PTG 105-Exam 3- Lecture 17-5

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kyleannkelsey
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PTG 105-Exam 3- Lecture 17-5
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2013-04-08 00:25:46
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PTG 105 Exam Lecture 17
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PTG 105-Exam 3- Lecture 17-5
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  1. Prostatic cancer produces what tumor marker?
    Prostatic specific antigen
  2. What is Prostatic Specific Antigen used for?
    To detect prostate cancer and monitor for follow up
  3. What are the three common etiologies for prostatic cancer?
    • Androgens
    • Genetics
    • Environment
  4. In what geographical area are men most likely to develop prostatic cancer?
    Scandinavia
  5. Scandinavia has a high incidence of what disease?
    Prostatic cancer
  6. Which group African Americans or Asians are more susceptible to Prostatic Carcinoma?
    African Americans
  7. What are the signs and symptoms of Prostatic carcinoma?
    • Usually asymptomatic
    • Nodule on rectal exam
    • Bone pain
    • Lower urinary tract obstruction
    • Difficulty in urination
    • Bladder infection
  8. If a patient presents with a nodule on rectal exam, bone pain, lower urinary tract infection, bladder infection, difficulty in urination what disease is suspected?
    Prostatic cancer
  9. What bone issue is caused by prostatic carcinoma?
    Osteoblastic (bone forming leasions)
  10. Osteoblastic (bone forming lesions) are characteristic of what disease?
    Prostatic carcinoma
  11. What is Osetoblastic?
    Bone forming
  12. What is a term for bone forming?
    Osteoblastic
  13. What is the term for destruction of the bone?
    • Osteolytic
    • What site does the prostate favor for metastasis?
    • Bone
  14. What disease favors the bone for metastasis?
    Prostate cancer
  15. Prostate adenocarcinoma is easily visualized grossly (T/F/)?
    False
  16. The Gleason system for cancer grading looks at what pattern in the tumor?
    Gland pattern
  17. Prostate Cancer is graded by what system?
    Gleason system
  18. A system that is used to grade cancer by looking at the gland patterns is called:
    Gleason system
  19. The Gleason score correlates with what?
    Prognosis
  20. What are CA?
    Small round glands that lack basal layer of cells
  21. Small round cells that lack a basal layer of cell are called:
    CA
  22. What is Cystitis?
    Inflammation of the bladder mucosa (infection),
  23. Inflammation of the bladder mucosa caused by an infection is called what?
    Cystitis
  24. What is Cystitis caused by usually?
    E. coli (same as nephritis)
  25. What disease has a similar etiology to nephritis?
    Cystitis
  26. How is Cystitis diagnosed?
    By culture
  27. How is Cystitis treated?
    Antibiotics
  28. What are the symptoms of Cystitis?
    • Frequent urination
    • Urgency
    • Dysuria
    • WBCs in the urine
    • Bacteria in the Urine
  29. If a patient presents with frequent urination, dysuria, urgency and WBCs and bacteria in the urine, what disease is indicated?
    Cystitis
  30. Acute cystitis has what gross appearance?
    Mucosal inflammation and ulceration
  31. Syphilis is caused by what bacteria?
    Treponema pallidum
  32. Treponema pallidum causes what sexually transmitted disease?
    Syphilis
  33. What ways can you screen for Syphilis?
    • RPR (reapid plasma reagin)
    • VRDL (veneral disease research lab test)
  34. What disease would you screen for using VRDL (veneral disease research lab test) or RPR (rapid plasma reagin)?
    Syphilis
  35. Once you have gotten a positive for a Syphilis screening test what test wouldyou perform to confirm your diagnosis?
    FTA (fluorescent treponemal antibody test)
  36. What disease would you use fluorescent treponemal antibody test to confirm a positive screening test?
    Syphilis
  37. How is Syphilis transmitted?
    Through direct contact with the sores
  38. How many stages are there to syphilis?
    Three stages
  39. What are the three stages of syphilis?
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Tertiary
  40. What is characteristic of primary syphilis?
    Painless sores that are self-resolving (CHANCRES)
  41. What areas are syphilitic lesions of primary syphilis found?
    Mouth, lips, genitals, penis, vagina and anus
  42. Painless sores found on the mouth genitals and anus that resolve themselves are an indication of what disease?
    Syphilis (primary syphilis)
  43. What are the characteristics of secondary syphilis?
    • Rash,
    • Sore throat
    • Muscle pain
    • Tiredness
    • Swollen lymph nodes
  44. A person with swollen lymph nodes, a rash, sore throat, muscle pain and tiredness likely has what STD?
    Secondary Syphilis
  45. Tertiary Syphilis mainly causes damage to what parts of the body?
    Heart nervous system and skin
  46. What are skin lesions of tertiary syphilis called?
    Gummas

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