circulatory system

Card Set Information

Author:
chivasfan25
ID:
21239
Filename:
circulatory system
Updated:
2010-05-30 14:08:10
Tags:

Folders:

Description:
anatomy test
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user chivasfan25 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. what are leukocytes?
    white blood cells
  2. what is leukemia?
    cancer of white blood cells; elevated count; dysfuntional WBCs
  3. how many WBCs in a drop of blood?
    4,000-11,000
  4. which granulocytic WBC is the most numerous?
    neutrophil
  5. do white blood cells have nuclei?
    yes
  6. do red blood cells have nuclei?
    not after maturation
  7. what is the lifespan of WBCs?
    10 days
  8. where are blood cells produced?
    bone marrow
  9. what type of cells become blood cells?
    stem cells
  10. what type of movement is exhibited by WBCs?
    amoeboid
  11. where do T-lymphocytes mature?
    thymus gland
  12. which types of leukocytes are phagocytic?
    monocyte and neutrophil
  13. what percent of plasma is water?
    90%
  14. what percent of the blood is plasma?
    55%
  15. what percent of volume is plasma protein?
    8%
  16. what is the ph of blood?
    7.35-7.45
  17. is blood more viscous than water?
    yes
  18. what is the inherited disease that creates faulty hemoglobin that distorts the red blood cell?
    sickle-cell anemia
  19. which plasma protein is involved in maintaing osmotic pressure?
    albumin
  20. what is the last step of the 13 for the pathway of blood through the heart?
    aorta
  21. what is another name for the mitral valve?
    bicuspid valve
  22. what are the four valves in the heart?
    tricuspid,bicuspid,pulmonary,and aortic
  23. what is the category of valves located between the upper and lower chambers of the heart?
    a-v valves; atrioventricular valves
  24. what is the category of valves that are shaped like half moons?
    semilunar valves
  25. which ventricl is more muscular?
    left
  26. why is the left ventricle more muscular?
    sends blood farther away from the heart
  27. where does the left side of the heart send the blood?
    to the whole body
  28. where does the right side of the heart send the blood?
    to the lungs
  29. what is the partition that divides the heart into left and right?
    septum
  30. what is another name for the pacemaker?
    sinoatrial node
  31. what is the next stop after the pacemaker?
    a-v node; atrioventricular node
  32. what are the fibers that branch from the right and left bundle branches?
    purkinje fibers
  33. which cranial nerve innervates the heart?
    vagus
  34. what is the name for the smallest arteries?
    arterioles
  35. what is the name for the smallest veins?
    venules
  36. which artery is the largest in the body?
    aorta
  37. what is the thinning of the wall of a blood vessel that burst?
    aneurysm
  38. How is a lack of blood supply described?
    an ischemic event or ischemia
  39. what is the word that refers to the lungs?
    pulmonary
  40. which form of circulation is carried out by the right side of the heart?
    pulmonary
  41. which form of circulation is carried out by the left side of the heart?
    systemic
  42. what is another name for red blood cells?
    erythrocytes
  43. about how many red blood cells are in a drop of blood?
    4-6 million
  44. what is an excess of RBCs called?
    polycthemia
  45. what are possible causes of polycythemia?
    living at higher elevations, althetic conditioning, cancer of the bone marrow.
  46. what is the reduction of RBC?
    anemia
  47. what are possible causes of anemia?
    genetic defect (sicke cell), cancer of the bone marrow, lack of iron or hemoglobin, B12 deficiency, folic acid deficiency.
  48. which type of anemia involves red blood cells busting open?
    hemolyic
  49. which type of anemia involves damage to the bone marrow?
    aplatic anemia
  50. what protein carries oxygen on a red blood cell?
    hemoglobin
  51. what part of hemoglobin gives blood a red color?
    iron
  52. what hormone triggers the production of red blood cells?
    erythropoietin
  53. what are the largest veins in the body?
    vena cavae
  54. what are the smallest veins in the body?
    capillaries
  55. what is the next vessel type after capillaries returning to the heart?
    venules
  56. what is the next type of vessel after venules?
    veins
  57. are arteries deep or superficial?
    deep
  58. are veins deep or superficial?
    superficial
  59. do veins carry blood to or away from the heart?
    to the heart
  60. do arteries carry blood to or away from the heart?
    away from the heart
  61. what encloses the heart in a double sac of serous membrane?
    pericardium
  62. what is the other name for heart muscle?
    myocardium
  63. what are the two layers of the pericardium?
    visceral pericardium, and parietal pericardium
  64. what is the SA node called?
    pacemaker
  65. between which two chambers are the AV valves located?
    atria and ventricles
  66. what are the two names for the left AV valve?
    bicuspid valve and mitral valve
  67. which side of the heart contains oxgenated blood?
    left
  68. which side of the heart contains deoxygenated blood?
    right
  69. what tiny white cords anchor the cusps to the walls of the ventricle?
    chordae tendineae
  70. which anemia is due to a B12 deficiency?
    pernicious anemia
  71. is hemophilia a problem with platlets or clotting factors specifically?
    clotting factors
  72. what is a low white blood cell count?
    leukopenia
  73. what is a genetic blood disease inherited from mothers?
    hemophilia
  74. what is a typical platelet count?
    250,000
  75. what element is found in hemoglobin?
    iron
  76. what are the two other names for platelets?
    thrombocytes and megakaryocytes
  77. what chemical becomes the clot?
    fibrin
  78. what is the percursor to fibrin?
    fibrinogen (plasma protein)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview