Nursing Theories

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Author:
lags143
ID:
211808
Filename:
Nursing Theories
Updated:
2013-04-06 15:44:03
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Foundations Nursing
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Nursing Theories
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  1. to facilitate "the body's reparative processes" by arranging the patients environment
    Nightingale (1860)
  2. to take care for and help patient attain total self-care
    Orem (1971)
  3. To provide care consistent with nursing's emerging science and knowledge, with caring as central focus
    Leininger (1978)
  4. To identify types of demands placed on patient, assess adaptation to demands, and help patient adapt
    Roy (1979)
  5. To focus on man as living unity and man's qualitative participation with health experience (nursing as science and art)
    Parse (1981)
  6. To focus on patient's needs for caring as means of coping with stressors of illness
    Benner and Wrubel (1989)
  7. Patient's environment is arranged; includes appropriate noise control, nutrition, hygiene, lighting, comfort, socialization, and hope
    Nightingale (1860)
  8. This is self care deficit theory. Nursing care becomes necessary when patient is unable to fulfill biologic, psychological, developmental, or social needs
    Orem (1971)
  9. In this transcultural care theory, caring is the central and unifying domain for nursing knowledge and practice
    Leininger (1978)
  10. This adaptation model is based on the physiologic, psychological, sociologic, and dependence-independence adaptive modes
    Roy (1979)
  11. Man continually interacts with environment and participates in maintenance of health. Health is a continual, open process rather than a state of well-being or absence of disease
    Parse (1981)
  12. Caring is central to the essence of nursing. Caring creates the possibilities of coping and enable possibilities for coping and enables possibilities for connecting with and concern for others
    Benner and Wrubel (1989)

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