EMT 3/20

The flashcards below were created by user nikkid11 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. acute coronary syndrome (ACS)
    a blanket term used to represent any symptoms related to lack of oxygen (ischemia) in the heart muscle. Also called cardiac compromise
  2. acute myocardial infarction (AMI)
    the condition in which a portion of the myocardium dies as a result of oxygen starvation; often called a heart attack by laypersons
  3. agonal breathing
    irregular, gasping breaths that precede apnea and death
  4. aneurysm
    the dilation, or ballooning, of a weakened section of the wall of an artery
  5. angina pectoris
  6. pain in the chest, occurring when blood supply to the heart is reduced and a portion of the heart muscle is not receiving enough oxygen
  7. apnea
    • no breathing
  8. asystole
    a condition in which the heart has ceased generating electrical impulese
  9. bradycardia
    when the heart rate is slow, usually below 60 beats per minute
  10. cardiac compromise
    see acute coronary syndrome
  11. cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
    actions taken to revive a person by keeping the person's heart and lungs wroking
  12. cardiovascular system
    the heart and the blood vessels
  13. congestive heart failure (CHF)
    the failure of the heart to pump efficiently, leading to excessive blood or fluids in the lungs, the body, or both
  14. coronoary artery disease (CAD)
    diseases that affect the arteries of the heart
  15. defibrillation
    delivery of an electrical shock to stop the fibrillation of hear muscles and restore a normal heart rhythm
  16. dyspnea
    shortness of breath; labored or difficult breathing
  17. dysrhythmia
    a distrubance in heart rate and rhythm
  18. edema
    swelling resulting from a buildup of fluid in the tissues
  19. embolism
    blockage of a vessel by a clot or foreigm material brought to the site by the blood current
  20. nitroglycerin (NTG)
    a medication that dilates the blood vessels
  21. occlusion
    blockage, as of an artery by fatty deposits
  22. pedal edema
    accumulation of fluid in the feet or ankles
  23. pulmonary edema
    accumulation of fluid in the lungs
  24. pulseless electrical activity (PEA)
  25. a condition in which the heart's electrical rhythm remains relatively normal, yet the mechanical pumpin gactivity fails to follow the electrical activity. causing cardiac arrest
  26. sudden death
    a cardiac arrest that occurs within 2 hours of the onset of symptoms. the patient may have no prior symptoms of coronoary artery diesease
  27. tachycardia
    when the heart rate is fast, above 100 beats per min
  28. thrombus
    a clot formed of blood and plaque attached to the inner wall of an artery of vein
  29. ventribular fibrillation (VF)
    a condition in which the heart's electrical impulses are disorganized, preventing the heart muscle from contracting normally
  30. ventricular tachycardia (v_tach)
    • a condition in whihc the heartbeat is quite rapid; if rapid enough, ventricular tachycardia will not allow the heart's chambers to fill with enough blood between beats to produce blood flow sufficient to meet the body's needs
Card Set:
EMT 3/20
2013-04-05 20:56:19
EMT mod chap 20

EMT mod 3 chap 20
Show Answers: