Microbiology Final Review

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Microbiology Final Review
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2013-04-13 12:46:06
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Microbiology Final Review
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  1. Viruses can infect?

    a. Plants
    b. Bacteria
    c. Animals
    d. All organisms
    All organisms
  2. The suffix-virales is given to the following terms within the taxon....

    a. Species
    b. Order
    c. Family
    d. Genus
    Order
  3. The correct hierarchical order for virus classification is?

    a. order, genus, family, subfamily, species
    b. species, genus, family, subfamily, order
    c. order, family, subfamily, genus, species
    d. genus, order, family, subfamily, species
    Order, family, subfamily, genus, species
  4. The Baltimore classification system places viruses into               groups?

    a. four
    b. five
    c. seven
    d. nine
    Seven
  5. Viral capsomeres are composed of subunits called?

    a. envelopes
    b. protomeres
    c. capsids
    d. nucleoids
    Protomeres
  6. RNA viruses belong to which of the following types according to the Baltimore classification system?

    a. I, II, III
    b. II, III, IIV
    c. I, IV, V
    d. II, IV, V
    II, IV, V
  7. Which of the following consists of DNA viruses?

    a. parvoviridae
    b. picornaviridae
    c. astroviridae
    d. togaviridae
    Parvoviridae
  8. A bacteriophage is a(n)                   virus?

    a. helical
    b. icosahedral
    c. enveloped
    d. complex
    Complex
  9. A phage in a repressed stage is referred to as a(n)?

    a. antiphage
    b. prophage
    c. virulent phage
    d. latent phage
    Prophage
  10. The correct sequence of stages in the multiplication of animal viruses is....
    a. Adsorption, penetration, uncoating, replication, assembly, release
  11. A persistant infection that is not lytic but productive is called a                   infection?

    a. chronic
    b. latent
    c. slow
    d. transforming
    Chronic
  12. Which of the following viruses belong to the family Herpesviridae?

    A. HIV
    B. poxvirus
    C. epstein-barr virus
    D. SARS  
    C. Epstein-Barr virus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are caused by?

    A. virusoids
    B. flavoviruses
    C. prions
    D. orthomyxoviruses
    C. Prions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The most common viruses causing respiratory illness belongs to?

    A. herpesvirade
    B. adenoviridae
    C. papovaviridae
    D. poxiviridae
    B. Adenoviridae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following bunyaviruses is NOT anthropod-borne?

    A. uukuvirus
    B. nairovirus
    C. phlebovirus
    D. hantavirus
    D. Hantavirus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporin are produced by?

    A. protozoans
    B. slime molds
    C. fungi
    D. algae
    C. Fungi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Fungi are free-living                 organisms?

    A. phototrophic
    B. chemotrophic
    C. heterotrophic
    D. autotrophic
    C. Heterotrophic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Fungi that help the roots of plants to absorb minerals and water from the soil are?

    A. yeasts
    B. molds
    C. decomposers
    D. mycorrhizae
    D. Mycorrhizae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A dismorphic fungus growing as a mold prefers what temparature?

    A. 25c
    B. 37c
    C. 20c
    D. 15c
    A. 25c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Conidiospores that bud off from a vase-shaped spore-bearing cell are referred to as?

    A. porospores
    B. blastospores
    C. arthrospores
    D. phialospores
    D. Phialospores
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The mold responsible for the production of penicillin belongs to the subgroup of ?

    A. zygomycota
    B. basidiomycota
    C. deuteromycota
    D. ascomycota
    D. Ascomycota
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The so-called "red tide" is generaly caused by which of the following organisms?

    A. pfiestria
    B. bacteria
    C. dinoflagallates
    D. lichens
    C. Dinoflagellates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Allgae that contain agar in their cells walls belong to?

    A. chrysophyta
    B. phaeophyta
    C. chlorophyta
    D. rhodophyta
    D. Rhodophyta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Diatom, major components of marine phytoplankton, belong to?

    A. phaeophyta
    B. chlorophyta
    C. chrysophyta
    D. rhodophyta
    C. Chrysophyta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Brown algae are commonly referred to as?

    A. chlorophyta
    B. rhodophyta
    C. phaeophta
    D. chrysophyta
    C. phaeophyta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following microorganisms require a moist environment to survive and most often live in ponds, streams, lakes, and oceans?

    A. armillaria gallica
    B. plasmodium
    C. mycorrhizae
    D. blastospores
    B. plasmodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The process by which the nucleous of protozoans undergoes multiple divisions before the cell divides is called?

    A. fragmentation
    B. mitosis
    C. schizogony
    D. budding
    C. schizogony
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The eukaryotes known for the presence of a macronucleous and a micronucleous are?

    A. algae
    B. fungi
    C. protozoans
    D. slime molds
    C. protozoans
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Plasmodium is a type of?

    A. protozoans
    B. helminth
    C. algae
    D. slime mold
    A. protozoans
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Taxoplasma gondii belongs to which group of eukaryotic organism?

    A. fungi
    B. protozoans
    C. algae
    D. helminths
    B. protozoans
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. A scolex is a structure found in?

    A. algae
    B. fungi
    C. protozoans
    D. helminths
    D. helminths
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following is commonly referred to as a pinworm?

    A. necator americanus
    B. ascaris lumbricoides
    C. ancylostoma duodenale
    D. enterobius vermicularis
    D. enterbius vermicularis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Organisms that can grow on substances with very low moisture content are?

    A. helminths
    B. algae
    C. fungi
    D. protozoans
    C. fungi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The protozoan that lacks a cyst stage and therefore must be transferred quickly from host to host is?

    A. thrichomonas vaginalis
    B. entamoeba histolytica
    C. giardia lamblia
    D. balantidium coli
    A. thrichomonas vaginalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which type of symbolisis benefits both members?

    A. viruses
    B. parasitism
    C. mutualism
    D. helminths
    D. helmonths
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which type of symbiosis benefits both members?

    A. commensalism
    B. mutualism
    C. parasitism
    D. pathogens
    B. mutualism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The mold that produces penicillin is an example of?

    A. parasitism
    B. mutualism
    C. amensalism
    D. commensalism
    C. amensalism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The presence of microbes in or on the body is a(n)?

    A. contamination
    B. disease
    C. adhesion
    D. infection
    A. contamination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. All of the following areas of the human body contain normal flora except?

    A. vagina
    B. mouth
    C. urethra
    D. peritoneum
    D. peritoneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Bacterial endotoxins are?

    A. components of the gram-positive cell wall
    B. proteins in the cell wall
    C. components of the gram-negative cell wall
    D. secreted into the envorimnent
    C. components of the gram-negative cell wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. When a pathogen spreads from the original site to other tissues or organs it is called a(n)                  infection?

    A. local
    B. natural
    C. focal
    D. acute
    C. focal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. A disease that is genrally present in a given population is?

    A. epidemic
    B. sporadic
    C. pandemic
    D. endemic
    D. endemic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which of the following is not considered to be a vehicle transmission?

    A. foodborne
    B. insect
    C. airborne
    D. bodily fluid
    B. insect
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which of the following is likely to be the most frquently used portal of entry for pathogens?

    A. skin
    B. conjuctiva
    C. respiratory tract
    D. gastrointestinal tract
    C. respiratory tract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Infections that may result from the use of catheters are classified as?

    A. exogenous infections
    B. local infections
    C. endogenous infections
    D. iatrogenic infections
    D. iatrogenic infections
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. A relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed is called?

    A. antagonism
    B. parasitsm
    C. commensalism
    D. synergism
    B. paratism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The degree or extent of disease-evoking power that a microorganism has is referred to as?

    A. virulence
    B. resistance
    C. strength
    D. competence
    A. virulence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The virulence of factors of bacteria include?

    A. colonization, chemotaxis, fermentation, toxins
    B. colonization, invasion, toxins, adhesions
    C. toxins, evasions of body defenses, motility, size
    D. size, adhesion, resistance, mutation
    B. colonization, invasion, toxins, adhesions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The type of infection in which several infectious agents establish themselves at the same site is referred to as a(n)?

    A. chronic infection
    B. mixed infection
    C. fatal infection
    D. necrotizing infection
    B. mixed infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Health care-associated infections are also known as?

    A. incidental infections
    B. accidental infections
    C. secondary infections
    D. nosocomial infections
    D. nosocomial infections
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Langerhans cells, which play a role in defense against microbes, are located in the?

    A. hypodermis
    B. epidermis
    C. dermis
    D. subcutaneous layer
    B. epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The paillary layer of the skin is part of the?

    A. dermis
    B. hypodermis
    C. subcutaneous layer
    D. epidermis
    A. dermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Which of the following organisms is the causative agent of skin infections and toxic shock syndrome?

    A. pseudomonas aeruginosa
    B. propionibacterium acnes
    C. micrococcus luteus
    D. staphylococcus aureus
    D. staphylococcus aureus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which of the following is a type of acute infection genrally caused by group A streptococus?

    A. acne
    B. erysipelas
    C. carbuncle
    D. impetigo
    B. erysipelas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The oragnism often called "flesh-eating bacteria" is?

    A. propionibacterium acnes
    B. staphylococcus epidermidis
    C. streptococcus pyogenes
    D. staphylococcus aureus
    C. streptococcus pyogenes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Acne is caused by?

    A. propionibacterium
    B. staphylococcus aureus
    C. streptococcus pyogenes
    D. staphylococcus epidermidis
    A. propionibacterium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Warts are commonly caused by the?

    A. HIV
    B. varicella-zoster virus
    C. herpesvirus
    D. human papillomavirus
    D. human papillomavirus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Herpes simplex infections on lips and in the mouth are most commonly caused by?

    A. HSV-6
    B. HSV-7
    C. HSV-2
    D. HSV-1
    D. HSV-1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. "Athletes foot" is referred to as?

    A. tinea corpis
    B. tinea pedis
    C. tinea versicolor
    D. tinea capitis
    B. tinea pedis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Diaper rash in infants is commnly caused by?

    A. candida albicans
    B. actinomyces
    C. sporothrix schenckii
    D. malassezia furfur
    A. candida albicans
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the?

    A. mouth
    B. scalp
    C. hands
    D. feet
    B. scalp
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Subcutaneuos mycoses occur predominantly in the?

    A. rocky mountains
    B. tropics
    C. forests of the northern hemisphere
    D. deserts
    B. tropics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. A chronic localized subcutaneous infection characterized by verrucoid lesions on the skin is?

    A. leprosy
    B. candidiasis
    C. shingles
    D. chromoblastomycosis
    D. chromoblastomycosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. The most important fungi that cause diseases of the skin, hair, and nails are called?

    A. nematodes
    B. plasmodium
    C. sporozoites
    D. dermatophytes
    D. dermatophytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Variola virus of the orthopoxvirus family cause acute, highly contagious disease?

    A. shingles
    B. ringworm
    C. jock itch
    D. smallpox
    D. smallpox
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. All of the following are structures of the lower respiratory system except?

    A. lungs
    B. trachea
    C. pharynx
    D. bronchi
    C. pharynx
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Scarlet fever is caused by?

    A. staphylococcus epidermidis
    B. streptococcus pyogenes
    C. staphylococcus aureus
    D. streptococcus pneumoniae
    B. streptococcus pyogenes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Which of the following organisms is commonly found in the normal flora of the upper respiratory system?

    A. mycoplasma pneumoniae
    B. bordetella pertussis
    C. klebsiella pneumoniae
    D. staphylococcus aureus
    D. staphylococcus aureus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Whooping cough is caused by?

    A. haemophilus influenzae
    B. streptococcus pneumoniae
    C. bordetella pertussis
    D. corynebacterium diphtheriae
    C. bordetella pertussis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. WHich of the following cannot be and should not be treated with antibiotics?

    A. strep throat
    B. tubercuolsis
    C. diphtheria
    D. common cold
    D. common cold
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Tubeculosis is not usually transmitted by?

    A. sneezes
    B. fomites
    C. coughs
    D. talking
    B. fomites
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. The most virulent pathogen of the human flu virus is type?

    A. D
    B. C
    C. A
    D. B
    C. A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. SARS is a respiratory illnes caused by?

    A. type a virus
    B. coronavirus
    C. histoplasma
    D. Streptococcus
    B. coronavirus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Which of the following geographic areas contain resevoirs for coccidioides immitis?

    A. south africa
    B. iowa
    C. france
    D. arizona
    D. arizona
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. The formation of a "fungus-ball" within preexisting cavities is a common development in?

    A. blastomycosis
    B. pulmonary aspergillosis
    C. coccidioidomycosis
    D. histoplasmosis
    B. pulmonary aspergillosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. The "strawberry tongue" symptom is often associated with?

    A. scarlet fever
    B. pharygitis
    C. pneummonia
    D. rheumatic fever
    A. scarlet fever
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Strept throat is caused by which of the following organisms?

    A. streptococcus pneumoniae
    B. streptococcus pyogenes
    C. streptococcus agalactiae
    D. streptococcus faecalis
    B. streptococcus pyogenes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Tuberculosis is caused by an organism of the genus?

    A. chlamydia
    B. klebsiella
    C. mycobacterium
    D. bordetella
    C. mycobacterium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a?

    A. gram-positive, spore forming bacillus
    B. gram-negative, encapsulated bacillus
    C. gram-positive, encapsulated coccus
    D. gram-negative, motile bacillus
    B. gram-negative, encapsulated bacillus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Anthrax is caused by?

    A. streptococcus anthracis
    B. bacillus anthracis
    C. haemophilus anthracis
    D. klebsiella anthracis
    B. bacillus anthracis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Kaposi's sarcoma is caused by human herpesvirus number?
    8
  82. Capsids forming multifaced structures hving 20 triangular faces are called?
    icoshedral
  83. Group VI viruses according to the Baltimore classification system include the families Metaviridae, Pseudoviridae, and?
    Retroviridae
  84. According to the Balimore classification, Retroviridae belong to group?
    VI
  85. The study of fungi is?
    mycology
  86. The vegitative structure of algae is referred to as a?
    thallus
  87. Masses of protoplasm containing thousands of nuclei are characteristic of a(n)?
    plasmodial slime and mold plasmodium
  88. The life cycle of a parasite helminth ends with an adult parasite that is found in the               host?
    definitive
  89. The symbiotic relationship in which one of the organisms benefits and the other is not harmed or helpes is referred to as???
    commensalism
  90. Vectors that transmit pathogens and also serve as host for part of the pathogens life cycle is a(n)                            vector.
    biological
  91. A worldwide epidemic is considered a(n)                        disease.
    pandemic
  92. Animals, usually anthropods, that carry pathogens from one host to another are called?
    vectors
  93. The study of the cause of disease is called?
    etiology
  94. Leprosy is caused by?
    micobacterium leprae
  95. A tinea infection in the groin area is commonly called?
    jock itch
  96. Parrot fever is caused by?
    clymydia psittaci
  97. Legionellosis affects mainly the?
    wings
  98. Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative bacillus yjat causes disease occuring in two distinct forms:????? and ??????
    pontiac fever and lgionaires disease
  99. The three forms of anthrax caused by bacillus anthracis are                ,                        ,and                 .
    inhalation, cutaneous, gastrointestinal
  100. Influenza is caused by two species of?
    orthomyxo viruses
  101. Human papiloma virus
    plantar warts
  102. Epstein-barr virus
    Infectious mononucleosis
  103. Norovirus
    Gastroenteritis
  104. Hantavirus
    Hemorrhagic fever
  105. Human rhinovirus A
    Common cold
  106. The first step in infection?
    Adhesion
  107. The parental route?
    Surgery
  108. Normal flora?
    Microbiota
  109. Multiplication of pathogens in blood?
    Septicemia
  110. AIDS
    Pandemic
  111. Necrotizing fasciitis
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  112. Shingles
    Varicella-zoster
  113. Sixth disease
    HHV-6 and -7
  114. Tinea versicolor
    Malassezia furfur
  115. Genital herpes
    HSV-2
  116. Diphteria
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  117. Whooping cough
    Bordetella pertussis
  118. Strep throat
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  119. Pontiac fever
    Legionella pneumophila
  120. Q fever
    Coxiella burnetii

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