Card Set Information
Animal nutrition VOA
What are the 3 forms of food? and Pros and cons of each
Pros - good shelf life, no bad odour, may assist in dental care.
Cons - not a palatable
Pros - very palatable, no preservatives.
Cons - bad odour. difficult to store
Pros - usually packed in individual servings, high digestablility.
Cons - oftern contain large amoutns of surgar. more expensive
What are the 5 nutritional stages of life ?
What are 3 things to recommend when changing an animals diet ?
Needs to be done over a period of time 5 - 10 days
Gradually add new diet in each day
What diet should you feed a puppy or kitten when you first bring it home ?
The same diet that it was at previous home, place. Will help reduce stress. then you can slowly change diet.
What is the best feeding regime for a dog. ?
Large meals interrupted by periods of fasting. OR meal feeding.. amount restricted.
What is the best feeding regime for a cat ?
free choice feeding
What are 7 conditions/disease that can be managed by nutrition ?
What needs to be done before you change an animals diet to manage a disease/condition?
A complete PE by the vet.
Many disease condition may be masked by other underlying conditions, there fore the vet must rule out the reason for the condition
What vare 5 predisposing factors to obesity ?
Living environment and typer of lifestyle
Genetic predisposition (breed)
Voluntary activity levels
External influences on food intake
What are 5 health problems that can be linked to obesity ?
Respiratory and cardiac problems
What are the 3 steps involved in body condition scoring ?
do a rib check
stand over the animal and assess the animal from a top view
Stand to the side of the dog and asses the animal from a side view
What factors predispose cats to FLUTD ?
Age 1-6yrs most common
Diet mineral levels
Stress stressed cats can hold their urine
What are some signs and symptoms of FLUTD ?
Blood in urine
Urination in inappropriate places
excessive licking of urogenital area
Where would you find premium brand foods ?
Sold in pet stores and vet clinics.
When lactating how much can a bitchs food intake increase ?
It can increase up to 3 times during 3 and 4th week of lactation.
Allow increased energy intake in oder to rpevent weight loss.
Describe 3 changes that need to be made for a pregnant animal.
Increased requirement of certain nutrients
- support the growth of fetuses
Increased amount of food with fetal growth
Type of feeding
- frequent small meals daily, may beed to chagne to freechoice feeding in order to meet the high demands of lactation
Should you rotate food types and flavours ?
No. rotating will often lead to finicky feeding behaviours.
Change in diet upsets GI tract
What are energy requirements measured in ?
kilo calories per day. kcal/day
What is the basic component of a protein ?
Classified as essential, or non essential
What is the approximate water content of canned, dry and semi moist foods ?
60 - 80%
10 - 14%
25 - 40%
Name the fat soluble vitamins and the water soluble vitamins
vitamins A,D,E,K. stores in the liver, not necessarily required daily in diet.
C & B complex, readily excreted in urine and are not stored well.
What do you call a graphic or pictorial representation of a product displayed on a food bag ?
Working or stressed animals need more energy in the form of what ?
usually in the form of fat- 2.5 more energy dense.
What are some MACRO and MICRO minerals ?
Ca, P, Na, K, Mg
Zing, Manganese, tace elements.
What is the Principle display panel?
Fist line of ocmmunication and attracts the consumers attention. Front of container.
Net weight display
Bursts and flags
Product picture or slogan
What is the information panel, or statutory statement ?
Second line of communication. Supplies data about the product.
Basis of nutrition claim
What is the guaranteed analysis ?
Includes crude proteint, curde fat, crude fibre and moisture.
It gives a general indication of tolerances for the nutritents in a diet, but is of little vaule in comparing specific nutrients.
What are 3 things required by law on a pet food label ?
Cat or dog food
Name of the manufacturer
What are 3 types of food fed to pets ?
Commercially manufactured foods:
generic or private label, popular foods, premium brands
: requires detailed knowledge of nutritional requirements of each species
do not have to be nutritionally complete
What are 3 examples of commercially prepared varieties ?
Generic or private label - Old roy
Popular foods - Pedigree
Premium - Medi -cal