pressure of circulating blood against the walls of the arteries
  4. bradcycardia
    slow heart rate less than 60 beats/min
  5. capillary refill
    the abilty of the circulatory system to restore blood to the capillary system, evaluated by using a simple test
  6. shieg complaint
    the reason a patient called for help also the patiens resoponse to questions such as whats wrong? or what happened?
  7. conjuctiva
    the delicate membraned lining the eyelids and covering the exposed surface of the eye
  8. cyanosis
    a luish-gray skin color that is caused by reduced levels of oxygen in the blood
  9. diaphoretic
    characterized by profuse sweating
  10. diastolic pressure
    the pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the hearts cycle when the left ventricle is at rest
  11. hpertension
    blood pressure that is higher than the normal range
  12. hypotension
    blood pressure that is lower than the normal range
  13. juandive
    a yellow skin or sclera color that is caused by liver disease or dysfunction
  14. labored breathing
    breathing that requires visibly increased effort, characterized by grunting, stidor, and use of accessory muslces
  15. OPRST
    an abbreviation for key terms used in evaluation a patients signs and symptoms, onset, provacation or palleation, quality , region, radiation, severity, and timing of pain
  16. perfusion
    circulation of blood within an organ or tissue
  17. pulse
    the pressure wave that occurs as each heart beat causes a surge in the blood circulating through the arteries
  18. pulse oximetry
    an assessment tool that measures oxygen saaturation of hemoglobin in the capilary beds
  19. SAMPLE history
    a breif history of a patients condition to determine signs and symptoms allergies, medication, past history, last oaral intake, events leading
  20. sclera
    the white portion of the eye
  21. signs
    objective findings that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, or measured
  22. sniffing position
    a unusaully upright position in which the patients head and chin are thrust slightyly forward
  23. spontaneous respirations
    breathing in a patient that occurs with no assistance
  24. stridor
    a harsh high pitched, crowing inspiratory sound, such as the sound often heard in acute laryngeal obstruction
  25. symptoms
    subjective findings that the patients feels but can be identified only by the patient
  26. systolic pressure
    pressure the increased pressure along the artery with each contraction of the ventricles
  27. tachycardia
    rapid heart rythm more than 100 beats/min
  28. tidal volume
    the ammount of air that is exchanged with each breath
  29. tripod position
    an upright position in which the patient leans forward onto two arms streched forward and thrust the head and chin forward
  30. vasoconstriction
    narrowing of the blood muscles
  31. vital signs
    the key signs that are used to evaluated the patients overall condition including resperiations, pulse, blood pressure, level of consciousness, and skin characteristics

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