BIO disease.txt

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212254
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BIO disease.txt
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2013-04-08 19:18:15
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BIO DISEASE
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  1. The definition of "health" includes
    all of these
  2. In the early 1900s the leading causes of death in the United States were
    infectious diseases
  3. Life expectancy in the United States has increased significantly since the early 1900s because
    of better advances in sanitation and medical care
  4. Today's major health issues and leading causes of death are primarily influenced by
    behavior and lifestyles
  5. Mortality statistics describe
    death rates
  6. Behaviors that increase susceptibility to negative health consequences are
    risk behaviors.
  7. Taking positive action now to avoid becoming sick later is known as
    disease prevention.
  8. An example of secondary prevention is
    joining a smoking cessation program.
  9. An exercise and healthy eating plan to recover from coronary bypass surgery is an example of
    tertiary prevention.
  10. Motor vehicle safety is viewed as an achievement in public health due to
    all of these
  11. Recognition of tobacco as a health hazard is
    one of the ten greatest public health achievements of the twentieth century.
  12. Clean safe water and improved sanitation have contributed to
    control of infectious disease.
  13. The number of new cases of an illness each year is referred to as
    incidence.
  14. The usual number of cases of an illness occurring in the United States would be reported as the
    prevalence.
  15. The leading cause of death for Americans is
    heart disease.
  16. Factors that may add "life to your years" include
    all of these
  17. Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes and motivate people to change their behaviors are
    risk behaviors.
  18. Visualizing being successful at a weight loss program is an example of
    imagined rehearsal.
  19. Observing a friend's successful attempts to quit smoking in order to help yourself quit smoking is an example of
    modeling.
  20. An example of shaping is
    starting with small changes in behavior and gradually increasing the changes.
  21. When setting realistic goals consider
    all of these
  22. A level of functioning in which systems operate smoothly and maintain equilibrium is termed
    homeostasis.
  23. Attempting to return to normal or homeostasis after a crisis is termed
    adaptive response.
  24. Positive stress that presents the opportunity for personal growth and satisfaction is called
    eustress.
  25. An example of an event most likely to be associated with eustress is
    getting the highest score in the class on a difficult exam.
  26. Negative stress that can lead to debilitating stress and strain is called
    distress.
  27. The term describing what happens when we perceive danger is called
    fight or flight response.
  28. A student's first response to the prospect of an unannounced exam would be
    alarm.
  29. The section of the brain that functions as the control center of the sympathetic nervous system and initiates the stress response is
    hypothalamus.
  30. The stress hormone cortisol has a major role in the following during the stress response:
    mobilizing nutrients in the blood
  31. All of the following are true about epinephrine except:
    Its release is stimulated by the pituitary gland.
  32. Research on stress and body function have found that prolonged stress
    reduces the effectiveness of the immune response.
  33. The part of the nervous system that slows down the body systems stimulated by the stress response is called the
    parasympathetic nervous system.
  34. Longitudinal studies involving stress have demonstrated that
    all of these
  35. The primary hormone responsible for physiological stress responses such as increased heart rate is
    epinephrine.
  36. You just realized that you have a ten-page paper due tomorrow and you haven't even started it yet. The part of the brain that determines the overall reaction to stress such as this is the
    hypothalamus.
  37. Too much stress contributes to physiological changes including
    hardening of the arteries.
  38. Disease-fighting mechanisms in students may be weaker
    all of these
  39. The following is the best example of conflict:
    wanting to go to a party but needing to study
  40. People with higher levels of stress reported ________ than people with lower levels of stress.
    more upper respiratory illnesses
  41. Exercise reduces stress by
    increasing endorphins and reducing stress chemicals called cortisols.
  42. Eating healthy foods helps in managing stress because
    energy is produced and some nutrients are needed during stressful times.
  43. A time management tip to reduce stress:
    Make a list of tasks prioritize
  44. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is associated with
    all of the above
  45. Which is not associated with the Alarm Phase of General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)?
    increased digestive system activity
  46. During a stress response the __________ releases adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH).
    anterior pituitary
  47. Research has shown evidence of a link between the mind's reaction to stress and how the immune system functions.
    True
  48. Research suggests that too much stress can adversely affect the cardiovascular system.
    True
  49. Regular exercise a sound diet
    True
  50. Lack of proper sleep (rest) and distress can make you more susceptible to the flu.
    True
  51. The best defense against CVD is
    prevention.
  52. The size of the human heart is about
    the size of your fist.
  53. The upper chambers of the heart are called
    atria.
  54. The name of the heart valve that is between his left atrium and left ventricle is the ________ valve.
    mitral
  55. Arteries carry blood away from the heart with the exception of the ________ arteries
    pulmonary
  56. The blood vessels that permit the exchange of oxygen carbon dioxide
    capillaries.
  57. The average heart beats
    70-80 beats per minute.
  58. An adult with a damaged SA node
    must have a mechanical pacemaker implanted to control the heart rhythm.
  59. The medical term for the "thickening" of the arteries caused by fatty deposits cholesterol
    atherosclerosis.
  60. Atherosclerosis is actually a type of
    arteriosclerosis.
  61. All of the following are methods of reducing risk for CVD except
    increase triglycerides in your blood.
  62. All of the following are involved in congestive heart failure except:
    no accumulation of blood in the legs ankles
  63. The common name for a cerebrovascular accident is
    stroke.
  64. The following total cholesterol readings are within the recommended range:
    185 mg/dl
  65. Systolic pressure refers to
    pressure in the vessels when the heart is contracting.
  66. Blood pressure is usually defined as normal when a reading is below
    120/80.
  67. Obesity puts a strain on the heart because
    the heart works harder to move blood through the extra pounds of fat.
  68. How fat is distributed on the body contributes to risk for heart disease. The shape that is considered a higher risk is a(n)
    apple.
  69. Being completely cured of cancer means
    no cancer symptoms five years after diagnosis and long life expectancy.
  70. Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by
    uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.
  71. A benign tumor means that the tumor is
    non-cancerous.
  72. A malignant tumor means that the tumor is
    cancerous.
  73. A biopsy in a woman who has had breast cancer has shown that the cancer is now in her lymph nodes. The process of malignant cells moving throughout the body is called
    metastasis.
  74. One theory of cancer development claims that cancer-causing genes present on chromosomes
    oncogenes.
  75. The type of cancer that continues to be the leading cancer killer in both men and women is
    lung.
  76. A key factor in breast cancer survival is
    individual recognition of early symptoms.
  77. Obesity together with a family history of polyps and colitis
    colon cancer.
  78. In the "ABCD" rule for symptoms of melanoma the "D" stands for
    diameter.
  79. The age group at highest risk for testicular cancer is
    17-34.
  80. The best time to perform a testicular self-exam is
    right after a bath or shower.
  81. The warning signs of cancer include all of the following except
    being unusually hungry.
  82. Microscopic organisms that are disease-causing agents are termed
    pathogens.
  83. Organisms that live in peaceful coexistence with their human hosts are an example of
    endogenous microorganisms.
  84. The following is not a bacterial infection:
    influenza
  85. This disease occurs mainly in menstruating women. The symptoms are high fever headache
    toxic shock syndrome.
  86. If left untreated periodontal disease can result in
    tooth loss.
  87. The following is not a viral infection:
    athlete's foot
  88. A common water-borne protozoan disease is
    giardiasis.
  89. An example of a self replicating protein based agent that systematically destroys brain cells is/are
    prions.
  90. Infectious mononucleosis is caused by
    Epstein-Barr Virus.
  91. The routes of transmission of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 are which of the following?
    all of these
  92. The most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection in the United States is
    chlamydia.
  93. Babies born to mothers with herpes should
    be delivered by cesarean section.
  94. The following is true about HIV:
    women accounted for over 50% of new cases in 2002
  95. When the body overreacts to relatively harmless antigens by developing an overly elaborate protective mechanism we call this response a(n)
    allergic response
  96. The major risk factor for chronic bronchitis is
    cigarette smoking
  97. The disease characterized by abnormal growth of uterine tissue outside the uterine area is called
    endometriosis
  98. The following is true about Type 1 diabetes:
    It is characterized by permanent insulin deficiency
  99. Research indicates that most peptic ulcers result from an infection of a common bacterium
    Helicobacter pylori
  100. A repetitive stress injury that causes an irritation to the median nerve in the wrist is called
    carpal tunnel syndrome

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