HR Test #3 Ch 11 Part 1
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American Federation of Labor (AF of L)
was another early union; it focused its efforts on improved working conditions and better employment contracts rather than getting involved in legislative and political activities
both sides agree in advance that they will accept the recommendations made by an independent third–party arbitrator.
refers to the specifically defined group of employees who are eligible for representation by the union.
occurs when union members agree not to buy the products of a targeted employer.
refers to a workplace in which only workers who are already union members may be hired by the employer.
is the process by which managers and union leaders negotiate acceptable terms and conditions of employment for those workers represented by the unions.
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
Another important early union was the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), which focused on organizing employees by industry, regardless of their craft, skills, or occupation.
Under final–offer arbitration, the parties bargain until impasse and then the two parties’ final offers are submitted to the arbitrator.
is a situation in which one or both parties believe that reaching an agreement is not imminent.
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