An early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind.
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
An organized whole. These psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes.
A branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions.
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
The study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.
A branch of psychology that studies the links between biological (including neuroscience and behavior genetics) and psychological processes.
The scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.