Card Set Information
English language frameworks
Cards to revise section A of AQA English Language B
The vocabulary of a language-words
The study of how meaning is created through words and phrases
The system of rules for language there are 3 parts:1. Word classes 2. Syntax 3. Morphology
Study of sounds-how they're produced and how they're combined to make words
Language in use, social conventions, context and how this affects meaning
The study of the appearance of texts
In writing-how a text is put together
In speech-how a conversation is organised
How to make a text fir together e.g. by using adverbs like furthermore.
When words in a discourse relate to each other e.g. Lots of words relating to cars/driving
3 steps to dicourse analysis
1. What kind of discourse is it? Audience, purpose & form
2. What language frameworks contribute to the dicourse?
3. Look at the discourse structure and cohesion
Take the place of nouns e.g. he
Connecting words e.g. but
Define time, space and direction e.g. before, beneath
Specify information about nouns e.g. quantity the, two etc
How do grammatical rules affect morphology?
Because extra bits (inflections) have to be added to change things like number or tense e.g. adding s to cup or ed to walk
How can grammar choices influence the reader?
Tense-Using present tense can make something sound more dramatic
Plurals-Using plurals can increase the scale of a scene
What are the 4 categories of noun?
Proper, abstract, concrete and collective
What is a count noun?
Count nouns can be counted e.g bricks
What are mass nouns?
Mass nouns can't be counted and they don't have a plural e.g. information
Make comparisons e.g. better
Indicate the best e.g. finest
Identify the action in a sentence e.g she sings
Go before the main verb and give extra information.
Primary auxilary verbs
Do, have, be
Modal auxilary verbs
There are 9: can, could, will, would, must, may, might, shall, should.
When the subject is the focus and performs the action e.g. Ahmed kicked the ball
Focuses on the object and changes the order e.g. the ball was kicked by Ahmed-makes sentences seem more formal
How many sentence types are there?
4-Minor, simple, compound & complex
What are the 4 sentence functions?
What can knowing the sentence type/function help you to identify?
Audience and purpose
Is relaxed and conversational and will contain slang, abbrviations and more monosyllabic words
Is more serious and impersonal and tends to use Standard English
The straightforward meaning of a word or phrase
The associations or emotions a word can have e.g rose can mean love not just a flower
When meaning is suggested rather than directly stated
When a word or phrase can be interpreted in more than 1 way. e.g men can't bear children
Groups of words that are connected in meaning.
Words that have similar meanings e.g food-snack-grub
Words with opposite meanings e.g. hot/cold
Hypernym is a general word e.g. school a hyponym is specific e.g. primary, secondary
similies, metaphors, personification, oxymoron-2 opposite ideas together e.g. bittersweet
Language people use at work
Designed to persuade & can include: 3 part list, repetition, hyperbole & rhetorical questions