PATIENT CARE CH 13.14 PPTS PART2

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RadTherapy
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212057
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PATIENT CARE CH 13.14 PPTS PART2
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2013-04-07 22:53:56
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PATIENT CARE
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  1. The pharmacologic principle which depends upon adequate circulation
    Ditribution
  2. When medication is injected directly into the vein or artery, absorption is needed
    FALSE pg 248
  3. How are oral medications absorbed?
    through the lining of the mucosal lining or of the GI tract
  4. What are products of metabolism?
    metabolites
  5. What is the chief organ of excretion?
    Kidneys
  6. What Wht odes the rate of EXCRETION depend upon?
    the drugs half-life and concentration of tissues
  7. How are drugs excreted?
    • Exocrine glands (tear ducts, salivary, sweat, mammary, intestines, kidneys)
    • lungs (gaseous)
  8. What 3 emergency procedures every therapist should know?

    LAP
    • -Location of emergency supplies
    • -Administer oxygen
    • -Perform CPR
  9. Asthma attack, pulmonary edema, anaphylactic shock and cardiac arrest are examples of 
    ___________ situations
    emergency
  10. drugs to relieve pain
    analgesics
  11. Drugs to suppress sensation of feeling
    anesthestic
  12. Drugs which lower blood pressure
    ANTI hypertensive
  13. CAtegory for Chemo drugs
    Anti neoplastic ( no new cells)
  14. What enhances internal tissues for imaging?
    Contrast media
  15. What reduces inflammation?
    Corticosteroids
  16. Drugs used to augment endocrine secretion
    Hormones
  17. Drugs which relieve pain
    narcotics
  18. Drugs used in Nuclear medicine exams?
    radioactive isotopes
  19. How are alcohol and certain anesthetics excreted?
    lungs
  20. A common cause of toxic effect of drugs to a patient can occur when _______
    there is insufficient fluid intake
  21. The Study of the effects of drugs on the normal physiological functions of the body
    Pharmacodynamics
  22. True or False
    Therapeutic isotopes stay in the body
    true
  23. The action of a drug on specific cells is called the _____
    therapeutic effect
  24. Examples of anticipated outcomes of therapeutic effect are
    • Diuresis (increased urine production)
    • increased cardiac output
    • relief from pain
  25. A drug that produces a specific action and promotes the desired result is referred to as
    an agonist
  26. a drug that attaches itself to the receptor . preventing the agonist from acting

    (agonist blocker)
    antagonist
  27. A type of medication which causes dry mouth
    anticholinergic medication such as atropine
  28. this effect occurs when drugs are combined and have an additive effect
    Synergistic effect
  29. Which group is the most effective analgesic?
    Opioids, (opium, morphine, codeine, sleep inducing narcotic)
  30. How often are controlled substances counted/
    daily
  31. These act by depressing the the CNS, relieving pain and producing drowsiness
    opioids
  32. Patients receiving opiates must be constantly monitored for respiratory depression

    true or false
    true
  33. Lidocaine is an example of what  drug category
    anesthetic
  34. what are the most common antagonists encountered
    • Ativan
    • valium
    • Versed
    • benzodiazepine
  35. medications used to regulate blood glucose
    hypoglycemic agents
  36. A common side effect of anticholinergic drug is
    dry mouth
  37. Opioid drugs are prescribed to
    alleviate pain
  38. the name given to the medication by manufacturer is called its
    proprietary name
  39. Narcan is an antagonist drug that may be given in cases of overdose of _______ drugs
    opiate
  40. The method by which metabolites of drugs are eliminated from the body is  called
    excretion
  41. An idiosynscratic medication reaction is one that is
    unusual
  42. A common medication that is classed both a s a tranquilizer and an anti convulsant is ________
    diazepam
  43. the intended effect of succinylcholine chloride is
    muscle paralysis (anectine) 10-30 min artificial respiration is necessary
  44. the route of administration for any medication order is determined by referring to ________
    physicians orders

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