Wild Fire 4-6-13 Part 3

Card Set Information

Wild Fire 4-6-13 Part 3
2013-05-01 01:19:48
BSA 47

Wildland Notes
Show Answers:

  1. What type of attack, starts at the base and moves along one flank putting out the fire as it goes? 215
    A flanking attack
  2. What is similar to the flanking attack but there are several resources moving along the same line. The lead engine is knocking the fire down, and the following equipment is backing them up? 215
    A tandem attack
  3. What attack involves forces working both flanks simultaneously, trying to pinch off the head of the fire? 216
    The pincer attack
  4. What type of attack follows the fire line within 50 feet and is Immediately burned out after construction? 216
    Parallel attack
  5. What type of attack is where you select the ground on which to meet the fire to gain the greatest advantage? 217
    Indirect attack
  6. Fire line should be constructed on or within, how many feet, from the fires edge? 217
    50 feet
  7. What type of an attack in light fuels were you can maneuver to your advantage, incorporated spots or pockets; at the base of slopes, when the fire is above you; and only when you have adequate forces should be used?  217
    Parallel attack
  8. What is the advantage of the parallel attack method? TQ 218
    Firefighters can drop back from the fires an edge, getting away from the smoke and heat.
  9. What is the disadvantage of the parallel attack method? TQ 218
    It fails to take advantage of fire line that has burned out on its own
  10. What is the purpose of hot spotting?  Page 220
    It keeps rapidly advancing fingers in check until fire lines are constructed.  Very dangerous
  11. What is a disadvantage of the indirect attack method? 220
    Burning out may leave unburned islands
  12. What are the two types of mop-up?  Page 222
    Dry and wet
  13. What is done using hand tools with no water, retardant or other wetting agent? 222
    Dry mop-up
  14. What is one of the most important phases of fire suppression on a wildland incident? 222
    Mop up because remaining burning debris may rekindle
  15. What do you call branches or whole trees that may be under tension in the pile? 228
    Spring poles
  16. What can happen to spring poles as you uncover and/or free them? 228
    They can spring out of the pile with tremendous force
  17. What is one of the primary purposes of patrolling an area? 230
    To locate spot fires
  18. The single most destructive piece of equipment in the wildland firefighting arsenal? 234
    The bulldozer
  19. What is the most versatile firefighting resource you have?  TQ page 238
    The engine company
  20. What type of engines are primarily used for protecting structures?  Page 240
    Type 1 and 2
  21. What type of an attack can be used only when the fuels are light (grass or scattered brush and sage), and when the topography allows the maneuvering of engine across it?  TQ page 241
    Mobile attack
  22. What are the 4 mobile attack methods? 242
    • Flanking
    • Tandem
    • Pincer
    • Envelopment
  23. What is the first action when attempting a flanking attack within engine?  TQ page 242
    Pick an anchor point
  24. What are the most versatile fire nozzles? 245
    Combination nozzles
  25. What are the 2 main hose lay accessories? 245
    The spanner wrench and the hose clamp
  26. When drafting what happens for every 1000 feet change in elevation? 245
    There is a loss of 1 foot in suction or lift
  27. What are the two most common power tools carried on an engine?  254
    Chain saw and portable pump
  28. What are the 3 types of portable pumps?
    • Those that are placed on landed near a water source
    • In the water (submersible)
    • Those that flowed on the water source
  29. What is the objective of tactical air operations? 257
    To aid in safe, effective and efficient fire suppression activities
  30. This type of the apparatus is most effective when used during initial attack, when the fire is small, and when they work in conjunction with ground forces.  TQ 257
  31. What are the 4 things that limit air tankers? 258
    • Steep terrain
    • Powerlines
    • Wind
    • Smoke
  32. How many minutes apart should air tankers be able to make a drop to be effective? 258
    A drop every 5 minutes
  33. Most retardant are produced by combining water, several chemical, and a coloring agent, what is the main chemical ingredient? 260
  34. What is the single purpose of air tankers? 262
    To deliver retardant
  35. Helicopters can be fitted with 2 types of drop tanks? 264
    Buckets and fixed tanks
  36. What are the sizes of the buckets on Helicopters? 264
    Buckets range from 100 to 2000 gallons
  37. What are more accurate, Buckets or fixed tanks? 264
    Fixed tanks
  38. When are helicopters most effective?  265
    When they have an organized helitack crew assigned
  39. What are the 2 functions for an engine company at a Helispot? 267
    • Providing a water source
    • Crash, fire, rescue services
  40. Why is the air attack officer input of the fire so important? 268
    they a tremendous view of the situation and can see the big picture better than anyone else
  41. What 2 fire behaviors may make retardant drops ineffective? 270
    • The fire is crowning
    • Spotting is widespread
  42. What is one of the quickest ways to kill the morale and effectiveness of the crew?  Page 273
    With the quality of food or lack of it
  43. How much fire line should a 15 person crew be able to construct in an hour?  Page 275
    3 foot wide fire line around a 1 acre grass fire
  44. The most common versatile bulldozer for a wildland firefighting is the medium bulldozer equipped with an angle blade. A straight plate is better and working in and around timber. 278
  45. Where is the best place for bulldozer constructed Fireline? 280
    On ridge tops
  46. How far should you stay away from a working bulldozer? 286
     A minimum of 50 feet
  47. When using the term interface condition how many structures per acre are there? 291
    Usually 3 or more
  48. When using the term intermix condition how many structures per acre are there? 291
    Ranges from 2 structures per acre to 1 structure per 40 acres
  49. What must you do if the number of homes at risk exceeds the number of available engine companies?  TQ 292
    You must remain mobile and you will have to triage the structures
  50. What are your 6 primary considerations as you arrive at the fire?  TQ 293
    • Firefighter safety
    • Life threats
    • Potential fire behavior
    • Access
    • Nature of the threat to structures
    • Water supply
  51. What is the best way to protect structures from advancing fire? 293
    Is to control the fire front before it reaches them
  52. What are the 3 fire behavior conditions that you must track at all times? 294
    • Rate of spread
    • Number of firebrands
    • Length of heat
  53. Based on our size up and continuing observations, what should try and predict? 296
    Where the fire will be in 1 hour increments
  54. What are the 3 categories of triaging wildland structures? 298
    • Those needing little or no attention
    • Those that need protection
    • Those that are lost
  55. It is estimated that 90% of structures that are lost to an advancing wildland fire are lost because of a lack of? TQ 299
    Adequate clearance from flammable fuels
  56. What are the 2 basic reasons to evacuate an area? 302
    • To move the residents out of harms way
    • To clear the area so that firefighting personnel can move about more freely
  57. What is the rule of thumb when assigning engine companies in the structure threat zone?  TQ 306
    One engine per structure, with one additional engine for every four to be used to patrol the area and remain flexible
  58. If the structures are close together, 50 feet are less, 1 engine company may be able to protect how many structures? TQ 306
    2 structures.
  59. For 1 engine company to be able to protect 2 structures how close together should they be? TQ 306
    50 feet are less
  60. In an active firefight what is the average gallons of water per engine per hour that you can anticipate using?  TQ Page 306
    400 to 800 gallons per hour
  61. How long can a foam blanket last in cool, calm conditions? 314
    Up to a couple of hours, but more likely 15 to 30 minutes in most situations.
  62. What can last up to 4 hours as a fire retardant? 314
  63. For defensible spaces, how much clearance should there be? 315
    At least two times the flame length-three times, if possible. If the fire will be approaching from below, the steepness of the slope will dictate even greater clearance
  64. The most common hose lay for perimeter structure protection? 318
    2 lines, of 1 ½ or 1 ¾ inch lines one on each side of the structure
  65. What is the burnout time or heat wave you can expect in a brush fire?  320
    10 to 15 minutes
  66. The command staff is made up of what three positions?  TQ 329
    Information officer, safety officer and liaison officer
  67. The general staff is made up of what positions?  330
    • (F.L.O.P.)
    • Finance/administration
    • Logistics
    • Operations
    • Planning.
  68. What is used to divide an incident geographically?  TQ 331
  69. This position generally answers to the operations section chief?  TQ 331
  70. Are Deputies used at the division or group level? 332
  71. The primary function of this section is to develop the incident action plan for each operational period and track the fire? 334
  72. One important functions of this section is to anticipate potential problems and events that may come up beyond the current operational period? 334
    the planning Section
  73. What is the 1st responsibility of the planning section? 334
    To "check in" all of the resources
  74. At a large wildland incident where is the logistics section located? 341
    At base
  75. What is the location at which the primary service and support activities are performed?  TQ page 341
    Incident base
  76. What is the main location for parking, fuel, maintenance, and loading of helicopters? 342
  77. What are temporary locations from which helicopters can safely operate? 343
  78. What are the 3 general types of resources managed under the ICS?  345
    Single resources, task forces, strike teams
  79. Each resource team will be in 1 of 3 status conditions, what are they? 347
    • Assigned
    • Available
    • Out of service
  80. What 2 types of engines are the most widely used wildland firefighting engines ?347
    Type 3 and 6 engines
  81. What is one of the most important features of ICS? 352
    Unified command
  82. What is the term that is used to describe multiple fires in the general location managed by a single incident management team? 354
    A "complex" fire
  83. If one of the fires within the complex grows too large, it may be wise to establish what? 354
    A separate ICS organization to manage it
  84. What is established to oversee the management of several incidents in the same area, usually the same type, or to manage a very large incident were several management teams are in place to direct it? 355
    Area command
  85. What type of tactics are the ones that will get you in real trouble?  Page 363
    Low frequency-high risk
  86. If members of a group do not voice their true feelings, or are not allowed or encouraged to say what they really feel, an organization or group may develop a plan or pursue an action that is contrary to the true desires of the group members, this is called? 373
    The "Abilene Paradox"
  87. What is the primary and most important tool in fighting wildland fires? 374
    The firefighter
  88. This is a situation where an individual has determined they cannot take an assignment as given and they are unable to negotiate an alternative solution or mitigate the risk? 375
    A "Turn down"
  89. What are the 5 operational firefighting modes? 375
    • Initial attack
    • Extended attack
    • Large fire operations
    • Mega fire operations
    • Recovery and rehabilitation
  90. If suppression actions stops the head the two flanks may flare up and develop into two new heads.  What is this call?  Page 376
    Splitting the head
  91. 95% of all fires are controlled at less than how many acres? 376
    10 acres
  92. What is the only industry protected by the United States constitution.?382
    The Media
  93. If you have a few small fires and 1 large fire, which should you attack 1st? TQ 390
    The small ones
  94. Situation question - In a grass fire on flat country in strong winds with all three engines in a tandem mobile attack on the right flank, what could be a 2nd option for the 3rd engine? TQ 395
    Use the third engine on the left flank
  95. Situation question- A structure fire involving an LPG tank which is burning from the relief valve at the top of the tank. Radiant heat from the fire has ignited the roof of the structure, how should you fight the fire? TQ 402
    Attack the fire in the structure and begin cooling the tank. Since there is no direct impingement of flame on the tank the chance of the tank rupturing is reduced