LabIII- Cytology

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Anonymous
ID:
212150
Filename:
LabIII- Cytology
Updated:
2013-04-08 11:17:38
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LabIII
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Description:
Cytology
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  1. what are the 4 steps we must be able to perform  with cytology?
    • estabolish dx
    • ID dz process
    • form prognosis
    • direct therapy
  2. cytology samples are collected _____, ______, and ______.
    • quickly
    • easily
    • inexpensively
  3. increase in size of an organ or in a select area of tissue
    hypertrophy
  4. abnormal increase in the # of cells (increase in mitosis)
    hyperplasia
  5. pathological process that results in the formation and growth of a tumor
    neoplasia
  6. tumor, benign or malignant
    neoplasm
  7. change in the type of adult cells in a tissue to a form that is abnormal for that tissue
    metaplasia
  8. abnormality of development, alterations in size, shape, organization of adult cells (non cancerous)
    dysplasia
  9. cancer cells that divide rapidly, & bear little to no resemblance to normal cells
    anaplasia
  10. microscopic appearance of nuclear chromatin
    chromatin pattern
  11. what are the 8 methods to collect a sample?
    SSIFPCTN
    • swab
    • scrape
    • imprint
    • FNA
    • centesis
    • transtracheal/bronchial wash
    • nasal flush
  12. swab is used to determine ______ in females, eval. ______ & ______ dz, ______ cytology, ______ tracts
    • stage of estrous
    • urine
    • vaginal
    • ear
    • fistulous
  13. fistulous tract-
    cavity that isnt supposed to be there
  14. what is key to remember with the procedure of a swab?
    ROLL the swab onto the slide
  15. what is used to fix an ear sample to the slide?
    heat fixing
  16. what 3 things are tested for with scraping?
    • parasites
    • bacteria
    • yeast
  17. what is the advantage of doing a skin scrape?
    many cells
  18. what are the disadvantages to doing a skin scrape?
    • more difficult to collect good specimens
    • superficial cells are collected
  19. what are scrapes not used on?
    neoplasia
  20. what is not used for a scrape sample?
    oil for oil immersion
  21. what are impression smears made from?
    • external lesions
    • tissues removed during necropsy and sx
  22. where are impression smears anazlyzed at

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