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What are the four language systems?
- SOUNDS of a language
- between fa and ba
- Babies hear a lot of them
- Distinguish phonemes early on- deteriorates later(8-10 monthes)- CRITICAL PERIOD to learn
- We are BIOLOGICALLY prepared to learn language
- can differentiate speech- slow and exaggerated, babies love.
- study of WORDS and their MEANINGS
- RULES used to describe STRUCTURE and LANGUAGE
- how people use LANGUAGE to COMMUNICATE
How do infants perceive speech?
- prepared to learn language
- differentiate speech- like slow and exaggerated
What is infant-directed speech and how does it help language development?
- Adults speak slowly and exaggerated
- change pitch and loudness
- attracts infants attention
- more salient language cues- can segment words effectively
- Good examples of vowels
What are the steps of speech production?
2 monthes: cooing (vowel like sounds)
6 monthes: babbling (speech like sounds with no meaning (ie little girl)
- 8-11 monthes: babling includes intonation (rising of falling pitch)
- babbline depends on the speech they hear
- melody of language is important
- takes turns, waits, pauses
- First words around first bday
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