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Iterative planning methodology that integrates the activities of the CDR, staff and subordinates headquarters, & other partners to understand the situation & mission; develop COAs, decide on a COA that best accomplishes the mission & produce an operation plan or order for execution.
What are the 7 steps to MDMP?
- Reciept of Mission (6)
- Mission Analysis (19)
- COA Development (8)
- COA Analysis (8)
- COA Comparison (3)
- COA Approval
- Orders Production
What are the 6 sub-steps to Receipt of Mission?
- Alert Staff & other key parties
- Gather Tools
- Update Running Estimates
- Conduct initial Assessment
- Issue CDR's Initial Guidance
- Issue the WARNO #1
What are the 19 sub-steps to Mission Analysis?
- 1.Analyze Higher HQ order
- 2.Perform initial IPB
- 3.Determine Specific, implied and essential Tasks
- 4.Review Available assets & ID resources shortfalls
- 5. Determine Constraints
- 6. ID critical facts & develop assumptions
- 7. Risk Management
- 8. Develop CCIR & EEFI
- 9. Develop Initial ISR tools
- 10. Develop Initial Recon and Surveillance plan
- 11. Update plan for the use of available time
- 12. Develop initial themes & messages
- 13. Develop a proposed problem statement
- 14. Develop a proposed mission statement
- 15. Present the Mission Analysis Briefing
- 16. Develop & issue initial CDR intent
- 17. Develop & issue initial planning guidance
- 18. Develop COA evaluation criteria
- 19. Issue a WARNO (#2)
What are the 8 sub-steps of COA development?
- 1. Assess Combat Power
- 2. Generate Options
- 3. Array Forces
- 4. Develop a Broad Concept
- 5. Assign HQs
- 6. Prepare COA statement & sketch
- 7. Conduct a COA brief
- 8. Select or modify COA for continued analysis.
What are the 8 sub-steps in COA analysis?
- 1. Gather Tools
- 2. List all friendly forces
- 3. List Assumptions
- 4. Know critical events & decision points
- 5. Select Wargaming method
- 6. Select a technique to record & display results
- 7. War-game the operations & assess the results
- 8. Conduct a war-gaming brief (optional)
What are the 3 sub-steps of COA Comparison?
- Conduct Advantages and Disadvantages Analysis
- Compare Courses of Action
- Conduct a Course of Action Decision Briefing
What are the two common trends in the outputs of MDMP?
- Identify Assumptions
- Update Running Estimates
What are the 9 effective staff characteristics?
- Team Player
- Effective Managers
- Effective Communicator
Which step is the most important step in the MDMP process?
What are the outputs to Mission Analysis?
- Approved Problem statement
- Approved Mission statement
- Initial CDR intent
- Initial CCIR / EEFI
- Updated IPB products
- Updated Running Estimates
- Resources Shortfalls
- Updated Operational Themes
- COA evaluation criteria
- WARNO #2
Continuous assessment of the current situation used to determine if the current operations is proceeding according to the CDR's intent & if planned future operations are supportable.
[Running Estimate] What are updated continuously when new information arises?
- Friendly force status
- Enemy activities and capabilities
- civil considerations
- conclusions and recommendations
Commander's intent consists of what parts?
- Key Tasks
- End state
Temporary grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission.
Place on a CDR by a higher Command (CMD); dictates action or inaction, thus restricting the freedom of action of a subordinate CDR.
a task specifically assigned to a unit by its higher HQ.
a task that must be performed to accomplish specified task or mission but is not stated in higher HQ's orders.
a specified or implied task that must be executed to accomplish the mission.
Plans and orders are based on ____ and _____.
a statement of truth or a statement thought to be true at the time.
a supposition on the current situation or a presupposition on the future course of events, either or both assumed to be true in absence of positive proof, necessary to enable the CDR in the process of planning to complete an estimate of the situation and make a decision on the COA.
What are the two types of risk?
- Tactical Risk: deals with the enemy or adversary.
- Accidental Risk: Includes Friendly Forces, Civilians, Environment.
unifying or dominant idea or image that express purpose for military action.
How much time is allotted to the Higher HQ for planning? How much for subordinate units?
1/3 of total time ; 2/3 of total time
What tasks are outlined in the Mission Statement?
What type of criteria is developed in the Mission Analysis?
COA development's purpose is what?
To solve identified problems
What is the key output of COA development?
COA statement & sketches
Solid COA does what three things?
- Allows Sequels
- Employs latitude at lower levels
- Allows flexibility for unforeseen events
the total means of destructive, constructive, and information capabilities that a military unit/formation can apply at a given time.
What three types of operations do we use?
decisive, shaping, and sustaining
How are COA statements expressed? COA sketches?
Brief narrative / picture or graphic
What are the two forms of War-Gaming? Briefly describe each.
- Manual Method - Analog (tabletop)
- Modern Method - Digital (computer)
What is the role playing method used in War-Gaming?
Action, reaction and counteraction
Action is held or acted by whom?
Whoever has the initiative.
What is the key input to COA Comparison?
War-gaming (advantages & disadvantages analysis) results & Evaluation Criteria
What steps are WARNOs produced in MDMP?
- Receipt of Mission
- Mission Analysis
- COA Approval
What are the types of orders?
- 1. Operations Order (OPORD)
- 2. Fragmentary Order (FRAGO)
- 3. Warning Order (WARNO)
What are the 5 paragraphs of an Order?
- Command and Signal
What are the Targeting Officers duties ISO order production?
- Produce Hardcopy TSM
- Produce HPTL, AGM, TSS for inclusion in the order
- Assist in the production of Annex D
a contingency plan or COA for changing the mission, disposition, orientation or direction of movement of the force to aid in the success of the current operation, based on anticipated events, opportunities, or disruptions caused by the enemy.
A major operation that follows the current major operations; Are based on the possible outcomes associated wit the current operation.
What type of operation must be developed, at a minimum, when generating options?
Within which substep of COA Analysis is War Gaming?
What is substep 5 of COA Analysis?
Select a war-gaming method.
What is the most important output of COA Development?
COA statements and sketches.
War-gaming is focused on what?
What is war-gaming?
A disciplined process, with rules and steps that attempt to visualize the flow of the operation, given the force's strengths and dispositions, enemy's capabilities and possible COAs, impact and requirements of civilians in the AO, and other aspects of the situation.
What does COA Analysis do?
COA analysis enables commanders and staffs to identify difficulties or coordination problems as well as probable consequences of planned actions for each COA being considered.
What is COA comparison?
An objective process to evaluate COAs independently and against set evaluation criteria approved by the commander and staff.
What are the two techniques commonly used to record and display COA Analysis results?
- The synchronization matrix technique
- The sketch note technique
What is a decision point?
A decision point is a point in space and time when the commander or staff anticipates making a key decision concerning a specific course of action (JP 5-0).
What are Critical events?
Events that trigger significant actions or decisions (such as commitment of an enemy reserve), complicated actions requiring detailed study (such as a passage of lines), and essential tasks.
What are the three wargaming techniques, and how are the applied to stability operations?
- Belt: Objectives are in a selected slice across all lines of effort.
- Box: A specific objective along a line of effort.
- Avenue-in-depth: Objectives are in one line of effort.
What is a shaping operation?
A shaping operation is an operation at any echelon that creates and preserves conditions for the success of the decisive operation.
What is a decisive operation?
An operation that directly accomplish the mission.
What is a sustaining operation?
An operation at any echelon that enables shaping and decisive operations by generating and maintaining combat power.
How are friendly and enemy forces war-gamed?
Using the action, reaction, and counteraction method.
What is a tactical mission task?
A specific activity performed by a unit while executing a form of tactical operation or form of maneuver. It may be expressed as either an action by a friendly force or effects on an enemy force (FM 7-15).
What go into running estimates?
- Friendly force status.
- Enemy activities and capabilities.
- Civil considerations.
- Conclusions and recommendations.
What is parallel planning?
Parallel planning is two or more echelons planning for the same operation nearly simultaneously.
What is collaborative planning?
Collaborative planning is the real-time interaction among commanders and staffs at two or more echelons developing plans for a particular operation.
What is a fact?
A fact is a statement of truth or a statement thought to be true at the time.
What is an assumption?
An assumption is a supposition on the current situation or a presupposition on the future course of events, either or both assumed to be true in the absence of positive proof, necessary to enable the commander in the process of planning to complete an estimate of the situation and make a decision on the course of action (JP 1-02).
How many substeps are in Mission Analysis?
What is an information theme?
A unifying or dominant idea or image that expresses the purpose for military action.
What is an information message?
A verbal, written, or electronic communications that supports an information theme focused on a specific actor or the public and in support of a specific action (task).
What are the Military Aspects of Terrain (OAKOC)?
- Observation & Fields of Fire
- Avenues of Approach
- Key Terrain
- Cover & Concealment
What are the Military Aspects of Weather (WATCH-VP)?
- Atmospheric Pressure
- Cloud Cover
What are the steps of IPB (D2ED)?
- Define the operational environment.
- Describe the environmental effects on operations.
- Evaluate the threat.
- Determine threat courses of action.
What are the Civil Considerations (ASCOPE)?
What is a Commander's Critical Information Requirement (CCIR)?
An information requirement identified by the commander as being critical to facilitating timely decision making. It includes two key elements; Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR) and Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR).
What is a Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR)?
An intelligence requirement, stated by the commander as a priority for intelligence support, which the commander needs to support decision making and to understand the area of interest or the threat.
What is a Friendly Force Information Requirements (FFIR)?
Information the commander and staff need about the forces available for the operation. This includes personnel, maintenance, supply, ammunition, and petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) status, and experience and leadership capabilities.
What are Essential Elements of Friendly Information (EEFIs)?
They identify those elements of friendly force information that, if compromised, would jeopardize mission success. They have the same importance as CCIRs and must be approved by the commander.
What is the definition of IPB?
A systematic process for analysing and visualiyzing portions of the Mission Variables, including threat, terrain, weather, and civil considerations, in a specific area of interest and for a specific mission. It is a continuous process that updates running estimates and supports MDMP.
MDMP focuses on which set of variables?
Mission variables (METT-TC)
What is the definition of Running Estimate?
A running estimate is the continuous assessment of the current situation used to determine if the current operation is proceeding according to the commander's intent and if planned future operations are supportable (ADP 5-0).
What are the Army command relationships?
What are the Army support relationships?
- Direct Support
- General Support-Reinforcing
- General Support
What is the definition of task organization?
A task organization is a temporary grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission (ADRP 5-0).
What are the three types of tasks, what are their definitions?
- A specified task: a task specifically assigned to a unit by its higher headquarters.
- An implied task: a task that must be performed to accomplish a specified task or mission but is not stated in the higher headquarters' order.
- An essential task: a specified or implied task that must be executed to accomplish the mission.
What are constraints?
A constraint is a restriction placed on the command by a higher command. A constraint dictates an action or inaction,thus restricting the freedom of action of a subordinate commander.
What are Evaluation Criteria?
Evaluation criteria are standards the commander and staff will later use to measure the relative effectiveness and efficiency of one COA relative to other COAs.
What are Screening Criteria? What are the five criteria for COAs?
- Screening criteria defines the limits of an acceptable solution.
- Feasible: accomplish the mission within the established time, space, and resource limitations.
- Acceptable: balance cost and risk with the advantage gained.
- Suitable: accomplish the mission within the CDR's intent and planning guidance.
- Distinguishable: differ significantly from others.
- Complete: Incorporates: decisive, shaping and sustaining operations; offensive, defensive and stability tasks, and tasks to be performed and conditions to be achieved.