CRIM 1100

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Author:
xx.chelsii
ID:
212310
Filename:
CRIM 1100
Updated:
2013-04-08 23:10:44
Tags:
Lecture 12
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Description:
Community Corrections
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  1. 3 types of correctional programs within the community
    • 1. Alternatives to incarceration
    • 2. Pre-release programs
    • 3. Post-incarceration programs
  2. Alternatives to Incarceration
    • Diversion
    • Probation
  3. Rehabilitation
    • Prison to be used as last resort
    • Prison over-crowding
    • Cost-effective
  4. Alternatives to Incarceration - Diversion
    First time, minor offences, referral to community programs
  5. S. 717(1) C.C.
    • Diversion to be used if the following conditions met:
    • a) Approved programs (Attorney General)
    • b) Needs of person and interests of society and victim met this way
    • c) Person "fully and freely" consents to participate
    • d) Person has been advised of right to be represented by counsel before consenting to participate
    • e) Person accepts responsibility
    • f) There is sufficient evidence to proceed with prosecution of the offence
    • g) Prosecution of offence not in any way barred by law
  6. Alternatives to Incarceration - Diversion; not be used IF:
    • 1. Person denies participation in offence, or
    • 2. Person wants to go through court process
  7. Probation
    S. 731 C.C. - Check Sentencing notes
  8. Pre-Release Programs
    Allows for temporary absence from an institution
  9. Temporary absence
    • Person allowed to leave for educational, medical, employment, family, pre-release planning
    • Usually first type of release granted
    • ETA - escorted - Issued by CSC.
    • Eligibility: Anytime
    • UTA - Unescorted. Issued by NPB. Eligibility dates:
    • Lifers-1st and 2nd Degree - 3 years prior to PED (Parole Eligibility Date)
    • Lifers - 3 Years prior to PED
  10. Pre-Release Programs - Day Parole
    Gradual release into community to aid with reintegration and test person for consideration for full parole
  11. Post-Incarceration Release Programs
    • Full parole
    • Statutory Release
  12. Full-parole
    • Full time conditional release
    • Person serves rest of sentence in community
  13. Full-Parole Eligibility
    Most Federal inmates become eligible for parole 1/3 of sentence before warrant expiry date

    • 1. Lifers (1st Degree) - 25 years
    • 2. Lifers (2nd Degree) - Judge determines; usually between 10 and 25 years
    • 3. Lifers - 7 years
    • 4. Interdeterminate Sentences - 7 years
    • 5. Others - 2 years or more - lesser of 1/3 of sentence or 7 years
  14. Statutory Release
    Those not released on parole released at 2/3 of sentence unless Schedule 1 or 2 offences, and thought to be likely to cause death or serious harm to some; detention hearing held to determine whether person released or continued to be held in custody

    • NOT applicable to:
    • Lifers; indeterminate sentences
  15. Corrections and Conditional Release Act - Schedule 1
    Serious personal injury to others
  16. Corrections and Conditional Release Act - Schedule 2
    Drug offences

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