Patient care Ch 13,14 Ehrlich ppts. Part 3

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RadTherapy
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212067
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Patient care Ch 13,14 Ehrlich ppts. Part 3
Updated:
2013-04-07 22:17:19
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TEST
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Routes of Drug administration
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  1. Name the 5 routes of Drug administration
    • Oral
    • Mucous (lung, anal,sublingual, buccal)
    • topical
    • parenteral (injection) (7 types)
    • Catheterization (into bladder)
  2. What are the 7 types of parenteral routes of drug administration?
    • (6)Intra- cranial,dermal, muscular, venous, thecal L3-L4, tracheal
    • (1) subdermal
  3. How are needles measured?
    by gauge, smaller the number, the larger the gauge needle
  4. What a re the three methods of IV administration?
    • Continuous fusion (liters per hour)
    • Piggy-backed (2-3 at a time)
    • Bolus or push ( push in all at once
  5. At what height is ideal for IV bag?
    • 18-20" above site to prevent back flow
    • (opposite for catheter)
  6. Abbreviations for meds
    bid
    tid
    quid
    quod
    • 2x a day
    • 3x a day
    • 4x a day
    • every other day
  7. Abbreviations for meds
    PO
    stat
    prn
    • by mouth (per os)
    • at once
    • as needed
  8. Abbreviations for meds
    ac
    pc
    • before meals
    • after meals
  9. Abbreviations for meds
    q
    h
    qh
    q3h
    hs
    • every
    • hour
    • every hour
    • every 3 hours
    • at bedtime
  10. Name 3 hazards of IV fluids
    • infiltration
    • extravasation
    • air embolism
  11. when the vein cannot absorb the fluid quick enough and there is leakage around the injection site
    infiltration
  12. Contrast media injected directly into tissue instead of the vein
    extravasation (vein blow)
  13. What is Caused by too fast delivery, drug incompatibility , clotting and phlebitis
    • Air embolism
    • electrolyte imbalance
    • edema
    • speed shock
  14. In nuclear medicine, what is the positive contrast medium ABSORBS
    Radiopaque bone appears WHITE on xray
  15. in nuclear medicine, what is the negative contrast medium. PASSES THROUGH
    radiolucent  air in lungs appear dark on xrays
  16. What is the most commonly used contrast agent (heavy metal salt) used in GI tract
    barium sulfate
  17. How is barium sulfate administered?
    • rectally or orally 
    • can cause cramping and constipation

    **cannot be used if GI tract is perforated**
  18. In which contrast do atoms split into positive and negative charged particles when in contact with body fluids.
    ** with so many particles in bloodstream absorbing water , fluid balance is affected**
    ionic contrast
  19. In what contrast do atoms NOT split when in contact with body fluids , therefore not upsetting body fluid balance.
    (used more )
    Nonionic contrast
  20. Tese atoms displace water in the cells and absorb x ray photons in those regions. 

    _______ iodides attach to water soluble carrier molecules and dispatch to areas of the body
    Organic
  21. In CT and MRI dept, what is used to inject patient with contrast
    power injector
  22. Nausea, mild vomitting and retching are all what degree of reaction from contrast media
    Minor
  23. Fainting, chest and abdominal pain. headache and edema of the face are what degree of reaction from contrast
    moderate
  24. syncope convulsions, pulmonary edema and cardiac arrest are what type of contrast reaction
    Severe
  25. The sac around the spinal cord is called the _____ sac
    thecal

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