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Structure & Operation influenced by:
England and the United States
Themes in Corrections have fluctuated from....
punishment (including corporal) to rehabilitation
Today's focus is on
Rehabilitation while exercising control over individuals
Primary role of corrections
- to administer sentences passed by courts
- Provided by federal and provincial governments
- Custodial and Non-Custodial correctional services
The two components of Federal corrections
- Correctional Service of Canada
- National Parole Board
Correctional Service of Canada Head
Head: Commissioner of Corrections, who reports to the Solicitor General of Canada
CSC is responsible for administering
- Custodial sentences of 2 years or more
- Managing institutions of varying security levels
- Supervising offenders who are under conditional release into the community
CSC Mission Statement:
"The Correctional Service of Canada, as part of the criminal justice system, contribute to the protection of society by actively encouraging and assisting offenders to become law-abiding citizens, while exercising reasonable, safe, secure and humane control"
Correctional Service of Canada operates under
the Corrections and Conditional Release Act
National headquarters of Correctional Service of Canada
5 Regional Headquarters of Correctional Service of Canada
- 1. Atlantic - Moncton, New Brunswick
- 2. Quebec - Laval, Quebec
- 3. Ontario - Kingston Ontario
- 4. Prairies - Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
- 5. Pacific - Abbotsford, B.C.
Correctional Service of Canada Institutions headed by...
National Parole Board also within
Ministry of Solicitor General
National Parole Board has exclusive authority under
Corrections and Conditional Act to grant, deny, revoke, and cancel day and full parole
National Parole Board can also order some offender to
- be held in custody until the end of their sentence
- Result: detention during period of statutory release
National Parole Board Mission Statement:
"The National Parole Board, as part of the criminal justice system, makes independent, quality conditional release and pardon decisions and clemency recommendations. The Board contributes to the protection of society by facilitating, as appropriate, the timely integration of offenders..."
National Parole Board has headquarters in
Ottawa, and same 5 Regional offices as CSC
National Parole Board also makes parole decisions for
Provincial inmates in provinces that do not have provincial parole boards.
Only provinces with own provincial parole boards are
Provinces are responsible for
- 1. Provision of probation services
- 2. Decisions re: day/full parole for provincial inmates (In the 2 provinces that have their own provincial parole board Ontario, Quebec)
- 3. Operating provincial institutions (2 years less a day sentences)