Unit 2

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Author:
jessprather
ID:
212146
Filename:
Unit 2
Updated:
2013-04-15 01:02:35
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Fundamentals nursing
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nursing content
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  1. Early morning care
    Providing a urinal or bedpan, washing face & hands, and giving oral care.
  2. Morning care
    After breakfast, elimination needs, bath or shower, perineal care, back massages, oral, nail and hair care, and making the bed.
  3. HS care
    elimination needs, washing face & hands, oral care and back massage
  4. sebum
    oily substance that soften the hair & skin
  5. sudoriferous (sweat) glands
    all over body except the lips & part of the genitals.
  6. apocrine glands
    Axillae & anogenital areas
  7. eccrine glands
    palms of hands
  8. erythema
    redness
  9. hirsutism
    excessive hair
  10. fissures
    deep grooves, usually between the toes
  11. tinea pedis
    athletes foot, ringworm of the foot caused by a fungus.
  12. gingiva
    the gum
  13. Number of temporary teeth:
    20
  14. NUmber of permanent teeth
    33
  15. periodontal disease
    gum disease, loss of teeth
  16. dental caries
    cavities
  17. plaque
    invisible soft film on enamel surface of teeth
  18. tartar
    visible hard deposit of plaque and dead bacteria at the gum lines
  19. gingivitis
    red, swollen gingiva
  20. pyorrhea
    teeth are loose and pus is evident when gums are pressed
  21. halitosis
    bad breath
  22. glossitis
    inflamed tongue
  23. cheilosis
    cracking of lips
  24. xerostomia
    dry mouth
  25. Oral care for unconscious client
    side-lying position with the head of bed lowered.
  26. alopecia
    hair loss
  27. pediculosis
    lice
  28. scabies
    skin infested by the itch mite
  29. Using a safety razor to shave facial hair:
    • Wear gloves
    • apply shaving cream
    • hold skin taut
    • hold the razor at a 45 degree angle
    • shave in short firm strokes in direction of hair growth
  30. Clear liquid diet
    coffee, tea, cokes, broth, clear fruit juices, popsicles, jello, sugar, honey & hard candy
  31. Full liquid
    • all food on clear liquid plus:
    • milk
    • pudding
    • icecream
    • veg. juices
    • strained cereals
    • cream
    • eggs (custard or pudding)
    • smooth peanut butter
    • yogurt
  32. soft diet
    • Easily chewed & digested, all foods on full & clear diet plus:
    • meat
    • meat alternatives
    • vegetables
    • fruits
    • breads
    • desserts
  33. dysphagia
    unable to swallow
  34. enteral nutrition (EN)
    Provided when client is unable ingest foods, administered through nasogastric and small bore feeding tubes or gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes.
  35. modification for disease
    special diets prescribed to meet requirements for disease processes or altered metabolism

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