Card Set Information
what are leukocytes?
white blood cells
what is leukemia?
cancer of white blood cells; elevated count; dysfuntional WBCs
how many WBCs in a drop of blood?
which granulocytic WBC is the most numerous?
do white blood cells have nuclei?
do red blood cells have nuclei?
not after maturation
what is the lifespan of WBCs?
where are blood cells produced?
what type of cells become blood cells?
what type of movement is exhibited by WBCs?
where do T-lymphocytes mature?
which types of leukocytes are phagocytic?
monocyte and neutrophil
what percent of plasma is water?
what percent of the blood is plasma?
what percent of volume is plasma protein?
what is the ph of blood?
is blood more viscous than water?
what is the inherited disease that creates faulty hemoglobin that distorts the red blood cell?
which plasma protein is involved in maintaing osmotic pressure?
what is the last step of the 13 for the pathway of blood through the heart?
what is another name for the mitral valve?
what are the four valves in the heart?
what is the category of valves located between the upper and lower chambers of the heart?
a-v valves; atrioventricular valves
what is the category of valves that are shaped like half moons?
which ventricl is more muscular?
why is the left ventricle more muscular?
sends blood farther away from the heart
where does the left side of the heart send the blood?
to the whole body
where does the right side of the heart send the blood?
to the lungs
what is the partition that divides the heart into left and right?
what is another name for the pacemaker?
what is the next stop after the pacemaker?
a-v node; atrioventricular node
what are the fibers that branch from the right and left bundle branches?
which cranial nerve innervates the heart?
what is the name for the smallest arteries?
what is the name for the smallest veins?
which artery is the largest in the body?
what is the thinning of the wall of a blood vessel that burst?
How is a lack of blood supply described?
an ischemic event or ischemia
what is the word that refers to the lungs?
which form of circulation is carried out by the right side of the heart?
which form of circulation is carried out by the left side of the heart?
what is another name for red blood cells?
about how many red blood cells are in a drop of blood?
what is an excess of RBCs called?
what are possible causes of polycythemia?
living at higher elevations, althetic conditioning, cancer of the bone marrow.
what is the reduction of RBC?
what are possible causes of anemia?
genetic defect (sicke cell), cancer of the bone marrow, lack of iron or hemoglobin, B12 deficiency, folic acid deficiency.
which type of anemia involves red blood cells busting open?
which type of anemia involves damage to the bone marrow?
what protein carries oxygen on a red blood cell?
what part of hemoglobin gives blood a red color?
what hormone triggers the production of red blood cells?
what are the largest veins in the body?
what are the smallest veins in the body?
what is the next vessel type after capillaries returning to the heart?
what is the next type of vessel after venules?
are arteries deep or superficial?
are veins deep or superficial?
do veins carry blood to or away from the heart?
to the heart
do arteries carry blood to or away from the heart?
away from the heart
what encloses the heart in a double sac of serous membrane?
what is the other name for heart muscle?
what are the two layers of the pericardium?
visceral pericardium, and parietal pericardium
what is the SA node called?
between which two chambers are the AV valves located?
atria and ventricles
what are the two names for the left AV valve?
bicuspid valve and mitral valve
which side of the heart contains oxgenated blood?
which side of the heart contains deoxygenated blood?
what tiny white cords anchor the cusps to the walls of the ventricle?
which anemia is due to a B12 deficiency?
is hemophilia a problem with platlets or clotting factors specifically?
what is a low white blood cell count?
what is a genetic blood disease inherited from mothers?
what is a typical platelet count?
what element is found in hemoglobin?
what are the two other names for platelets?
thrombocytes and megakaryocytes
what chemical becomes the clot?
what is the percursor to fibrin?
fibrinogen (plasma protein)