CRIM 1100

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Author:
xx.chelsii
ID:
212291
Filename:
CRIM 1100
Updated:
2013-04-08 22:31:33
Tags:
Lecture 10
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Description:
Structure and Operation of Corrections in Canada
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  1. Structure & Operation influenced by:
    England and the United States
  2. Themes in Corrections have fluctuated from....
    punishment (including corporal) to rehabilitation
  3. Today's focus is on
    Rehabilitation while exercising control over individuals
  4. Primary role of corrections
    • to administer sentences passed by courts
    • Provided by federal and provincial governments
    • Custodial and Non-Custodial correctional services
  5. The two components of Federal corrections
    • Correctional Service of Canada
    • National Parole Board
  6. Correctional Service of Canada Head
    Head: Commissioner of Corrections, who reports to the Solicitor General of Canada
  7. CSC is responsible for administering
    • Custodial sentences of 2 years or more
    • Managing institutions of  varying security levels
    • Supervising offenders who are under conditional release into the community
  8. CSC Mission Statement:
    "The Correctional Service of Canada, as part of the criminal justice system, contribute to the protection of society by actively encouraging and assisting offenders to become law-abiding citizens, while exercising reasonable, safe, secure and humane control"
  9. Correctional Service of Canada operates under
    the Corrections and Conditional Release Act
  10. National headquarters of Correctional Service of Canada
    Ottawa, Ontario
  11. 5 Regional Headquarters of Correctional Service of Canada
    • 1. Atlantic - Moncton, New Brunswick
    • 2. Quebec - Laval, Quebec
    • 3. Ontario - Kingston Ontario
    • 4. Prairies - Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
    • 5. Pacific - Abbotsford, B.C.
  12. Correctional Service of Canada Institutions headed by...
    Wardens
  13. National Parole Board also within
    Ministry of Solicitor General
  14. National Parole Board has exclusive authority under
    Corrections and Conditional Act to grant, deny, revoke, and cancel day and full parole
  15. National Parole Board can also order some offender to
    • be held in custody until the end of their sentence
    • Result: detention during period of statutory release
  16. National Parole Board Mission Statement:
    "The National Parole Board, as part of the criminal justice system, makes independent, quality conditional release and pardon decisions and clemency recommendations. The Board contributes to the protection of society by facilitating, as appropriate, the timely integration of offenders..."
  17. National Parole Board has headquarters in
    Ottawa, and same 5 Regional offices as CSC
  18. National Parole Board also makes parole decisions for
    Provincial inmates in provinces that do not have provincial parole boards.
  19. Only provinces with own provincial parole boards are
    Ontario, Quebec
  20. Provinces are responsible for
    • 1. Provision of probation services
    • 2. Decisions re: day/full parole for provincial inmates (In the 2 provinces that have their own provincial parole board Ontario, Quebec)
    • 3. Operating provincial institutions (2 years less a day sentences)

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