What is kidney failure called? Pg. 435
Kidney failure is called renal suppression and this is when the kidneys no longer make urine. The blood is not cleansed of its waste, and substances that should have been excreted in the urine remain in the blood. This condition is called uremia, which literally means urine in the blood. Uremia may be prevented with an artificial kidney, a form of dialysis. The artificial kidney consists of a cylinder filled with plasmalike solution called the dialysate. The patient's blood is passed through a series of tiny tubes immersed in the dialysate. Waste products in the blood, such as potassium, creatnine, uric acid, and excess water, diffuse out of the tubules into the dialysate. The blood is thus cleansed of these waste products and returned to the patient. Because this procedure cleanses blood like a kidney, it is called an artificial kidney.