PTG 105 -Exam 3- Lecture 16-4

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kyleannkelsey
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PTG 105 -Exam 3- Lecture 16-4
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2013-04-09 16:11:55
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PTG 105 Exam Lecture 16
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PTG 105 -Exam 3- Lecture 16-4
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  1. Decribe the charcteristics of Hep G:
    • parenterally transmitted
    • distantly related to hep C
    • not belived to be major liver disease agent
  2. Which hpe strain is not considered a major liver disease agent, is distantly related to Hep C and is parenterally transmitted?
    Hep G
  3. Describe what pathological changes in the liver occur due to hepatitis:
    • Inflammatory cells in lobules and portal area
    • Apoptosis of hepatocytes
    • Fibrosis/Cirrhosis
    • Ground glass hepatocytes with HBV
    • Lympoid aggregeates with HCV
  4. If you observed ground glass hepatocytes, what Hep strain would you suspect?
    Hep B
  5. What would the appearance of the hepatocytes be in aperson with Hep B?
    "Ground glass"
  6. If you observed hepatocytes with lymphoid aggregates, what hep strain would you suspect?
    Hep C
  7. Most treatment for Viral hepatitis is:
    Supportive
  8. Prevention of Viral Hepatitis is by:
    • Active immunization (HBV)
    • Passive immunization (HBV and HAV)
  9. What group is most susceptible to autoimmune hepatitis?
    young females
  10. What are the characteristics of Autoimmune Hepatitis?
    • Autoantibodies are present
    • no signs of virus
    • presence of autoimmune disease
    • presents as chronic hepatitis
  11. A young female with autoantibodies present, chronic hepatitis, various autoimmune diseases present and no signs of a virus likely has what disease?
    Autoimmune Hepatitis
  12. What is the treatment for Autoimmune hepatitis?
    Immunosuppresive therapy
  13. How many people in the US meet the criteria for liver disease?
    14 million
  14. Alcoholic liver disease causes what percentage of alcohol related deaths in a year?
    40%
  15. 40% of alcohol related deaths are caused by what disease?
    Alcoholic liver disease
  16. How many Alcohol related deaths are there per year?
    200,000
  17. How many beers daily for several days generates a risk of liver disease?
    8 beers
  18. How many mg of alcohol daily for several day creates liver disease risk?
    80 mg
  19. How much alcohol causes severe liver disease?
    160gm/day over 10-20 years
  20. What are the various factors that contribute to Alcoholc liver disease development?
    • Alcohol
    • Diet
    • Gender
    • Viruses
    • Obeisity
    • Iron
    • Genetics
  21. In early stages Alcoholic liver disease presenets as:
    Asymptomatic
  22. In later stages, alcoholic lver disease presents as:
    cirrhosis
  23. What is delerium tremens?
    • tremors
    • combative behavior
    • hallucinations
    • seizures
  24. Tremors, combative behavior, hallucinations and seizures are all compoenents of what?
    Delerium tremens
  25. Delerium tremens happens particularly during what occurance?
    Withdrawl of alcohol
  26. Some patient swith alcholic liver disease present with what symptoms?
    jaundice and delerium tremens
  27. What are the three types of pathogenic changes of alcoholic liver disease?
    • Fatty change
    • Hepatitis
    • Fibrosis/Cirrhosis
  28. What is the most basic description of Alcoholic hepatitis?
    Inflammation of the liver with cell damage associated with heavy bouts of drinking
  29. inflammation of the liver and cell damage due to heavy bouts of drinking is termed:
    Alcoholic hepatitis

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