Unit 3

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Author:
jessprather
ID:
212157
Filename:
Unit 3
Updated:
2013-04-08 13:08:08
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Fundamentals Nursing
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nursing content
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  1. ROM
    range of motion of a joint is the maximum movement that is possible for that joint
  2. proprioception
    awareness of posture, movement & change in equililbrium
  3. Flexion
    Move the head from the upright midline position forward, so that the chin rests on the chest
  4. Extension
    Move the head from the flexed position to the upright position.
  5. Hyperextension
    Move the head as far back as possible
  6. Abduction
    Away from midline
  7. adduction
    Move towards midline
  8. isotonic (dynamic) exercise
    running, walking, swimming, cycling & etc...
  9. Isometric (static) exercises
    abdominal, gluteal, quadriceps, etc...
  10. isokinetic (resistive) exercises
    to build up certain muscle groups
  11. osteoporosis
    bones become brittle and fragile
  12. paresis
    weakened, paralyzed
  13. spastic
    too much muscle tone
  14. flaccid
    without muscle tone
  15. atrophy
    decrease in size
  16. contracture
    permanent shortening of the muscle
  17. ankylosed
    permanently immoblile
  18. Fowlers position
    semi-sitting, a bed position in which the head is raised typically to 60 degrees
  19. Semi-Fowlers
    the head is typically raised 30 degrees
  20. high Fowlers
    90 degrees
  21. dorsal recumbent
    back lying
  22. prone position
    stomach lying, head to side
  23. lateral position
    side lying
  24. Sims' position
    semi-prone, a posture halfway between the lateral and prone positions
  25. cathartic
    laxative
  26. Recommended daily fluid intake:
    2000 to 3000 mL
  27. hypertonic enema
    draws water into the colon
  28. hypotonic
    distends colon
  29. Administering an enema
    left lateral position
  30. One kilogram is equal to:
    2.2 lbs
  31. Urine output per hour
    30 mL
  32. Urine output in 24 hours
    1200-1500 mL
  33. residual urine
    urine remaining in the bladder following voiding
  34. functional urinary incontinence
    not reaching toilet in time
  35. overflow urinary incontinence
    involuntary loss of urine
  36. reflex urinary incontinence
    full bladder loss
  37. coude catheter
    tapered, curved tip; used for men with prostatic hypertrophy b/c controlled easier & less trauma on insertion.
  38. Foley (retention) catheter
    double-lumen
  39. CAUTI
    catheter associated urinary tract infections
  40. three way Foley
    third lumen for irrigating sterile fluid into bladder
  41. Pretesting _________ balloons is not recommended, can cause cuff or crease that can cause trauma.
    silicone
  42. A 5 mL balloon must be inflated with:
    10mL of sterile water

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