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2013-04-06 17:28:09
Animal nutrition VOA

Show Answers:

  1. What are the 3 forms of food? and Pros and cons of each
    • Dry food: Pros - good shelf life, no bad odour, may assist in dental care.
    •      Cons - not a palatable
    • Canned food: Pros - very palatable, no preservatives.
    •      Cons - bad odour. difficult to store
    • Semi moist: Pros - usually packed in individual servings, high digestablility.
    •      Cons - oftern contain large amoutns of surgar. more expensive
  2. What are the 5 nutritional stages of life ?
    • Growth
    • Maintenance
    • Gestation/lactation
    • working/stressed
    • Geriatric/senior
  3. What are 3 things to recommend when changing an animals diet ?
    • Very slowly
    • Needs to be done over a period of time 5 - 10 days
    • Gradually add new diet in each day
  4. What diet should you feed a puppy or kitten when you first bring it home ?
    The same diet that it was at previous home, place. Will help reduce stress. then you can slowly change diet.
  5. What is the best feeding regime for a dog. ?
    Large meals interrupted by periods of fasting.  OR meal feeding.. amount restricted.
  6. What is the best feeding regime for a cat ?
    free choice feeding
  7. What are 7 conditions/disease that can be managed by nutrition ?
    • Skin disease
    • Skeletal disease
    • Gastrointestinal disease
    • Food hypersensitivity
    • Cancer
    • Obesity
    • FLUITD
    • Diabetes Mellitus
  8. What needs to be done before you change an animals diet to manage a disease/condition?
    • A complete PE by the vet.
    • Many disease condition may be masked by other underlying conditions, there fore the vet must rule out the reason for the condition
  9. What vare 5 predisposing factors to obesity ?
    • Living environment and typer of lifestyle
    • Genetic predisposition (breed)
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Voluntary activity levels
    • External influences on food intake
  10. What are 5 health problems that can be linked to obesity ?
    • Respiratory and cardiac problems
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Liver problems
    • Pancreatic problems
    • Heat intolerance
    • Skeletal problems
  11. What are the 3 steps involved in body condition scoring ?
    • Step 1: do a rib check
    • Step 2: stand over the animal and assess the animal from a top view
    • Step 3: Stand to the side of the dog and asses the animal from a side view
  12. What factors predispose cats to FLUTD ?
    • Age  1-6yrs most common
    • Gender  males
    • Diet   mineral levels
    • Activity level  
    • Stress  stressed cats can hold their urine
  13. What are some signs and symptoms of FLUTD ?
    • Blood in urine
    • Painful urination
    • Frequent urinations
    • Urination in inappropriate places
    • excessive licking of urogenital area
  14. Where would you find premium brand foods ?
    • Sold in pet stores and vet clinics.
    • Medi-cal. Hills
  15. When lactating how much can a bitchs food intake increase ?
    • It can increase up to 3 times during 3 and 4th week of lactation. 
    • Allow increased energy intake in oder to rpevent weight loss.
  16. Describe 3 changes that need to be made for a pregnant animal.
    • Increased requirement of certain nutrients - support the growth of fetuses
    • Increased amount of food with fetal growth -
    • Type of feeding - frequent small meals daily, may beed to chagne to freechoice feeding in order to meet the high demands of lactation
  17. Should you rotate food types and flavours ?
    • No.  rotating will often lead to finicky feeding behaviours.
    • Change in diet upsets GI tract
  18. What are energy requirements measured in ?
    kilo calories per day.  kcal/day
  19. What is the basic component of a protein ?
    • Amino acids.
    • Classified as essential, or non essential
  20. What is the approximate water content of canned, dry and semi moist foods ?
    • Canned: 60 - 80%
    • Dry: 10 - 14%
    • Semi-moist: 25 - 40%
  21. Name the fat soluble vitamins and the water soluble vitamins
    • Fat soluble: vitamins A,D,E,K. stores in the liver, not necessarily required daily in diet.
    • Water soluble: C & B complex, readily excreted in urine and are not stored well.
  22. What do you call a graphic or pictorial representation of a product displayed on a food bag ?
  23. Working or stressed animals need more energy in the form of what ?
    usually in the form of fat- 2.5 more energy dense.
  24. What are some MACRO and MICRO minerals ?
    • MACRO: Ca, P, Na, K, Mg
    • MICRO: Zing, Manganese, tace elements.
  25. What is the Principle display panel?
    • Fist line of ocmmunication and attracts the consumers attention.  Front of container.
    • Product identity
    • Net weight display
    • Bursts and flags
    • Product picture or slogan
  26. What is the information panel, or statutory statement ?
    • Second line of communication.  Supplies data about the product.
    • Nutrition statement
    • Basis of nutrition claim
    • Ingredient list
  27. What is the guaranteed analysis ?
    • Includes crude proteint, curde fat, crude fibre and moisture.
    • It gives a general indication of tolerances for the nutritents in a diet, but is of little vaule in comparing specific nutrients.
  28. What are 3 things required by law on a pet food label ?
    • Cat or dog food
    • The weight
    • Name of the manufacturer
  29. What are 3 types of food fed to pets ?
    • Commercially manufactured foods: generic or private label, popular foods, premium brands
    • Homemade diets: requires detailed knowledge of nutritional requirements of each species
    • Snacks: do not have to be nutritionally complete
  30. What are 3 examples of commercially prepared varieties ?
    • Generic or private label - Old roy
    • Popular foods - Pedigree
    • Premium - Medi -cal