Childhood Exam

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Anonymous
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211900
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Childhood Exam
Updated:
2013-04-07 01:14:58
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Child
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  1. What are the four language systems?
    • Phonemes:
    • SOUNDS of a language
    • Difference
    • between fa and ba
    • Babies hear a lot of them
    • Distinguish phonemes early on- deteriorates later(8-10 monthes)- CRITICAL PERIOD to learn
    • language
    • We are BIOLOGICALLY prepared to learn language

    • Infants
    • can differentiate speech- slow and exaggerated, babies love. 
    • Semantics:
    • study of WORDS and their MEANINGS

    • Grammar:
    • RULES used to describe STRUCTURE and LANGUAGE

    • Pragmatics:
    • how people use LANGUAGE  to COMMUNICATE
    • effectively
  2. How do infants perceive speech?
    • Babies
    • hear phonemes

    • BIOLOGICALLY
    • prepared to learn language

    • Can
    • differentiate speech- like slow and exaggerated
  3. What is infant-directed speech and how does it help language development?
    • Adults speak slowly and exaggerated
    • change pitch and loudness
    • attracts infants attention
    • more salient language cues- can segment words effectively 
    • Good examples of vowels
  4. What are the steps of speech production?
    2 monthes: cooing (vowel like sounds)

    6 monthes: babbling (speech like sounds with no meaning (ie little girl)

    • 8-11 monthes: babling includes intonation (rising of falling pitch)
    • babbline depends on the speech they hear
    • melody of language is important
    • takes turns, waits, pauses
    • First words around first bday

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