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Elizabeth Bishop 22
- Wrote less but MASTERED poems
- Ingenuous, reticent, forwent strain or pretenses--> she is NOT merely agreeable.
- Clarity, detail, tonal control, description-->mystery.
- Nova Scotia childhood, Brazil adulthood...imagination.
- Born in Warcester, Masachusetts.
- Dad DIED. Mom MENTAL.
- Raise by relatives in New England and Canada.
- Lived all over the place.
- Taught at Harvard.
- Won the PULITZER PRIZE (1956) and NATIONAL BOOK AWARD (1970)
Anne Sexton 304
- Suburban HOUSEWIFE and MOM.
- PSYCHIATRIST suggested writing--recover mental breakdown.
- Born in Newton, Massachusetts.
- Taught at Boston University
- CONFESSIONAL-->SURREALISTIC VOICE.
- Honest, bold, morbid.
- PULITZER PRIZE (1967)
- SUICIDE (1974).
Frank O'hara 204
- Baltimore, raise in Massechusetts.
- Served in Navy.
- Studied at Harvard and University of Michigan.
- Moved to New York.
- Needed subway or other side that PEOPLE DON'T TOTALLY REGRET LIFE.
- Staffed at Museum of Modern Art.
- Playwright, critic.
- Epicenter of NEW YORK SCHOOL.
- Fresh, RANCID NOURISHMENT, hybrid high and low cultures.
- GO ON YOUR NERVE.
Denise Levertov 178 (more)
- Writes about what is under the hand...INNER EXPERIENCE, BUT TRUE.
- Dad's ancestry Hasidic Russian rabbi.
- Mom's ancestry Welsh mystic.
- Born in England...home-schooled.
- U.S. immigrant 1948
- Aesthetics of WILLIAM CARLOS WILLIAMS, ROBERT DUNCAN, and ROBERT CREELEY.
- INNER HARMONY, EXTERNAL CHAOS.
- City life, sexual turmoil, domestic rounds, natural world, mythic-->ordinary.
Allen Ginsberg 225
- BEST KNOWN POET OF HIS GENERATION.
- Social Force.
- New Jersey--educated at Columbia.
- LEADING FIGURE OF THE BEAT MOVEMENT. (1950'S)
- "Howl" and "Kaddish" made him famous.
- Political activist: flower power, LSD, gay rights...
- Journalistic, improvisatory, "thought-breath" poetry.
- His own subject. Moods, opinions, drugs, homo.
- Young and old appeal.
- Tradition of old-time, Emerson, Whitman, etc.
W.S. Merwin 256
- Born in New York. Son of Minister. Raised in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
- Princeton University.
- Europe...translated and wrote.
- 1968 back to US...refused academic career.
- Lots of publications.
- PULITZER PRIZE (1971) BOLLINGEN PRIZE (1979)
- EARLY WORK: Traditions of English Romantic poetry...mythis, emblematic, rhetorical.
- LATE WORK: austere, impersonal, disjunctive, surrealistic.
- Poetry= unpredictable resonance, like an echo.
- Political conscience in poetry-->SOCIETY's triumphs symbolize DEATH.
John Ashbery 274 (more)
- PARADIGMS OF COMMON EXPERIENCE.
- Minds memories and desires while hearing world's buzzing.
- Experience of experience and the way it filters through him.
- Can have lots of tones, all explore how we make meaning.
- MOST INNOVATIVE ... experimental and traditional.
- Farmboy from NY.
- Harvard and Columbia.
- Lived in Paris-->translator and art critic.
- Taught creative writing and Brooklyn College.
- PULITZER PRIZE, NATIONAL BOOK AWARD, NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS CIRCLE AWARD (1976).
- BOLLINGEN PRIZE (1985).
Gary Snyder 359 (more)
- ARCHAIC VALUES
- Holds history and wilderness in mind. -->approach true measure of things.
- Stand against imbalance and ignorance of our times.
- Born San Francisco, raised near Seattle.
- Anthropology from Reed College. Oriental Languages Berkeley.
- Seaman, logger, forester.
- Studied Buddhism in Japanese monasteries.
- Traveled Japan and India.
- PULITZER PRIZE (1975).
- BOLLINGEN PRIZE (1997).
- Rhythm follows thought and work.
- ZEN TRAINING-->Inner world, before language, before custom, before culture.
- ALSO naturalist-->world's random and ritualized details.
Philip Levine 311
- POET OF DESOLATION
- Born in Detroit.
- Assembly man for Ford. Railroad shipper 1950's.
- Wayne State University. University of Iowa.
- Teaches at California State University at Fresno.
- NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS AWARD 1979
- PULITZER PRIZE 1995
- Voice for the voiceless.
- Political and elegiac.
- SPANISH CIVIL WAR focus of assault on injustice.
- Emotional intensity and control.
Mary Oliver 409
- MOST ACCOMPLISHED CONTEMPORARY NATURALIST.
- What world is, how and why it works.
- Born in Ohio. Now in Provincetown, Massachusetts.
- PULITZER PRIZE 1984
- NATIONAL BOOK AWARD 1992
- Poetry = EPIPHANIES
- Sees herself in other things.
- MEDITATIVE POET.
- Validity of nature...mortal limits.
I saw the best minds of my generation
Suuuuuuuuuuper long lines
rabbit so soft! a handful of intangible ash with fished ignited eyes
a weak mailed fist clenched ignorant against the sky
I have gone out, a possessed witch
A woman like that is...
I have nothing against life
like carpenters...which tools? not why build?
I will get off at 4:19 ...I don't know the people who will feed me.
Very casual story like (mimicked in class)
everyone and I stopped breathing
it is leviathan and we in its belly
thigh and tongue are heavy with it, it throbs in the teeth.
when making an axe handle, the pattern is not far off.
out of, from, come
barbed wire fence
power came down on a yellow thread
in the darkness they wondered if they could do it and knew that they had to do it